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Raw materials




Yes (64)

First appearances

See History


See Data values

Coal lumps are items mainly obtained by harvesting coal ore blocks. Their main uses are as a fuel or crafting torches.

Charcoal is an alternative to coal obtained from smelting logs or wood. It has the same uses as normal coal, except it cannot be traded with villagers or crafted into a block of coal. Coal and charcoal also cannot stack together.


The main difference between coal and charcoal is in the methods of obtaining.


Coal ore mined using a pickaxe will drop 1 unit of coal. If the pickaxe is enchanted with Fortune, it may drop an extra unit per level of Fortune, up to a maximum of 4 with Fortune III.


Name Ingredients Crafting recipe
Coal Block of Coal


Compound creation[edit]

Charcoal can be created from its base elements, using the compound creator.[Bedrock and Education editions only]

Name Elements Example recipe
Charcoal 7 Carbon
4 Hydrogen
1 Oxygen


Name Ingredients Smelting recipe
Coal Coal Ore +
Any fuel

Charcoal Any Log or
Any Stripped Log or
Any Wood or
Any Stripped Wood +
Any fuel

Wither Skeletons[edit]

A wither skeleton have a 13 chance of dropping a coal lump upon death, and amounts and chances increases by the Looting enchantment.

Natural generation[edit]

Coal can be found in 81.0% of big underwater ruins chests, 26.6% of dungeon chests, 70.4% of igloo chests, 84.2% of small underwater ruins chests, and 26.6% of woodland mansion chests, all in stacks of 1–4; in 45.4% of shipwreck supply chests in stacks of 2–8; and in 34.3% of stronghold storeroom chests and 31.6% of chest minecarts in abandoned mineshafts in stacks of 3–8.

In Bedrock Edition they can be found in 28.5% of stronghold storeroom chests in stacks of 3–8.


Crafting ingredient[edit]

Name Ingredients Crafting recipe
Block of Coal Coal

Fire Charge Blaze Powder +
Coal or
Charcoal +
Torch Coal or
Charcoal +

Lab table ingredient[edit]

Charcoal is one of the lab table ingredients needed to produce the heat block.[Bedrock and Education editions only]

Result Materials Needed
Heat Block
Heat Block

Iron, Water, Charcoal, Salt


When used in a furnace as a fuel, a coal lump or piece of charcoal lasts 80 seconds (which smelts up to 8 items). Coal/charcoal used as fuel lasts more than 5 times longer than wood planks or wood logs used as fuel.

Coal and charcoal are also the only fuels accepted by powered minecarts. They provide approximately four minutes of transit each.


Villager fishermen, armorers, tool smiths and weapon smiths buy 16-24 coals for one emerald as part of their first tier trades. Butchers buy 16-24 coals for one emerald as part of their second tier trades.

Data values[edit]


Java Edition:

Item ID Name



Bedrock Edition:

Item ID Name Numeral ID

coal 263


Icon Achievement In-game description Actual requirements (if different) Availability Xbox points earned Trophy type (PS)
Xbox PS Bedrock Nintendo

Renewable Energy Smelt wood trunks using charcoal to make more charcoal. Yes Yes Yes Yes 10G Bronze



May 21, 2009 Notch shows interest in adding coal, commenting that it might be combined with iron ore to make steel.
0.31 (January 29, 2010)
Added coal, which can be mined from coal ore blocks.
Coal can be used to craft torches.
February 19, 2010
Coal texture has been changed.
December 25, 2010 Charcoal is suggested to Notch by @Moleculor as a writing implement.
Charcoal has been added, with the same texture as coal. It is not used as a writing implement.
1.8 Pre-release Coal can be found in the new abandoned mineshaft chests and stronghold storeroom chests.
Official release
1.2.1 12w04a Coal and charcoal are now used to craft fire charges.
1.3.1 12w21a Blacksmith and butcher villagers will now buy 16–23 of either coal or charcoal for 1 emerald.
1.4.2 12w36a Coal is now dropped by wither skeletons, making it renewable.
1.6.1 13w18a Coal can now be used to craft coal blocks.
Changed the charcoal texture.
1.8 14w02a Fisherman, armorer, tool smith, weapon smith and butcher villagers will now buy 16–24 coal for 1 emerald.
Charcoal can now no longer be traded from villagers.
1.9 15w43a Coal may now be found in igloo basement chests.
15w44a The average yield from mineshaft chests has been decreased, and added to dungeon chests.
1.11 16w39a Coal can now be found in the new woodland mansion chests.
1.13 17w47a The different data values for the coal ID have been split up into their own IDs.
Prior to The Flattening, this item's numeral ID was 263.
18w09a Coal can now be found in the loot chests of underwater ruins.
18w11a Coal will now generate in shipwreck chests.
Pocket Edition Alpha
Added coal, which can be used to craft torches.
Added charcoal.
0.8.0 ? Coal can now be crafted to make a block of coal.
Changed the charcoal texture.
0.12.1 build 1 Coal is now dropped by wither skeletons.
0.14.0 build 1 Coal can be found inside chest minecarts in abandoned mineshafts.
0.15.0 build 1 Coal and charcoal are now used to craft fire charges.
Pocket Edition
1.0 build 1 Coal can now be found in the stronghold storeroom chests.
Coal may now be found in igloo basement chests.
1.0.4 build 1 Fisherman, armorer, tool smith, weapon smith and butcher villagers now sell 16–24 coal for 1 emerald.
1.1 build 1 Coal is now found in woodland mansion chests.
Bedrock Edition
1.2.13 build 3 Added stripped log variants, which can smelted to obtain charcoal.
1.2.14 build 1 Coal can now be found inside shipwreck chests.
1.4 build 7 Coal can now be found inside underwater ruins chests.
Charcoal now can be crafted using 7 Carbon, 4 Hydrogen, and an Oxygen in a compound creator.
Charcoal can now be used in the lab table to create a heat block.
Legacy Console Edition
TU1 CU1 1.0 Patch 1

Added coal and charcoal.
TU19 CU7 1.12
Changed charcoal texture.


Issues relating to "Coal" or "Charcoal" are maintained on the bug tracker. Report issues there.

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