Coal

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Coal
Coal JE4 BE3.pngCharcoal JE4 BE4.png
Rarity color

Common

Renewable

Yes

Stackable

Yes (64)

Coal is an item mainly obtained by harvesting coal ore blocks. It is used as fuel, for crafting torches and campfires, or for trading with villagers.

Charcoal is an alternative to coal obtained from smelting logs or wood. It has the same uses as normal coal, except that it cannot be traded with villagers or crafted into a block of coal. Coal and charcoal also cannot stack together.

Obtaining[edit]

The main difference between coal and charcoal is in how they are obtained.

Natural generation[edit]

Item Structure Container Quantity Chance
Java Edition
Coal Dungeon Chest 1–4 26.6%
Mineshaft Chest 3–8 31.6%
Igloo Chest 1–4 70.4%
Shipwreck Supply chest 2–8 40%
Stronghold Storeroom chest 3–8 34.3%
Underwater ruins Small ruins chest 1–4 84.2%
Big ruins chest 1–4 81%
Village Butcher's chest 1–3 27.9%
Toolsmith's chest 1–3 9.9%
Fisherman's chest 1–3 43%
Snowy house chest 1–4 41.2%
Woodland mansion Chest 1–4 26.6%
Bedrock Edition
Coal Dungeon Chest 1–4 26.6%
Mineshaft Chest 3–8 31.6%
Igloo Chest 1–4 70.4%
Shipwreck Supply chest 2–8 40%
Stronghold Storeroom chest 3–8 28.5%
Underwater ruins Big ruins chest 1–4 81%
Small ruins chest 1–4 84.2%
Village Snowy house chest 1–4 41.2%
Toolsmith's chest 1–3 9.9%
Butcher's chest 1–3 27.9%
Woodland mansion Chest 1–4 26.6%

Breaking[edit]

Coal ore mined using a pickaxe drops 1 unit of coal. If the pickaxe is enchanted with Fortune, it may drop an extra unit per level of Fortune, up to a maximum of 4 with Fortune III.

A campfire broken without the silk touch enchantment drops 2 charcoal.

Mob loot[edit]

Wither skeletons have a 13 chance of dropping a single coal upon death. The maximum amount of coal is increased by 1 per level of Looting. The chance of a wither skeleton not dropping any coal can be found using the formula 2 / (Looting Level + 3). For example, Looting III gives a 13 chance of not dropping any coal. All other amounts have an equal chance of occurring.

Crafting[edit]

Name Ingredients Crafting recipe
Coal Block of Coal

9

Smelting[edit]

Name Ingredients Smelting recipe
Coal Coal Ore +
Any fuel


0.1
Charcoal Any Log or
Any Stripped Log or
Any Wood or
Any Stripped Wood +
Any fuel


0.15

Compound creation[edit]

Charcoal can be created from its base elements, using the compound creator.‌[Bedrock and Education editions only]

Name Elements Example recipe
Charcoal 7 Carbon
4 Hydrogen
1 Oxygen

Usage[edit]

Crafting ingredient[edit]

Name Ingredients Crafting recipe Description
Block of Coal Coal

Campfire Stick +
Coal or
Charcoal +
Any Log or Stem or
Any Stripped Log or Stem or
Any Wood or Hyphae or
Any Stripped Wood or Hyphae

Fire Charge Blaze Powder +
Coal or
Charcoal +
Gunpowder
Gunpowder Coal or
Charcoal +
Sulfur +
Bone Meal
[Bedrock and Education editions only]
Soul Torch Coal or
Charcoal +
Stick +
Soul Soil or
Soul Sand
Torch Coal or
Charcoal +
Stick

Lab table ingredient[edit]

Charcoal is one of the lab table ingredients needed to produce the heat block.‌[Bedrock and Education editions only]

Result Materials Needed
Heat Block
Heat Block
Iron, Water, Charcoal, Salt

Fuel[edit]

When used in a furnace as a fuel, a piece of charcoal or coal lasts 80 seconds (smelting up to 8 items). Coal/charcoal used as fuel lasts more than 5 times longer than wood planks or wood logs used as fuel, being more efficient than any other use of wood for smelting in Java Edition, but outstripped by wooden slabs in Bedrock.

Coal and charcoal are also the only fuels accepted by powered minecarts. They provide approximately four minutes of transit each.

Trading[edit]

Novice-level fisherman villagers have a 50% chance to buy 10 coal for an emerald.

In Java Edition, novice-level armorer and toolsmith villagers have a 40% chance of offering to buy 15 coal for one emerald. Novice-level weaponsmith villagers and apprentice-level butcher villagers have 23 chance of offering to buy 15 coal for one emerald.

In Bedrock Edition, novice-level armorer, toolsmith, and weaponsmith villagers and apprentice-level butcher villagers buy 15 coal for an emerald.

Data values[edit]

ID[edit]

Java Edition:

NameNamespaced IDItem tags (JE)Translation key
Coalcoal coalsitem.minecraft.coal
Charcoalcharcoal coalsitem.minecraft.charcoal

Bedrock Edition:

NameNamespaced IDNumeric ID Translation key
Coalcoal 263item.coal.name
item.charcoal.name

Item data[edit]

In Bedrock Edition coal uses the following data values:

DV Description
0 Coal
1 Charcoal

Achievements[edit]

Icon Achievement In-game description Actual requirements (if different) Gamerscore earned Trophy type (PS)
Renewable EnergySmelt wood trunks using charcoal to make more charcoal.Smelt a wooden log with charcoal as the fuel.10GBronze

History[edit]

Java Edition Classic
May 21, 2009Notch shows interest in adding coal, commenting that it might be combined with iron ore to make steel.
Java Edition Indev
0.31January 28, 2010Coal JE1.png Added coal.
Mining coal ore blocks drops 2-5 pieces of coal.
January 29, 2010Coal can be used to craft torches.
?Mining coal ore now drops 1 piece of coal (down from 2-5).
February 19, 2010Coal JE2 BE1.png The texture of coal has now been changed.
Java Edition Beta
December 25, 2010Charcoal is suggested to Notch by @Moleculor on Twitter as a writing implement.
1.2Coal JE2 BE1.png Added charcoal, with the same texture as coal.
Charcoal is not used as a writing implement.
1.8Pre-releaseCoal can now be found in the new abandoned mineshaft chests and stronghold storeroom chests.
Java Edition
1.0.0?Coal can be now obtained by smelting coal ore.
1.2.112w04aCoal and charcoal are now used to craft fire charges.
1.3.112w21aBlacksmith and butcher villagers now buy 16–23 of either coal or charcoal for 1 emerald.
1.3Coal JE3 BE2.png Coal JE3 BE2.png The texture of coal and charcoal have been changed.
1.4.212w36aCoal is now dropped by wither skeletons, making it renewable.
1.6.113w18aCoal can now be used to craft coal blocks.
13w19aCharcoal JE3 BE3.png The texture of charcoal has now been changed.
1.814w02aFisherman, armorer, tool smith, weapon smith and butcher villagers now buy 16–24 coal for 1 emerald.
Charcoal can no longer be traded from villagers.
1.915w43aCoal may now be found in igloo basement chests.
15w44aThe average yield of coal from mineshaft chests has now been decreased, and added to dungeon chests.
1.1116w39aCoal can now be found in the new woodland mansion chests.
1.1317w47aThe different data values for the coal ID have now been split up into their own IDs.
Prior to The Flattening, this item's numeral ID was 263.
18w09aCoal can now be found in the loot chests of underwater ruins.
18w11aCoal now generates in shipwreck chests.
1.1418w43aCoal JE4 BE3.png Charcoal JE4 BE4.png The textures of coal and charcoal have now been changed.
19w02aCoal and charcoal can now be used to craft campfires. Destroying a campfire returns 2 charcoal.
Pocket Edition Alpha
0.3.0Coal JE2 BE1.png Added coal.
Coal can be used to craft torches.
0.3.2Coal JE2 BE1.png Added charcoal, with the same texture as coal.
0.8.0build 2Coal JE3 BE2.png Coal JE3 BE2.png The texture of coal and charcoal have been changed.
Coal can now be crafted to make a block of coal.
0.8.1Charcoal JE3 BE3.png The texture of charcoal has now been changed.
0.12.1build 1Coal is now dropped by wither skeletons.
0.14.0build 1Coal can now be found inside chest minecarts in abandoned mineshafts.
0.15.0build 1Coal and charcoal are now used to craft fire charges.
Pocket Edition
1.0.0alpha 0.17.0.1Coal can now be found in the stronghold storeroom chests.
Coal may now be found in igloo basement chests.
1.0.4alpha 1.0.4.0Fisherman, armorer, toolsmith, weaponsmith and butcher villagers now buy 16–24 coal for 1 emerald.
1.1.0alpha 1.1.0.0Coal is now found in woodland mansion chests.
Bedrock Edition
1.4.0beta 1.2.13.8Added stripped log variants, which can be smelted to obtain charcoal.
beta 1.2.14.2Coal can now be found inside shipwreck chests.
beta 1.2.20.1Coal can now be found inside underwater ruins chests.
Charcoal now can be crafted using 7 Carbon, 4 Hydrogen, and an Oxygen in a compound creator.
Charcoal can now be used in the lab table to create a heat block.
1.10.0beta 1.10.0.3Coal and charcoal can now be used to craft campfires. Destroying a campfire returns 2 charcoal.
Coal JE4 BE3.png Charcoal JE4 BE4.png The textures of coal and charcoal have now been changed.
1.11.0beta 1.11.0.1Coal can now be found in snowy tundra village house chests and in village butcher and toolsmith chests.
beta 1.11.0.4Armorer, weaponsmith, toolsmith, and butcher villagers now buy 15 coal for an emerald.
Fishermen villagers now have a 50% chance to buy 10 coal for an emerald as part of their first tier trade.
1.16.0beta 1.16.0.51Coal and charcoal are now used to craft soul fire torches.
Legacy Console Edition
TU1CU11.0Patch 11.0.1Coal JE2 BE1.png Coal JE2 BE1.png Added coal and charcoal.
?Coal JE3 BE2.png Charcoal JE3 BE3.png The texture of coal and charcoal has now been changed.
1.90Coal JE4 BE3.png Charcoal JE4 BE4.png The textures of coal and charcoal have now been changed.
New Nintendo 3DS Edition
0.1.0Coal JE3 BE2.png Charcoal JE3 BE3.png Added coal and charcoal.

Issues[edit]

Issues relating to "Coal" or "Charcoal" are maintained on the bug tracker. Report issues there.