Coal

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This article is about the item. For the ore, see Coal Ore. For the mineral block, see Block of Coal. For the smelted wood, see Charcoal.
Coal
Coal JE4 BE3.png
Rarity color

Common

Renewable

Yes

Stackable

Yes (64)

Coal is an item mainly obtained by harvesting coal ore blocks. It is used as fuel, for crafting torches and campfires, or for trading with villagers. Coal and charcoal cannot stack together.

Obtaining[edit]

Natural generation[edit]

Item Structure Container Quantity Chance
Java Edition
Coal Dungeon Chest 1–4 26.6%
Mineshaft Chest 3–8 31.6%
Igloo Chest 1–4 70.4%
Shipwreck Supply chest 2–8 40%
Stronghold Storeroom chest 3–8 34.3%
Underwater ruins Small ruins chest 1–4 84.2%
Big ruins chest 1–4 81%
Village Butcher's chest 1–3 27.9%
Toolsmith's chest 1–3 9.9%
Fisherman's chest 1–3 43%
Snowy house chest 1–4 41.2%
Woodland mansion Chest 1–4 26.6%
Bedrock Edition
Coal Dungeon Chest 1–4 26.6%
Mineshaft Chest 3–8 31.6%
Igloo Chest 1–4 70.4%
Shipwreck Supply chest 2–8 40%
Stronghold Storeroom chest 3–8 28.5%
Underwater ruins Big ruins chest 1–4 81%
Small ruins chest 1–4 84.2%
Village Snowy house chest 1–4 41.2%
Toolsmith's chest 1–3 9.9%
Butcher's chest 1–3 27.9%
Woodland mansion Chest 1–4 26.6%

Breaking[edit]

Coal ore mined using a pickaxe drops 1 unit of coal. If the pickaxe is enchanted with Fortune, it may drop an extra unit per level of Fortune, up to a maximum of 4 with Fortune III.

Mob loot[edit]

Wither skeletons have a 13 chance of dropping a single coal upon death. The maximum amount of coal is increased by 1 per level of Looting. The chance of a wither skeleton not dropping any coal can be found using the formula 2 / (Looting Level + 3). For example, Looting III gives a 13 chance of not dropping any coal. All other amounts have an equal chance of occurring.

Crafting[edit]

Name Ingredients Crafting recipe
Coal Block of Coal

9

Smelting[edit]

Ingredients Smelting recipe
Coal Ore +
Any fuel


0.1

Usage[edit]

Crafting ingredient[edit]

Name Ingredients Crafting recipe Description
Block of Coal Coal

Campfire Stick +
Coal +
Any Log or Stem or
Any Stripped Log or Stem or
Any Wood or Hyphae or
Any Stripped Wood or Hyphae

Fire Charge Blaze Powder +
Coal +
Gunpowder
Gunpowder Coal +
Sulfur +
Bone Meal
[Bedrock and Education editions only]
Soul Torch Coal +
Stick +
Soul Soil or
Soul Sand
Torch Coal +
Stick
Torch Coal +
Stick

Fuel[edit]

When used in a furnace as a fuel, a piece of coal lasts 80 seconds (smelting up to 8 items), like charcoal. Coal used as fuel lasts more than 5 times longer than wood planks or wood logs used as fuel, being more efficient than any other use of wood for smelting in Java Edition, but outstripped by wooden slabs in Bedrock.

Coal and charcoal are also the only fuels accepted by powered minecarts. They provide approximately four minutes of transit each.

Trading[edit]

Novice-level fisherman villagers have a 50% chance to buy 10 coal for an emerald.

In Java Edition, novice-level armorer and toolsmith villagers have a 40% chance of offering to buy 15 coal for one emerald. Novice-level weaponsmith villagers and apprentice-level butcher villagers have 23 chance of offering to buy 15 coal for one emerald.

In Bedrock Edition, novice-level armorer, toolsmith, and weaponsmith villagers and apprentice-level butcher villagers buy 15 coal for an emerald.

Data values[edit]

ID[edit]

Java Edition:

NameNamespaced IDItem tags (JE)Translation key
Coalcoal coalsitem.minecraft.coal

Bedrock Edition: [until BE 1.16.100]

NameNamespaced IDNumeric ID Translation key
Coalcoal 263item.coal.name
item.charcoal.name

[upcoming: BE 1.16.100]

NameNamespaced IDAlias ID (BE)Numeric ID Translation key
Coalcoal None263item.coal.name
Charcoalcharcoal coal / 1263item.charcoal.name

Item data[edit]

In Bedrock Edition coal uses the following data values:

DV Description
0 Coal
1 Charcoal

Achievements[edit]

Icon Achievement In-game description Actual requirements (if different) Gamerscore earned Trophy type (PS)
Renewable Energy.pngRenewable EnergySmelt wood trunks using charcoal to make more charcoal.Smelt a wooden log with charcoal as the fuel.10GBronze

History[edit]

Java Edition Classic
May 21, 2009Notch shows interest in adding coal, commenting that it might be combined with iron ore to make steel.
Java Edition Indev
0.31January 28, 2010Coal JE1.png Added coal.
Mining coal ore blocks drops 2-5 pieces of coal.
January 29, 2010Coal can be used to craft torches.
?Mining coal ore now drops 1 piece of coal (down from 2-5).
February 19, 2010Coal JE2 BE1.png The texture of coal has been changed.
Java Edition Beta
1.8Pre-releaseCoal can now be found in the new abandoned mineshaft chests and stronghold storeroom chests.
Java Edition
1.0.0?Coal can be now obtained by smelting coal ore.
1.2.112w04aCoal and charcoal are now used to craft fire charges.
1.3.112w21aBlacksmith and butcher villagers now buy 16–23 of either coal or charcoal for 1 emerald.
1.3Coal JE3 BE2.png Coal JE3 BE2.png The texture of coal and charcoal have been changed.
1.4.212w36aCoal is now dropped by wither skeletons, making it renewable.
1.6.113w18aCoal can now be used to craft coal blocks.
1.814w02aFisherman, armorer, tool smith, weapon smith and butcher villagers now buy 16–24 coal for 1 emerald.
1.915w43aCoal may now be found in igloo basement chests.
15w44aThe average yield of coal from mineshaft chests has been decreased, and added to dungeon chests.
1.1116w39aCoal can now be found in the new woodland mansion chests.
1.1317w47aThe different data values for the coal ID have been split up into their own IDs.
Prior to The Flattening, this item's numeral ID was 263.
18w09aCoal can now be found in the loot chests of underwater ruins.
18w11aCoal now generates in shipwreck chests.
1.1418w43aCoal JE4 BE3.png Charcoal JE4 BE4.png The textures of coal and charcoal have been changed.
19w02aCoal and charcoal can now be used to craft campfires. Destroying a campfire returns 2 charcoal.
Pocket Edition Alpha
0.3.0Coal JE2 BE1.png Added coal.
Coal can be used to craft torches.
0.8.0build 2Coal JE3 BE2.png Coal JE3 BE2.png The texture of coal and charcoal have been changed.
Coal can now be crafted to make a block of coal.
0.12.1build 1Coal is now dropped by wither skeletons.
0.14.0build 1Coal can now be found inside chest minecarts in abandoned mineshafts.
0.15.0build 1Coal and charcoal are now used to craft fire charges.
Pocket Edition
1.0.0alpha 0.17.0.1Coal can now be found in the stronghold storeroom chests.
Coal may now be found in igloo basement chests.
1.0.4alpha 1.0.4.0Fisherman, armorer, toolsmith, weaponsmith and butcher villagers now buy 16–24 coal for 1 emerald.
1.1.0alpha 1.1.0.0Coal is now found in woodland mansion chests.
Bedrock Edition
beta 1.2.14.2Coal can now be found inside shipwreck chests.
beta 1.2.20.1Coal can now be found inside underwater ruins chests.
1.10.0beta 1.10.0.3Coal and charcoal can now be used to craft campfires. Destroying a campfire returns 2 charcoal.
Coal JE4 BE3.png Charcoal JE4 BE4.png The textures of coal and charcoal have been changed.
1.11.0beta 1.11.0.1Coal can now be found in snowy tundra village house chests and in village butcher and toolsmith chests.
beta 1.11.0.4Armorer, weaponsmith, toolsmith, and butcher villagers now buy 15 coal for an emerald.
Fishermen villagers now have a 50% chance to buy 10 coal for an emerald as part of their first tier trade.
1.16.0beta 1.16.0.51Coal and charcoal are now used to craft soul fire torches.
Legacy Console Edition
TU1CU1 1.0 Patch 11.0.1Coal JE2 BE1.png Coal JE2 BE1.png Added coal and charcoal.
?Coal JE3 BE2.png Charcoal JE3 BE3.png The texture of coal and charcoal has been changed.
1.90 Coal JE4 BE3.png Charcoal JE4 BE4.png The textures of coal and charcoal have been changed.
New Nintendo 3DS Edition
0.1.0Coal JE3 BE2.png Charcoal JE3 BE3.png Added coal and charcoal.

Issues[edit]

Issues relating to "Coal" are maintained on the bug tracker. Report issues there.