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A river going through a jungle.
A river running through a badlands plateaus, with a savanna biome in the bottom right.
A warm ocean biome with a coral reef visible.
Jens Bergensten Mojang avatar.png

In case you don’t know what a "biome" is, it's a climate zone used in the game to set what kind of surface the ground has (sand? grass?), whether it should rain or snow, what trees grow there, and sometimes also what kind of animals that are allowed to spawn there.

Jens Bergensten[1]

Biomes are regions in a world with varying geographical features, flora, heights, temperatures, humidity ratings, and sky and foliage colors. Biomes separate every generated world into different environments, such as forests, jungles, deserts, and taigas.


The temperature influence in the shades of green for the grass, and of blue for the water

Biomes have a temperature value that determines if it snows, rains, or does not have either. The required values are less than 0.15 for snow, 0.15 - 0.95 for rain, or at least 1 for neither. These values can be used to determine the heights that snow generates in different biomes. The temperature also drops 0.0016 (1625) per meter above the default sea level (Y=64), but does not change below sea level.

For example, mountains generate snow at Y=95, due to their highland climate, as their temperature value is 0.2. However, this affects only the transition from rain to snowfall. Dry biomes do not transition to rainy ones under any circumstance. For example, Savannas do not experience rain or snow due to their heat. The "sea level" setting of a customized world does not affect this.

Biomes are split into 5 categories based on their temperature: snow-covered, cold, temperate/lush, dry/warm, and neutral. They are almost always separated to prevent biomes with huge temperature differences being placed side-by-side (such as a snowy taiga next to a desert), and to allow biomes with similar temperatures to be placed next to each other more often (such as forests and swamps).


While biomes are split into 5 categories, generation of biomes between 1.7 and the current version differs somewhat from the biome categories described below. In general, land biomes generate in 3 different clusters. Cold, dry, and green biomes. Green biomes are often large, expansive, and continuous. Cold and dry biomes generate in slightly smaller clusters, but can still extend a thousand or more blocks. Cold biomes include only Snowy Tundra and Snowy Taiga. Dry biomes consist of Savannah, Plains, and Desert. Green biomes consist of Plains, Dark Forest, Birch Forest, Forest, Taiga, Swamp and Mountains. Plains biomes are somewhat unusual in that they generate in both green and dry biome clusters.

Four land biomes are rarer, Mushroom Fields generate in Ocean biomes, Badlands in dry biomes, and Jungle and Giant Tree Taiga generate in green biomes. However, Giant Tree Taiga, Jungles, and Badlands tend to be very expansive due to the rarity, and as such their variants are even more rare. These three land biomes may occasionally generate standalone separate from their parent biome clusters. In addition, an "edge" biome surrounds these three biomes. Jungle Edges separate Jungles from most other land biomes aside from regular Forest or Taiga (if bordering a Swamp the Jungle edge extends up to 3 chunks), and Desert separates Badlands from the rest of the land biomes except with Modified Badlands. Taiga and its variants surround Giant Tree Taiga in all cases except for Snowy Taiga.

The generation of Mushroom Fields uses Mushroom Fields Shore as its "technical" river biome and beach biome, but if a Deep Ocean touches a Mushroom Field biome then the Mushroom Field Shore biome doesn't generate.

The generation of Hill biomes and Modified biomes is done together when pasted onto the main biome types. Dark Forest uses Plains as its Hill biome. Plains generate groves of Forest, Forest Hills, or Flower Forest. Ocean biomes may have spots of Deep Ocean biomes within it, while Deep Ocean biomes generate sparse islands with Plains or Forest. In the case of Modified Hills, if a biome type doesn't have a Modified Hills biome, such as warm ocean, Swampland, etc, only the regular biome type generates. Since 1.13, Modified biomes conform to an entire biome or can border a river.

In the Badlands, the Badlands Plateau is the actual main biome generated with the regular badlands as the Hills biome, however, the non plateaued badlands biome generates on the edges of all types of plateaued badlands.

Rivers and beaches simply overwrite the land biome entirely.

The temperature of Ocean biomes is done completely separately from the land biome generation, meaning it is possible for a frozen ocean to generate next to a badlands biome. This was done in order to not have to change land biome generation in its entirety.

In Java Edition, the possible shapes of biomes can use only the first 24 bits of the 64-bit world seed, and biome shapes within a world seed can repeat beginning around 229 blocks from 0,0. The algorithms used to determine biome placements fail around 233 blocks, and as such, biomes can repeat every 234 blocks.

With Bedrock Edition using 32-bit seeds and a different world generation algorithm, there are few similarities between it and the 64-bit world generation. The positions of Mutated biomes, oceans (and islands), rare biomes (Jungles, Badlands, Mushroom Fields, Giant Tree Taiga), as well as specific biomes in cold or dry biome clusters, bear some geographical relationship with the equivalent positive value seed of the 64-bit generation. The biome shapes deviate significantly. The specific generation of green biomes (swamps, roofed forests, etc.) is completely different on Bedrock.

Biome types[edit]

In Java Edition, currently, there are 67 Overworld biomes, 1 Nether biome, 5 End biomes, and 2 unused biomes, with a total of 75 different biomes. In Bedrock Edition, however, there are 66 Overworld biomes, 1 Nether biome, 1 End biome, and 3 unused biomes, with a total of 71. Biomes can be distinguished by the grass, and leaf colors (water color also differ between biomes in the biome, along with the types of blocks present (e.g. types of trees or other plants like cacti, sand coverage in deserts). Biomes are pseudo-randomly generated using the map seed.

Biomes are separated into 6 temperature classes. The snowy ones have their temperature listed in purple, cold in green, temperate/lush in orange, dry/warm in red, and the end in blue. The biomes of either neutral or unknown temperature have no temperature class. Temperatures are given at sea level.

Snowy Biomes[edit]

In these biomes, it always snows instead of rains, no matter the height; all sources of water exposed to the sky are frozen over. The foliage and grass is aqua, and the water is purple.

Biome Name and ID Features Description Images

Snowy Tundra

Temperature: 0.0

Snow, Snowfall, Oak Trees[Java Edition only], Ice, Spruce Trees, Igloos, Strays, White and some Black & White Rabbits, Polar Bears, Occasional Tall Grass, Villages, Pillager outposts Occasional patrols[Java Edition only]

An expansive, flat biome with a huge amount of snow. Sugar cane generates in this biome, but can become uprooted when chunks load as the water sources freeze to ice. There are very few natural oak‌[Java Edition only] and spruce trees in this biome. No animal mobs other than rabbits and polar bears are able to spawn, however, it is one of the few biomes where strays appear. In Bedrock Edition, this biome doesn't spawn monsters other than strays and skeletons, but spawners can still spawn monsters and zombie sieges can still occur. Due to the biome's size and scarcity of wood and animals, initial survival becomes difficult in comparison to other biomes. This is one of only two biomes where igloos naturally generate. Villages and pillager outposts may also generate here.
Snowy Tundra.png

Ice Spikes

Temperature: 0.0

Packed Ice, Ice, Snow, Snowfall, Snow Blocks, Strays, White and some Black & White Rabbits, Polar Bears, Ice Spikes

A rare variation of the Snowy Tundra biome that features large spikes and glaciers of packed ice. Usually, the spikes are 10 to 20 blocks tall, but some long, thin spikes can reach over 50 blocks in height. Almost all grass blocks in this biome are replaced with blocks of snow but occasional grass blocks can be found in hollows and under overhangs. Tall grass is very rare. Like the regular snowy tundra, no animal mobs other than rabbits and polar bears are able to spawn and strays appear at night.
Ice Spikes.png

Snowy Taiga

Temperature: -0.5

Snow, Snowfall, Ice, Spruce Trees, Flowers, Wolves, White and some Black & White Rabbits, Foxes, Igloos, Villages[Bedrock Edition only], Pillager outposts, Sweet berry bushes

Much like the regular Taiga, the Snowy Taiga is a relatively flat biome with large expanses of spruce trees, ferns, and their taller variants, generate here commonly, although tall grass can still be found. It is one of the few places where wolves and foxes spawn naturally. One may also find an igloo nestled between the trees, making it one of only two biomes where igloos naturally generate. Villages‌[BE only] and outposts may also generate here. Villages use the same architecture as taiga villages but the villagers wear snowy biome outfits.
Snowy Taiga.png

Snowy Taiga Mountains

Temperature: -0.5

Spruce Trees, Snow, Snowfall, Ferns, Wolves, Sweet berry bushes, Foxes, White and some Black & White Rabbits

The Snowy Taiga Mountains are not nearly as flat as their regular counterpart. Compared to the regular Taiga Mountains, the mountains found in this biome are much steeper and more erratic. These large height differences make navigating the snowy taiga mountains biome quite dangerous. Also unlike their normal variant, igloos, villages and outposts do not generate here.
Snowy Taiga Mountains.png

Frozen River

Temperature: 0.0

Ice, Water, Sand, Clay, Seagrass, Rabbit, Polar Bear, Salmon, Drowned, Stray

A river with a layer of ice covering its surface. It generates only when a River biome enters or meets a Snowy Tundra. Salmon spawn underwater while rabbits and polar bears spawn on ice. At night, Drowned can spawn below the ice with Strays on the surface. No other monsters can spawn here, even underground, except in a spawner.
Frozen River.png

Snowy Beach

Temperature: 0.05

Sand, Snow, Snowfall, Ice, Buried Treasure, Shipwreck, rabbit

Like a regular beach, one can find plenty of sand in this biome and buried treasure can be found. However, sand is covered in a layer of snow. Snowy beaches are often found when a snowy biome borders an ocean biome. No passive mobs other than rabbits spawn in this biome.
Snowy Beach.png

Cold biomes[edit]

In these biomes, it begins to snow above y=90 in mountains and stone shore, above y=120 in taiga and giant spruce taiga, and above y=150 in giant tree taiga. Otherwise, it rains. Foliage is aqua, with the water being indigo.

Biome Name and ID Features Description Images


Temperature: 0.2

Oak Trees[JE only], Spruce Trees, Gravel, Flowers, Emerald Ore, Infested Stone, Llamas

A highland biome (with some mountaintops reaching y=130 or even higher‌[JE only]) with a few scattered oak and spruce trees.‌[JE only] Cliffs, peaks, valleys, waterfalls, overhangs, floating islands, caverns, and many other structures exist here, offering outstanding views. This is one of the few biomes where llamas spawn naturally. Snowfall also occurs above certain heights, thus creating "snow caps" on the top of the mountains. Falling is a significant risk, as there are many steep ledges large enough to cause severe fall damage or even death. Mountains are the only biomes where emerald ore and silverfish can be found naturally.

Gravelly Mountains

Temperature: 0.2

Spruce Trees[JE only], Oak Trees[JE only], Gravel, Llama, Emerald ore, Infested stone, Snow

The mountains in this biome are slightly higher than in their regular counterpart, many of which reach into the clouds and are covered by snow peaks. The terrain is mainly composed of gravel, with small patches of grass here and there. Due to the low amount of grass, the population of spruce and oak trees in this biome is sparse.‌[JE only] When generating alongside an Ocean Biome, it can generate beaches.
Gravelly Mountains.png

Wooded Mountains

Temperature: 0.2

Stone, Dirt, Llama, Emerald ore, Infested stone, Spruce Trees, Oak Trees

This biome, usually found in the middle of regular mountains biome, generates much taller mountains, most of which are covered by snow. The slopes are quite steep, which makes scaling these mountains difficult and dangerous. The peaks feature much more grass and spruce trees than the Gravelly Mountains, usually forming a small forest at the top.
Wooded Mountains.png

Gravelly Mountains+

Temperature: 0.2

Spruce Trees, Oak Trees, Gravel, Llama, Emerald ore, Infested stone, Grass

This variant of the Wooded Mountains biome removes its signature spruce tree covered peaks in favor of terrain covered mostly by gravel and stone, similar to the Gravely Mountains biome. Larger, deeper valleys are carved into the relatively barren landscape - only a few isolated trees can be found here. Just like the Gravelly Mountains Biome, when generating alongside an ocean biome, beaches generate.
Gravelly Mountains Plus.png


Temperature: 0.25

Spruce Trees, Flowers, Fern, Wolves, Brown, salt & pepper and black rabbits, Villages, Pillager outposts, Foxes, Sweet berry bushes,

A predominantly flat biome covered by a forest of spruce trees. Ferns and large ferns grow commonly on the forest floor. One may find packs of wolves here, along with small groups of foxes or rabbits. Villages may generate in this biome; naturally, the houses in these villages are built of spruce wood. Pillager outposts may also generate here. Taiga.png

Taiga Mountains

Temperature: 0.25

Spruce Trees, Flowers, Ferns, Sheep, Brown, salt & pepper and black rabbits, Sweet berry bushes, Foxes

The Taiga Mountains biome also features large spruce forests, but these forests are overlayed onto mountainous terrain. Unlike Taiga Hills, these mountains tend to be larger and more difficult to climb. Perhaps owing to the rough nature of this biome, no villages nor outposts can be found here.
Taiga Mountains.png

Giant Tree Taiga

Temperature: 0.3

Spruce Trees, Podzol, Ferns, Wolves[JE only], Brown, salt & pepper and black rabbits[JE only], Foxes, Mossy Cobblestone, Mushrooms, Dirt, Coarse Dirt, Dead Bush

The Giant Tree Taiga is a rare biome composed of spruce trees, much like the standard Taiga biome. However, some trees are 2×2 thick and very tall, akin to large jungle trees. Mossy cobblestone boulders appear frequently, brown mushrooms are common, and podzol can be found on the forest floor. There are also patches of coarse dirt that do not grow grass, with some dead bushes. Wolves may also spawn here, as they do in normal Taiga biomes.‌[JE only]. Foxes may also spawn here.
Giant Tree Taiga.png

Giant Spruce Taiga

Temperature: 0.25

Spruce Trees, Podzol, Ferns, Grass, Foxes, Mossy Cobblestone, Mushrooms, Dirt

The terrain in this rare biome is almost exactly the same as in its regular counterpart. However, the most striking feature of this biome is its giant spruce trees, which are essentially a scaled-up version of regular spruce trees. One can easily differentiate this from a normal Giant Tree Taiga by observing how the leaves almost completely cover the tree trunks, whereas, in normal Giant Tree Taigas, leaves tend to cover only the top.
Giant Spruce Taiga.png

Stone Shore

Temperature: 0.2

Stone, Gravel, Water, Buried Treasure

True to its name, this stone-covered biome often appears where mountain biomes meet the ocean. Depending on the height of the nearby land, Stone Shores may generate as medium slopes or huge cliffs, its tops tall enough to be covered by snow. No passive mobs spawn here. Buried treasure can generate here.
Stone Shore.png

Temperate/Lush Biomes[edit]

In these verdant biomes, it begins snowing over the 256 block height limit (meaning, snow does not generate naturally). Otherwise, it rains. The foliage and grass is a vibrant light green, except for swamps and dark forests, which have dark green grass. Rivers are also exempt from this, as they have a dull green-blue hue. The water is blue in this biome.

Biome Name and ID Features Description Images


Temperature: 0.8

Tall Grass, Grass, Flowers, Villages, Horses, Donkeys, Pillager outposts, Oak Trees, Bee Nest

A relatively flat and grassy biome with rolling hills and few trees. Lakes, water holes, and villages are common. Cave openings and water or lava springs are easily identifiable due to the flat unobstructed terrain. Passive mobs spawn often in Plains biomes; this biome and its variants are also one of the only biomes where horses spawn naturally. Pillager outposts can also generate here. Plains.png

Sunflower Plains

Temperature: 0.8

Grass, Sunflowers, Flowers, Donkeys, Villages[BE only], Pillager Outposts[BE only], Horses, Oak Trees, Bee Nest

Usually found within normal plains, this biome is the only place where sunflowers naturally generate, hence the name. They grow in abundance, making yellow dye a widely available resource. Villages and outposts do not generate in this biome.‌[Java Edition only] There are no other notable terrain differences from the normal Plains biome. Sunflower Plains.png


Temperature: 0.7

Oak and Birch Trees, Flowers, Wolves[JE only], Mushrooms

A biome with a lot of oak and birch trees, occasional hills, and a fair amount of tall grass. Mushrooms and flowers can occasionally be found here. This is one of the most preferred biomes to start out in, due to the abundance of wood. However, the frequency of trees also makes it dangerous to navigate at night, due to the trees obscuring vision. Forest biomes are also one of the smallest biomes. Forest.png

Flower Forest

Temperature: 0.7

Flowers, Trees, Brown, salt & pepper and black rabbits, Bee Nest

This Forest variant has fewer trees, but more than makes up for it - it is almost overflowing with nearly every type of flower and tall plant in the game, several of which grow only in this biome. Therefore, this biome is optimal for harvesting and farming dyes. Wolves do not spawn in the flower forest, although rabbits spawn occasionally. Flower Forest.png

Birch Forest

Temperature: 0.6

Birch Trees, Flowers

A forest where only birch trees generate. Unlike in the regular Forest, no wolves spawn in this biome. Birch Forest.png

Tall Birch Forest

Temperature: 0.7

Tall Birch Trees, Flowers

Birch trees grow much taller than usual in this uncommon variant of the Birch Forest biome. Whereas normal birch trees grow up to 7 blocks tall, these trees usually are 11 blocks in height. This makes deforestation a much more difficult task, although it provides the player with far more resources. Additionally, the terrain in this biome is much rougher and more erratic than birch forest hills. Tall Birch Forest.png

Dark Forest

Temperature: 0.7

Dark Oak trees, Huge Mushrooms, Mushrooms, Rose Bushes, Woodland Mansions

This biome is composed of dark oak trees, a mostly closed roof of leaves, and occasional large mushrooms. Trees in this forest are so packed together, that at some spots it may be dark enough for hostile mobs to spawn, even during the day. On very rare occasions, a woodland mansion may spawn. Therefore, the Dark Forest is the only biome in which the woodland mansions can be found. Dark Forest.png

Dark Forest Hills

Temperature: 0.7

Dark Oak Trees, Huge Mushrooms, Woodland Mansions

A variant of the Dark Forest where large hills dominate the canopy. While increased light in the forest means slightly fewer mobs, the steep cliffs lining this biome still make it dangerous to navigate on foot. Dark Forest Hills.png


Temperature: 0.8

Swamp Huts, Oak Trees, Grass, Vines, Lily Pads, Clay, Mushrooms, Salmon, Slimes, Huge Mushrooms[Bedrock Edition only], Fossils, Seagrass

A biome characterized by a mix of flat, dry areas around sea level and shallow pools of gray-green water with floating lily pads. Clay, sand, and dirt are commonly found at the bottom of these pools. Trees are covered with dark green vines and can be found growing out from the water. Mushrooms and sugar canes are very abundant. Witch Huts generate exclusively in swamps. Slimes also spawn naturally at night, most commonly on full moons. Some zombies may end up underwater, which can transform them into drowned (possibly holding a trident‌[BE only]) making this an especially dangerous biome at night. Temperature varies within the biome, causing foliage and grass colors to vary.

In Bedrock Edition, huge mushrooms also spawn in this biome. Visibility is also lower when the player is underwater.

Swamp.pngSwamp BE.jpg

Swamp Hills

Temperature: 0.8

Oak Trees, Vines, Lilypads, Huge Mushrooms[Bedrock Edition only], Water, Swamp huts[Bedrock Edition only], Fossils

This rare biome has areas where small hills rise in slopes of varying degrees, surrounded by flatter marshes. Beaches generate when this biome borders an ocean biome. In Java Edition, Swamp huts do not generate in this biome, unlike the normal Swamp. Swamp Hills.png


Temperature: 0.95

Jungle Trees, Oak Trees, Jungle Pyramids, Ferns, Melons, Flowers, Vines, Cocoa Pods, Ocelots, Parrots, Bamboos Pandas[BE only]

A very dense, but rather uncommon tropical biome. It features large jungle trees that can reach up to 31 blocks tall with 2×2 thick trunks. Oak trees are also common. The landscape is lush green and quite hilly, with many small lakes often nestled into deep valleys, sometimes above sea level. Leaves cover much of the forest floor—these "bush trees" have single-blocks of jungle wood for trunks, surrounded by oak leaves‌[JE only]/jungle leaves‌[BE only]. When inside a jungle, the sky becomes noticeably lighter. Vines are found alongside most blocks and may cover the surface of caves. Ocelots, jungle pyramid, melons, cocoa, pandas,‌[Bedrock Edition only] and parrots exclusively spawn in this biome. Melons occasionally generate in small patches, similar to pumpkins, but are more common. Jungle.png

Modified Jungle

Temperature: 0.95

Jungle Trees, Oak Trees, Ferns, Melons, Flowers, Vines, Cocoa Pods, Ocelots, Parrots, Bamboos Pandas[BE only]

Much more mountainous version of the normal Jungle, with foliage so thick that the ground is barely visible. A very resource-demanding biome. One may confuse this with the Jungle Hills, but the hills in the Modified Jungle biome tends to be sharper and more erratic. Due to the combined height of the terrain and of the tall jungle trees, trees in this jungle frequently reach into and go above the clouds. Extremely dense foliage and treacherous terrain make this a very difficult biome to navigate, especially at night. Modified Jungle.png

Jungle Edge

Temperature: 0.95

Jungle Trees, Oak Trees, Ferns, Melons, Flowers, Vines, Cocoa Pods, Ocelots, Parrots, Bamboos Pandas[BE only]

This biome represents a smooth transition between jungles and other biomes. In stark contrast to the wild and overgrown vegetation of the jungle biomes, the jungle edge consists of a few small and isolated jungle trees, with patches of melons here and there. The terrain is relatively flat, with some small rises in elevation. All mobs that spawn in the Jungle, including parrots, ocelots, and pandas‌[Bedrock Edition only], also spawn in the Jungle Edge. Jungle Edge.png

Modified Jungle Edge

Temperature: 0.95

Jungle Trees, Oak Trees, Ferns, Melons, Flowers, Vines, Cocoa Pods, Ocelots, Parrots, Bamboos Pandas[BE only]

The terrain in this biome is a slightly more hilly and rugged version of the normal Jungle Edge, though some large and flat sections of it are often hard to distinguish from its standard variant. Modified Jungle Edge is the rarest biome in the game and usually generates only when Modified Jungle biomes meet Swamp Hills biomes. The result is a two-layer transition zone that includes a Modified Jungle Edge along the side of the Modified Jungle, and a thin border of normal Jungle Edge on the side of the Swamp Hills. Since Modified Jungles and Swamp Hills are both already rare biomes, in addition to the fact that Modified Jungles are less likely to spawn on the outside edges of jungle biome groups, the Modified Jungle Edge biome is an extremely rare occurrence. The strict conditions that are needed for its generation also make it a very small biome when it does occur, usually no longer than 150 blocks on its long side and with less than that for width. Modified Jungle Edge.png

Bamboo Jungle

Temperature: 0.95

Jungle Trees, Oak Trees, Podzols, Vines, Ocelots, Jungle Pyramids[Java Edition only], Melons, Parrots, Bamboos, Pandas

The terrain in this biome is covered by grass with some patches of podzol and unlike the normal Jungle, bushes still generate but do not cover the floor. Additionally, only large jungle trees can generate here along with large or balloon oak trees. The density of trees in this biome is much less compared to jungle edge, but massive amounts of bamboo shoots generate covering this biome. Jungle exclusive mobs such as ocelots and parrots can spawn in here. Panda exclusively spawn in this biome‌[Java Edition only] or have a much higher spawn rate than in regular jungle.‌[Bedrock Edition only] Jungle pyramids can also generate.‌[Java Edition only] Bamboo Jungle.png


Temperature: 0.5

Water, Sand, Clay, Sugar Cane, Seagrass, Salmon, Squid, Drowned

A biome that consists of water blocks that form an elongated, curving shape similar to a real river. Unlike real rivers, however, they have no current. Rivers cut through terrain or separate the main biomes. They attempt to join up with Ocean biomes, but sometimes loop around to the same area of ocean. Rarely, they can have no connection to an ocean, instead of forming a loop. They have a dull grass green hue, much like the ocean, and trace amounts of oak trees tend to generate there as well. Rivers are also a reliable source of clay. These biomes are good for fishing, but drowned can spawn at night. Mobs other than salmon, squid and drowned cannot spawn in this biome, even underground, except in a spawner. River.png


Temperature: 0.8

Sand, Gravel, Water, Sugar Cane, Turtles, Buried Treasure, Shipwreck

Generated where oceans meet other biomes, beaches are primarily composed of sand. Beaches penetrate the landscape, removing the original blocks and placing in sand blocks. These are also useful for fishing. Passive mobs other than turtles do not spawn on beaches. For the history of beaches, see the Beach page. Beach.png

Mushroom Fields

Temperature: 0.9

Mushrooms, Huge Mushrooms, Mycelium, Mooshrooms, No Hostile Mobs

This rare biome consists of a mixture of flat landscape and steep hills and has mycelium instead of grass as its surface. However, if you place grass, it is a very bright green color, even brighter than in the Jungle. Mushroom fields are most often adjacent to an ocean and are usually found isolated from other biomes, and they are typically a few hundred blocks wide. It is one of the only biomes where huge mushrooms can generate naturally, and where mushrooms can grow in full sunlight.

No mobs other than mooshrooms spawn naturally in this biome, including the usual night-time hostile mobs. This also applies to caves, mineshafts, and other dark structures, meaning exploring underground is safe. However, mob spawners still spawn mobs, Wandering traders along with their llamas can spawn, raids can still spawn Illagers, and the player can still breed animals and spawn mobs using eggs.

Mushroom Fields.png

Mushroom Field Shore

Temperature: 0.9

Mushrooms, Huge Mushrooms, Mycelium, Mooshrooms, Buried Treasure, Shipwreck, No Hostile Mobs

Mushroom Field Shores represent the transition between mushroom fields and the ocean, forming long strips between the biomes as a "beach", hence the name. However, it does not generate if the ocean biome is a Deep Ocean. This biome also generates when a river meets a Mushroom Fields biome, similar to what Frozen Rivers do in Snowy Tundras. The terrain of this biome is much more flat and shallow than the main Mushroom Fields biome, though it contains many of the same features, such as a mycelium surface layer, huge mushrooms, and lack of hostile mobs, but shipwrecks and buried treasure can generate here. Mushroom Field Shore.png

The End Biomes[edit]

The End is considered a different dimension. The water is lilac.

The End

Temperature: 0.5

End Stone, Endermen, Obsidian, End Crystals, Ender Dragon, End gateway portal, Void

This biome is used to generate the circle of radius 1000 centered at the 0,0 coordinates in the End. The End central island is generated at the center of this circle, and it's surrounded by a complete vacuum all the way to the edge of the biome. Most of the End features are exclusive to that island, including the ender dragon, the obsidian pillars, the End Crystals, the 5x5 spawn platform, the exit portal and the 20 central End gateways. Large amounts of endermen spawn in this biome. It does not rain or snow in this biome unlike the other low-temperature biomes. The outer islands in the End can be accessed using the End gateway portal after the ender dragon has been defeated. If the biome is used for a superflat world, the sky appears nearly black and an ender dragon spawns at the 0,0 coordinates in the Overworld. Only endermen spawn at night.

In Bedrock Edition, this biome contains the entire End dimension.

The End.png

Small End Islands

Temperature: 0.5

End stone, Endermen, End gateway portals, Void

[Java Edition only]
Generates as part of the outer islands of the End. This biome represents the empty expanse between the larger islands, populated only by the smaller, circular islands.
Small End Islands.png

End Midlands

Temperature: 0.5

End stone, Endermen, End gateway portals, End Cities, Shulkers

[Java Edition only]
Generates as part of the outer islands of the End. This biome represents the gradual slope from the hilltops of each island down to the cliffs around the edge. End cities generate here, but chorus trees do not.
End Midlands.png

End Highlands

Temperature: 0.5

End Stone, Endermen, Chorus Plants, End Cities, Shulkers, End gateway portals

[Java Edition only]
Generates as part of the outer islands of the End. This biome represents the hilltops of each island, and is the only biome in the End where both chorus trees and end cities generate.
End Highlands.png

End Barrens

Temperature: 0.5

End stone, Endermen, End gateway portals

[Java Edition only]
Generates as part of the outer islands of the End. This biome represents the outer rims of each island, with steep cliffs below the edge. Neither end cities nor chorus trees generate in this biome.
End Barrens.png

Dry/Warm Biomes[edit]

In these biomes, it neither rains nor snows at all, but the sky still turns overcast during inclement weather. The foliage and grass is an olive tone, except badlands biomes, which have brown grass. The water is light green. As in jungle biomes, the sky becomes lighter. Additionally, a snow golem spawned or brought into one of these biomes melts unless it has the Fire Resistance effect.

Biome Name and ID Name Features Description Images


Temperature: 2.0

Sand, Cacti, Dead Bushes, Sandstone, Sugar Cane, Desert wells, Desert Pyramids, Desert Villages, Pillager Outposts, Gold Rabbits, Fossils, Husk

A barren and inhospitable biome consisting mostly of sand dunes, dead bushes, and cacti. Sandstone, and sometimes fossils, are found underneath the sand. The only passive mobs to spawn naturally in deserts are gold/creamy rabbits, their coloring well-camouflaged against the sand. At night, husks usually spawn in the place of normal zombies; the lack of visual obstruction makes hostile mobs highly visible. Sugar cane can be found if the desert is next to an ocean or river biome. Desert villages, desert wells, and desert pyramids are found exclusively in this biome. Pillager outposts can also generate here. This biome sometimes appears as a thin edge around badlands biomes.

Desert Lakes

Temperature: 2.0

Sand, Cacti, Water, Sugar Canes, Gold Rabbits, Desert well, Fossils, Husk

In this biome, unlike the normal Desert, patches of water can be found, and the terrain is slightly more rough. Although desert wells can be found, desert pyramids, villages, and outposts do not generate in this biome.
Desert Lakes.png


Temperature: 1.2

Acacia Trees, Tall Grass, Savanna Villages, Horses, Cows, Pillager Outposts, Sheep, Llamas

A relatively flat and dry biome with a dull-brown grass color and acacia trees scattered around the biome, though oak trees may generate now and then. Tall grass covers the landscape. Villages can generate in this biome, constructed of acacia wood, with some colored terracotta. Pillager outposts can also generate here. Both horses and llamas naturally spawn here.

Shattered Savanna

Temperature: 1.1

Acacia Trees, Oak Trees, Coarse Dirt, Tall Grass, Llama

Unlike the flat and calm terrain of the savanna biome, the chaotic terrain of this uncommon variant is covered in gigantic mountains covered in coarse dirt and some patch of stone. The mountains in the shattered savanna biome are extremely steep, jutting out at 90-degree angles, making it almost impossible to climb. Deep Ocean-like lakes also generate here. On top of that, they dwarf the mountains biome in height - they can rise far above the clouds, and even to the world height limit, without using the Amplified world type.‌[Java Edition only] Massive waterfalls and lavafalls are quite common here. The unforgiving terrain means villages and outposts do not generate in this biome. Surprisingly, llamas can spawn here. Shattered Savanna.png


Temperature: 2.0

Dead Bushes, Terracotta, 6 colors of Terracotta, Red Sand, Cacti, Red Sandstone[JE only], Above ground mineshafts, Gold ore

A rare biome where large mounds of terracotta and stained terracotta generate. Red sand also generates here instead of regular sand, with occasional cacti and dead bushes, and this biome is usually bordered by a desert biome. No passive mobs spawn in this biome, even if all other spawning conditions are met. Mineshafts generate at a higher altitude than normal - occasionally a player may come across a mineshaft jutting out of the Badlands. Gold ore also occurs more frequently, because ore veins generate within badlands at a higher Y-level than the usual 32. The composition of this biome is useful when other sources of terracotta and gold are scarce. However, finding badlands biomes can be difficult due to their rarity. On the other hand, it offers great variety; six variations of this biome are available to explore.


Eroded Badlands

Temperature: 2.0

Red Sand, Cacti, Red Sandstone[JE only], Dead Bushes, Terracotta 6 colors of Terracotta, Above ground mineshaft, Gold ore

This rare biome generates unique terrain features that are similar to the structures in Utah's Bryce Canyon. Tall and narrow spires of colorful terracotta rise out of the floor of the canyon, which like all other badlands variants, is covered in red sand. Deserts do not generate alongside this biome.
Eroded Badlands.png

Wooded Badlands Plateau

Temperature: 2.0

Oak trees, Dead Bushes, Dirt, Terracotta, 6 colors of Terracotta

One might not notice the difference between the normal badlands plateau and this variation, if it weren't for the layer of coarse dirt and the small forests of oak trees that generate atop these plateaus. The color of the grass and leaves is a dull green-brown hue, giving it a dried and dead appearance. These trees are a rare source of wood when living in the otherwise barren and lifeless badlands.
Wooded Badlands Plateau.png

Modified Wooded Badlands Plateau

Temperature: 2.0

Oak trees, Dead Bushes, Dirt, Terracotta, 6 colors of Terracotta

This biome features grass and oak trees on top of plateaus, much like its counterpart. However, the plateaus that generate here are generally smaller, allowing far less foliage to generate. The terrain is more erratic, and can be compared to that of the similar Modified Badlands Plateau biome, having an old and eroded appearance. Deserts do not generate alongside this biome.
Modified Wooded Badlands Plateau.png

36, 39


Badlands Plateau : 2.0
Savanna Plateau : 1.0

Savanna plateau biomes are similar to the Hills biomes, but generate only within Savanna, while badlands plateau generate as actual biomes in Badlands biomes, and are flattened at the top, much like real-life plateaus. They come to rest at an elevation of about 20 to 30 blocks above sea level. One may discover the entrance to a mineshaft within the tall slopes of a Badlands Plateau.
Badlands Plateau.pngSavanna Plateau.png

Modified Plateau(s)

164, 167


Modified Badlands Plateau : 2.0
Shattered Savanna Plateau : 1.0

Two rare variants of the plateau biomes, which are variants themselves. However, neither of these biomes closely resemble their counterparts.

Compared to the average Badlands Plateau, the Modified Badlands Plateau features more variable terrain and smaller plateaus, as if a larger plateau was weathered down over time.

The terrain of the Shattered Savanna Plateau biome is much less tame than its normal counterpart. It features incredibly large and steep mountains that jut out of the terrain, similar to the Shattered Savanna biome, albeit slightly smaller and gentler in comparison. Rain can occur in shattered savanna plateau.‌[BE only]

Modified Badlands Plateau.pngShattered Savanna Plateau.png

Nether (The Nether)

Temperature: 2.0

Netherrack, Glowstone, Soul Sand, Nether Quartz, Ghasts, Blazes, Zombie Pigmen, Nether Fortresses, Wither Skeletons, Lava, Magma cubes, Gravel, Magma Blocks

This is the biome used to generate the Nether. Within this biome spawn mobs such as ghasts, packs of zombie pigmen and the occasional magma cubes and endermen. Certain structures, such as Nether quartz, glowstone veins, and Nether fortresses generate only in the Nether. While water cannot be placed in the Nether dimension, ice can, and water lakes (and other Overworld structures) can still generate if the Nether is used in a superflat preset. Beds explode when used in this biome.

Temperature: 2.0

Netherrack, Glowstone, Soul Sand, Stone, Water, Lava, Gravel, Nether fortresses (when generated through Buffet mode)

Temperature: 2.0

Stone, Lava, Water, Bedrock, Zombie Pigman, Ghast, Magma Cube (when generated in overworld)‌[Bedrock Edition only]

Ocean Biomes[edit]

Oceans are large, open biomes made entirely of water going up to y=63, with underwater relief on the sea floor, such as small mountains and plains, usually including gravel. Oceans typically extend under 3,000 blocks in any direction; around 60% of the Overworld's surface is covered in ocean. Small islands with infrequent vegetation can be found in oceans. Passive mobs sometimes can spawn on these islands, as hostiles can. Squid spawn frequently in the water. Underwater cave entrances can be found frequently at the bottom of the ocean.

Biome Name and ID Features Description Images

Warm Ocean

Temperature: 0.5

Pufferfish, Squids, Tropical fish, Warm underwater ruins, Coral reef, Coral Blocks, Corals, Coral Fans, Sand, Sea Pickles, Seagrass, shipwrecks, Andesite[Bedrock Edition only], Granite[Bedrock Edition only], Diorite[Bedrock Edition only], Dead Coral Fans[Bedrock Edition only], Dead Coral Blocks[Bedrock Edition only], Magma Blocks

A variant of the Ocean biome, with light green water at the surface. Like the Lukewarm Ocean, it has a floor made of sand, and like all oceans, it is populated with seagrass. Unlike other ocean biomes, Warm Oceans allow for the generation of coral reefs and sea pickles, but not kelp. Warm Ocean.png

Lukewarm Ocean

Temperature: 0.5

Dolphins, Pufferfish[Java Edition only], Tropical fishes[Java Edition only], Squids, Salmon[Bedrock Edition only] Cod, warm underwater ruins, Sand, Dirt, Clay, Drowned, Kelp, Seagrass, Shipwrecks, Magma blocks

A variant of the Ocean biome, with light teal water at the surface. Its floor is made of sand with the occasional dirt or clay, and it contains kelp and seagrass. Unlike the Warm Ocean biome, cod and salmon‌[Bedrock Edition only] can spawn here. Lukewarm Ocean.png

Deep Lukewarm Ocean

Temperature: 0.5

Dolphins, Pufferfish[Java Edition only], Tropical fishes[Java Edition only], Salmon[Bedrock Edition only] Cod, warm underwater ruins, Sand, Dirt, Clay, Drowned, Squids, Kelp, Seagrass, Ocean monuments, Guardians, Elder guardians, shipwrecks, Magma Blocks

Similar to the Lukewarm Ocean biome, but twice as deep. Because they are a Deep Ocean variant, they can generate ocean monuments, resulting in the spawning of guardians, elder guardians, prismarine, and sponges. Deep Lukewarm Ocean.png


Temperature: 0.5

Water, Gravel, Squid, Sand, Seagrass, Kelp, Shipwreck, Cold Underwater ruins, Cod, Salmon[Bedrock Edition only], Drowned, Magma block

The basic Ocean biome. Like its colder variants, its floor is made up of gravel. Sea grass, kelp, cod and salmon‌[Bedrock Edition only] can spawn here.

Deep Ocean

Temperature: 0.5

Water, Gravel, Clay, Squid, Guardians, Elder Guardians, Ocean monuments, Shipwreck, Cold underwater ruins, Kelp, Seagrass, Cod, Salmon, Drowned, Magma Block

A variant of the Ocean biome. In Deep Ocean biomes, the ocean can exceed 30 blocks in depth, making it twice as deep as the normal ocean. The ground is mainly covered with gravel. Ocean monuments generate in deep oceans, meaning guardian and elder guardian can spawn here. Underwater ravines often generate here, with the top layer of lava being replaced by magma blocks that create bubble columns.
Deep Ocean.png

Cold Ocean

Temperature: 0.5

Dolphins, Cod, Salmon, Cold underwater ruins, Gravel, Kelp, Seagrass, Dirt, Sand, shipwreck, magma blocks, squids, Drowned

A variant of the Ocean biome, with dark indigo water at the surface. Like regular Oceans and Frozen Oceans, its floor is made up of gravel, though you can find some patches of dirt. Salmon are able to spawn in Cold Ocean biomes. Cold Ocean.png

Deep Cold Ocean

Temperature: 0.5

Dolphins, Cod, Salmon, Cold underwater ruins, Gravel, Kelp, Seagrass, Dirt, Sand, Ocean monuments, Guardians, Elder guardians, shipwrecks, Drowned, Squids

Similar to the Cold Ocean biome, but twice as deep. Like other Deep Oceans, ocean monuments are able to generate here, which contain guardians, elder guardians, prismarine, and sponges. Deep Cold Ocean.png

Frozen Ocean

Temperature: 0.0

Ice, Packed Ice, Blue Ice, Water, Gravel, Clay, Squid, Sand, Cod[Bedrock Edition only], Drowned, Salmon, Iceberg, Shipwreck, Cold underwater ruins, Stray, Polar Bear

A variant of the Ocean biome with dark purple water at the surface. Like the Cold Ocean, it has a gravel seabed and squid swimming about. However, the water's surface is frequently broken up by patches of ice and large icebergs, consisting of packed ice and, occasionally, blue ice. Strays and polar bears can spawn here, but dolphins do not.
Frozen Ocean.png

Deep Frozen Ocean

Temperature: 0.5

Salmon, Cold underwater ruins, Gravel, Ice[Bedrock Edition only], Packed Ice, Blue Ice, Ocean monuments, Guardians, Elder guardians, iceberg, shipwreck, Polar Bear, Stray, cod[Bedrock Edition only], drowned, squid

Like the Frozen Ocean biome, the only fish that can spawn here are salmon and cod‌[Bedrock Edition only], and the floor is made up of gravel. The Frozen Deep Ocean biome also contains ocean monuments and a deeper floor than normal Oceans, like other Deep Oceans. Unlike its shallow counterpart, the surface of the water is not frozen‌[Java Edition only]. Frequent floating icebergs with blue ice generate here. Polar bears and strays can also spawn here, but dolphins do not. Deep Frozen Ocean.png

Neutral Biomes[edit]

Biome Name and ID Features Description Images

The Void[Java Edition only]

Temperature: 0.5

Stone, Cobblestone, Void

Can be accessed only through Buffet world selection or The Void superflat preset. In a Buffet world, the landscape consists only of stone, as well as water and bedrock depending on the generator type. In The Void superflat preset, the world is empty except for a single structure: a 33×33 stone platform with a single block of cobblestone in the center. No mobs (passive or hostile) can spawn without spawn eggs, spawners, or commands. The Void.png

13, 17, 18, 19, 22, 28, 31, 33, 156, 161

Temperature: Same as their respective base biomes. Hills are generated within certain biomes (including some of their variants) and are referred in the F3 menu with Hills or Mountains added to their name.

This includes: Wooded Hills, Taiga Hills, Snowy Taiga Hills, Jungle Hills, Desert Hills, Birch Forest Hills, Tall Birch Hills, Giant Tree Taiga Hills, Giant Spruce Taiga Hills, and Snowy Mountains.

Most hills are gentle rolling slopes on which the usual biome terrain generates, with some sharper cliffs here and there. Snowy Mountains are usually taller, with height comparable to mountains biomes, and have a lower chance of spawning passive mobs during world generation than other biomes (7% versus 10%).

Giant Spruce Taiga Hills are a special case. in Java Edition, the game code sets the values setBaseHeight and setHeightVariation to define a "hilly" biome, but uses the same values as for its non-hill variant (Giant Spruce Taiga), meaning there is absolutely no terrain difference between the two biomes. In Bedrock Edition, this biome generates as a hillier version of the Giant Spruce Taiga, but uses the same trees as the Giant Tree Taiga Hills (with leaves only at the top), resulting in the only difference between these biomes being non-terrain aspects like water color and temperature.

Giant Tree Taiga Hills.pngDesert Hills.png
Jungle Hills.pngSnowy Mountains.png

Unused Biomes[edit]

These biomes don't generate in default worlds.

Biome Name and ID Features Description Images

Mountain Edge

Temperature: 0.2

Grass, Dirt, Stone, Llamas, Emerald ore, Infested stone, Spruce trees, Oak trees, Snow

Similar to the jungle edge biome, the Mountain Edge used to generate exclusively at the edge of Mountain biomes in order to smooth the transition between biomes. This biome has lots of trees, similar to wooded mountains. While the terrain is lower and gentler in nature, some areas may reach high enough to be covered by snow. This biome doesn't generate naturally from Java Edition 1.7.2 onward. Mountain Edge.png

Deep Warm Ocean

Temperature: 0.5

Dolphins, Pufferfish, Tropical fishes, Warm underwater ruins, Sand, Seagrass, Ocean monuments, Guardians, Elder guardians, shipwrecks

Similar to the Warm Ocean biome, but without coral reefs nor sea pickles, and twice as deep. Because they are a deep ocean variant, they can generate ocean monuments, resulting in the spawning of guardians, elder guardians, prismarine, and sponges. This biome has never naturally generated. Deep Warm Ocean.png

Legacy Frozen Ocean[Bedrock Edition only]

Temperature: 0.0

Polar Bears, Salmon, Cod, Strays, Cold underwater ruins, Gravel, Seagrass, kelp, Snowy Rabbits, Ice, shipwrecks

Similar to the Frozen Ocean biome, but without icebergs. Because they are a Frozen Ocean variant, they can spawn polar bears and strays, but not dolphins. Unlike the regular frozen ocean, Polar bear, drowned, squid, salmon, cod, Rabbits, skeletons and strays are only mobs that spawn here, kelp also generates here. This biome doesn't generate naturally from Pocket Edition Alpha 0.9.0 onward. Legacy Frozen Ocean.png

Removed Biomes[edit]

These biomes no longer generate in current versions of the game.

Biome Name and ID Features Description Images


Temperature: <50%

Snow, Grass Block, Ice

Snowy, barren terrain with very few trees. The occasional trees do exist, though very rarely. Ice can be found over water. Snow is common weather in tundras. It generates when the temperature is below 50% and the rainfall is less than 20%.

Rain Forest

Temperature: >97%

Grass Block, Grass, Oak trees, Birch trees

Rainforests are very wet biomes with many trees, which have a 1 in 3 chance of being big, instead of 1 in 10 like all other biomes. They generate only oak trees and have a large amount of tall grass and ferns. A biome is classified as a rainforest if the temperature is greater than 97% and the rainfall is more than 90%. This could be the biome with some of the most cliffs and hills because the world generator reduces height variation at lower rainfalls.

Seasonal Forest

Temperature: >97%

Grass Block, Grass, Oak trees

Seasonal Forests spawn with a temperature of 97% or greater, and a rainfall value between 45% and 90%. They are commonly found between forest and rain forests, and near plains biomes. They are identical to forests, except they have fewer trees and are capable of spawning only oak trees. They have a little bit of tall grass.

Ice Desert

Temperature: 0.0

Sand, Snow, Ices

An unused biome before Beta 1.8 that was in the code but never implemented into the temperature/rainfall table and thus did not actually generate. It was a biome of sand with snow on top of it and had snowfall and ice.
Ice Desert.jpg


Temperature: >50%, <97%

Grass Block, Oak trees, Birch trees

A biome with few trees and no tall grass. It is identical to the savanna biome. It is one of the smallest biomes in the game and spawns only if the temperature is between 50% and 97%, and the rainfall value is below 35% and therefore too little to generate a forest.

Biome IDs[edit]

Each type of biome has its own biome id, shown in the following table. Mountain Edge, Deep Warm Ocean, and Legacy Frozen Ocean biomes do not generate.

Java Edition:

Name Namespaced ID Numeric ID
Ocean ocean 0
Deep Ocean deep_ocean 24
Frozen Ocean frozen_ocean 10
Deep Frozen Ocean deep_frozen_ocean 50
Cold Ocean cold_ocean 46
Deep Cold Ocean deep_cold_ocean 49
Lukewarm Ocean lukewarm_ocean 45
Deep Lukewarm Ocean deep_lukewarm_ocean 48
Warm Ocean warm_ocean 44
Deep Warm Ocean deep_warm_ocean 47
River river 7
Frozen River frozen_river 11
Beach beach 16
Stone Shore stone_shore 25
Snowy Beach snowy_beach 26
Forest forest 4
Wooded Hills wooded_hills 18
Flower Forest flower_forest 132
Birch Forest birch_forest 27
Birch Forest Hills birch_forest_hills 28
Tall Birch Forest tall_birch_forest 155
Tall Birch Hills tall_birch_hills 156
Dark Forest dark_forest 29
Dark Forest Hills dark_forest_hills 157
Jungle jungle 21
Jungle Hills jungle_hills 22
Modified Jungle modified_jungle 149
Jungle Edge jungle_edge 23
Modified Jungle Edge modified_jungle_edge 151
Bamboo Jungle bamboo_jungle 168
Bamboo Jungle Hills bamboo_jungle_hills 169
Taiga taiga 5
Taiga Hills taiga_hills 19
Taiga Mountains taiga_mountains 133
Snowy Taiga snowy_taiga 30
Snowy Taiga Hills snowy_taiga_hills 31
Snowy Taiga Mountains snowy_taiga_mountains 158
Giant Tree Taiga giant_tree_taiga 32
Giant Tree Taiga Hills giant_tree_taiga_hills 33
Giant Spruce Taiga giant_spruce_taiga 160
Giant Spruce Taiga Hills giant_spruce_taiga_hills 161
Mushroom Fields mushroom_fields 14
Mushroom Field Shore mushroom_field_shore 15
Swamp swamp 6
Swamp Hills swamp_hills 134
Savanna savanna 35
Savanna Plateau savanna_plateau 36
Shattered Savanna shattered_savanna 163
Shattered Savanna Plateau shattered_savanna_plateau 164
Plains plains 1
Sunflower Plains sunflower_plains 129
Desert desert 2
Desert Hills desert_hills 17
Desert Lakes desert_lakes 130
Snowy Tundra snowy_tundra 12
Snowy Mountains snowy_mountains 13
Ice Spikes ice_spikes 140
Mountains mountains 3
Wooded Mountains wooded_mountains 34
Gravelly Mountains gravelly_mountains 131
Gravelly Mountains+ modified_gravelly_mountains 162
Mountain Edge mountain_edge 20
Badlands badlands 37
Badlands Plateau badlands_plateau 39
Modified Badlands Plateau modified_badlands_plateau 167
Wooded Badlands Plateau wooded_badlands_plateau 38
Modified Wooded Badlands Plateau modified_wooded_badlands_plateau 166
Eroded Badlands eroded_badlands 165
Nether nether 8
The End the_end 9
Small End Islands small_end_islands 40
End Midlands end_midlands 41
End Highlands end_highlands 42
End Barrens end_barrens 43
The Void the_void 127

Bedrock Edition:

Name Namespaced ID Numeric ID
Ocean ocean 0
Legacy Frozen Ocean legacy_frozen_ocean -116
Deep Ocean deep_ocean 24
Frozen Ocean frozen_ocean 10
Deep Frozen Ocean deep_frozen_ocean 50
Cold Ocean cold_ocean 46
Deep Cold Ocean deep_cold_ocean 49
Lukewarm Ocean lukewarm_ocean 45
Deep Lukewarm Ocean deep_lukewarm_ocean 48
Warm Ocean warm_ocean 44
Deep Warm Ocean deep_warm_ocean 47
River river 7
Frozen River frozen_river 11
Beach beach 16
Stone Shore stone_beach 25
Snowy Beach cold_beach 26
Forest forest 4
Wooded Hills forest_hills 18
Flower Forest flower_forest 132
Birch Forest birch_forest 27
Birch Forest Hills birch_forest_hills 28
Tall Birch Forest birch_forest_mutated 155
Tall Birch Hills birch_forest_hills_mutated 156
Dark Forest roofed_forest 29
Dark Forest Hills roofed_forest_mutated 157
Jungle jungle 21
Jungle Hills jungle_hills 22
Modified Jungle jungle_mutated 149
Jungle Edge jungle_edge 23
Modified Jungle Edge jungle_edge_mutated 151
Bamboo Jungle bamboo_jungle 168
Bamboo Jungle Hills bamboo_jungle_hills 169
Taiga taiga 5
Taiga Hills taiga_hills 19
Taiga Mountains taiga_mutated 133
Snowy Taiga cold_taiga 30
Snowy Taiga Hills cold_taiga_hills 31
Snowy Taiga Mountains cold_taiga_mutated 158
Giant Tree Taiga mega_taiga 32
Giant Tree Taiga Hills mega_taiga_hills 33
Giant Spruce Taiga redwood_taiga_mutated 160
Giant Spruce Taiga Hills redwood_taiga_hills_mutated 161
Mushroom Fields mushroom_island 14
Mushroom Field Shore mushroom_island_shore 15
Swamp swampland 6
Swamp Hills swampland_mutated 134
Savanna savanna 35
Savanna Plateau savanna_plateau 36
Shattered Savanna savanna_mutated 163
Shattered Savanna Plateau savanna_plateau_mutated 164
Plains plains 1
Sunflower Plains sunflower_plains 129
Desert desert 2
Desert Hills desert_hills 17
Desert Lakes desert_mutated 130
Snowy Tundra ice_plains 12
Snowy Mountains ice_mountains 13
Ice Spikes ice_plains_spikes 140
Mountains extreme_hills 3
Wooded Mountains extreme_hills_plus_trees 34
Gravelly Mountains extreme_hills_mutated 131
Gravelly Mountains+ extreme_hills_plus_trees_mutated 162
Mountain Edge extreme_hills_edge 20
Badlands mesa 37
Badlands Plateau mesa_plateau 39
Modified Badlands Plateau mesa_plateau_mutated 167
Wooded Badlands Plateau mesa_plateau_stone 38
Modified Wooded Badlands Plateau mesa_plateau_stone_mutated 166
Eroded Badlands mesa_bryce 165
Nether hell 8
The End the_end 9

Biome colors[edit]

Biome colors template for Java Edition 1.7.2 and above.
swamp_foliage.png in bedrock resource. All surface filled with 0x6A7039.

The temperature and rainfall values of a biome are used when determining the colors of a small selection of blocks: grass, grass blocks, some leaves, vines, sugar cane, and other features such as water and the sky. Blocks such as mossy cobblestone, mossy stone bricks and the stems of flowers are not affected by biome coloration.[2]

A biome's rainfall value is typically a value from 0.0 to 1.0, and - as stated above - a biome's temperature starts at a given value at sea level (e.g. 2.0 for Desert or -0.5 for Snowy Taiga) and decreases by 0.00166667 for each meter above sea level.

Biome grass and foliage colors are selected from two 256×256 colormap images: grass.png and foliage.png. Both colormaps, shown to the right, can be found in assets\minecraft\textures\colormap. The grass.png colormap sets the colors for the grass block top and sides (along with other types of grass, such as tall grass, ferns, double tall grass, etc.). Meanwhile, the foliage.png colormap sets the colors for tree leaves (with the exception of spruce and birch).

Biome colormaps use a triangular gradient by default. However, only the colors in the lower-left half of the image are used, even though the upper-right side of foliage.png is colored. Furthermore, as shown in the template image to the left, a select few pixels are considered when the colormap is read by the game, and are determined by the code below.

The adjusted temperature and adjusted rainfall values (recognized as AdjTemp and AdjRainfall in the code, respectively) are used when determining the biome color to select from the colormap. Treating the bottom-right corner of the colormap as Temperature = 0.0 and Rainfall = 0.0, the adjusted temperature increases to 1.0 along the X-axis, and the adjusted rainfall increases to 1.0 along the Y-axis. The values used to retrieve the colors are computed as follows:

 AdjTemp = clamp( Temperature, 0.0, 1.0 )
 AdjRainfall = clamp( Rainfall, 0.0, 1.0 ) * AdjTemp

"clamp" limits the range of the temperature and rainfall to 0.0-1.0. The clamped rainfall value is then multiplied by the 0.0-1.0 adjusted temperature value, bringing its value to be inside the lower left triangle. Some biomes' ranges are shown in the template above; the multiplication makes all the line segments point toward the lower right corner.

At borders between or among biomes, the colors of the block and its eight neighbors are computed and the average is used for the final block color.

The exact temperature and rainfall values for biomes can be found in various projects, e.g. this biome code.

Hard-coded colors[edit]

Certain biome colors are hard-coded, which means they are locked into the Minecraft code and are not retrievable from any texture file. Thus, they cannot be modified without the use of external tools, such as MCPatcher/OptiFine, that support the use of custom colormaps.

Swamp color[edit]

Swamp temperature, which starts at 0.8, is not affected by altitude. Rather, a Perlin noise function is used to gradually vary the temperature of the swamp. When this temperature goes below -0.1, a lush green color is used (0x4C763C) otherwise it is set to a sickly brown (0x6A7039). In addition, the color of the water in swamps is always multiplied by a very light green tinge (0xE0FFAE).

Dark forest color[edit]

The dark forest biomes' grass color is retrieved normally, then averaged with a dark green color (0x28340A) to produce the final color.

Badlands color[edit]

The color of the sky in two different biomes.

All badlands biomes' grass and foliage have hard-coded colors, which are two tan colors (0x90814D and 0x9E814D respectively). These are not modifiable by grass.png and foliage.png, and are unaffected by temperature.

Other colors[edit]

Several other biome colors are set into the game and currently require external tools in order to be changed. This includes blocks such as birch and spruce leaves and water (which have a hard-coded overlay set onto them), and other features such as the sky and fog.[more information needed]


Icon Achievement In-game description Actual requirements (if different) Availability Xbox points earned Trophy type (PS)
Xbox PS Bedrock Nintendo
Adventuring TimeDiscover 17 biomesVisit any 17 biomes. Does not have to be in a single world.YesYesYesWii U, Switch40GSilver
Sail the 7 SeasVisit all ocean biomesVisit all ocean biomes except the deep warm ocean (as it is unused)NoPS4YesNo40GGold


Icon Advancement In-game description Parent Actual requirements (if different) Namespaced ID
Advancement-fancy-raw.png Adventuring TimeDiscover every biomeSweet dreamsVisit all of these 42 biomes. Other biomes may also be visited, but are ignored for the advancement.adventure/adventuring_time


A very old image of biomes work-in-progress. "To the right of the player is a taiga, to the left is either a forest, or woods, I can’t remember. In the distance is probably tundra." ~ Notch
The biomes graph from Notch, prior to beta 1.8. Notice the chicken scratch handwriting, as Notch was working quick to try to get the biomes update out.
The old biomes graph with linear axes.
Java Edition Alpha
v1.0.4Added Winter Mode. Maps now have a snowy or grassy theme randomly determined when creating the world.
v1.2.0previewAdded true biomes; they were rain forest, seasonal forest, forest, shrubland, taiga, tundra, savanna, plains, swampland, desert, and frozen desert.
World saves remained unchanged, other than a change in the hue of the grass. If the player moves into ungenerated chunks, the new biomes would generate.
Java Edition Beta
1.6?Added the Sky Dimension with its own biome. It could be viewed only through the use of modifications.
August 18, 2011Notch tweeted a screenshot of a revamped river biome.
1.8?Biomes got an overhaul, removing some biomes, such as the tundra and the taiga, and others replaced with nine fractal-based biomes that were a mix of the previous biomes and new biomes. See here for more details.
Java Edition
1.0.0September 2, 2011Notch teased a screenshot of the new desert biome.[3]
September 3, 2011Notch teased a screenshot of the new swamp biome.[4]
September 15, 2011Notch teased a screenshot of what he called "snow biomes".[5][6]
?Re-added tundra (as ice plains) and added Mushroom Islands.
1.1?Re-added snow in taigas, added hills and beaches.
Smoothed color transitions between biomes – swampland grass, foliage and water smoothly transition into other biomes.
1.2.1January 18, 2012Jens Bergensten tweeted a teaser screenshot of a new jungle biome.
January 19, 2012He tweeted another jungle screenshot, showcasing the bright green foliage.
12w03aAdded jungle biome.
12w07aThe Anvil file format was introduced and it allows for biomes to be stored in the world data. In contrast, the Region file format relies on the seed to dynamically calculate biome placement. This would cause biome placement in older worlds to change when the biome generation code was changed. With the current Anvil format, the biome data is stored along with the rest of the world data, meaning it does not change after the world is generated and can be edited by third-party map-editing tools. Furthermore, "edge" biomes allow for biomes to continue to extend beyond the edge chunks of an old world. This allows for smooth transitions in world generation after the generation code changes in an update.
1.3.1?Hills in forests and deserts are taller.
1.6.113w17aWater lakes no longer generate in deserts.
1.7.2August 2, 2013Jens tweeted the first image of the mesa biome. He jokingly referred to them as "disco mountains."
August 7, 2013Jens tweeted the first image of a mega taiga, unofficially dubbed the Redwood Forest. The name was changed following 1.7's release.
August 9, 2013Jens tweeted the first image of a stone beach, which was then referred to as a "cliff" biome.
13w36aMesa, mega taiga, roofed forest, birch forest, savanna, extreme hills+, deep ocean and snowless taiga biomes were added as well as variations for many of the biomes. Biomes were also separated by temperature, and snowing was added to extreme hills.
Biomes avoid getting placed next to a biome that is too different from itself, temperature-wise.
The frozen ocean and extreme hills edge biomes no longer generate naturally.
Biome-hopping achievement "Adventuring Time" added, but it was broken until 1.8 making the goal of getting all achievements impossible in 1.7.
13w38bMarsh-like areas no longer generate in swamp biomes.
13w39aRed sand now generates in mesa biomes and their variants.
13w43aSavannas and roofed forest biomes now generate with new logs and leaves.
1.814w17aThe End's biome name is now "The End" instead of "Sky".
Adventuring Time is now available without commands. Before, the 38 biomes had to be visited without visiting any other biomes, which made the achievement unavailable because the End has to be visited for its prerequisite, The End?. The “no other biomes” restriction is now lifted.
Visiting the frozen ocean and extreme hills edge biomes, which no longer generate since 13w36a, is no longer required for Adventuring Time.
14w26aMarsh-like areas generate again in swamp biomes.
14w32aRed sandstone now generates below red sand in mesa biomes and their variants.
1.915w37aAdd new biome "The Void", which is used in Superflat preset "The Void".
1.1016w20aPlains and sunflower plains now have some trees (5% of chunks). 13 large oaks, 23 normal oaks.
Ice plains, ice plains spikes and ice mountains don't spawn passive mobs other than rabbits and the new polar bears anymore.
In mesa biomes, terracotta no longer generates more than 15 blocks deep, if the mesa is more than 15 blocks above sea level. In addition to the normal 2 veins of gold ore below Y=32, now attempts to generate 20 veins at elevations between 32 and 79. Also can generate dark oak abandoned mineshafts above ground.
1.1318w06aThe outer islands of the End biome are now divided up into four separate biomes: The End - Floating Islands, The End - Medium island, The End - High island, and The End - Barren island.
18w08aAdded ocean variants, including warm ocean, lukewarm ocean, cold ocean, warm deep ocean, deep lukewarm ocean, deep cold ocean, and deep frozen ocean.
Frozen ocean now generates naturally, for the first time since 13w36a.
18w08bDeep warm ocean biome no longer generate.
18w16aBiome names are now translatable.
Cleaned up several biome names, mainly by adding missing spaces and changing "Biome M" for "Mutated Biome".
18w19aNames of several biomes are changed. The exact name changes are listed here.
pre5Changed several biome IDs, mostly to comply with their names, listed here.
1.1418w43aAdded bamboo jungles.
Pocket Edition Alpha
0.1.0Added biomes, these 5 biomes include: Legacy Frozen Ocean, Snowy Taiga, Plains, Forest and Desert, from Java Edition Alpha V1.2.0.
0.1.3Cacti now generate in deserts.
0.9.0build 1All biomes as of PC version 1.7.2 have been types of new biomes. These include: Jungles, mesa, roofed forests, savannas, extreme hills, mushroom islands, flower forest, mega taiga, mega spruce taiga, swampland, and deep ocean.
Frozen Ocean is no longer generated.
0.9.5Added bryce mesa, extreme hills +, and jungle M.
0.10.0build 1Mesa biomes have gold at every elevation and can generate mine shafts on the surface.
Water in swamps is tinted dark gray.
Huge mushrooms generate in swamps.
0.11.0build 1Added birch forest M, birch forest hills M, extreme hills M, and extreme hills+ M.
build 8Changed the default biome.
build 10Increased the amount of gravel on extreme hills M biome.
0.12.1build 1Added the Nether biome.
build 10Leaves coloring shaders are now used only when the color for a biome actually changes.
0.16.0?The biomes can now be viewed on maps based on the grass color.
Pocket Edition
1.0.0?Added End biome.
Bedrock Edition
1.2.0?Added snow covers to extreme hills.
1.4.0beta Warm Ocean, Lukewarm Ocean, Cold Ocean, and their deep variant, including new frozen ocean and frozen deep ocean.
Old Frozen Ocean id changed to legacy_frozen_ocean to avoid conflict with new frozen ocean names.
1.9.0beta Bamboo Jungle and Bamboo Jungle Hills biome.
Legacy Console Edition
TU1Added true biomes; they were rain forest, seasonal forest, forest, shrubland, taiga, tundra, savanna, plains, swampland, desert.
TU5CU11.00Patch 1Added swampland, ice plains, extreme hills and ocean biomes.
Removed rain forest, seasonal forest, savanna, shrubland and taiga.
TU7Re-added tundra (as ice plains) and added Mushroom Islands.
TU9Re-added beaches and snow in taigas, added hills.
Smoothed color transitions between biomes – swampland grass, foliage and water smoothly transition into other biomes.
TU12Added jungle biome.
TU141.04Hills in forests and deserts are taller.
TU19CU71.12Water lakes no longer generate in deserts.
TU31CU191.22Patch 3Added mesa, mega taiga, roofed forest, birch forest, forest, savanna, extreme hills+, deep ocean, snowless taiga and 20 technical biomes.
Changed generation of marsh-like areas in swamp and extreme hills biomes.


Issues relating to "Biome" are maintained on the bug tracker. Report issues there.


  • The term biome is analogous to its scientific usage: in real life, a biome is climatically and geographically defined by distinctive communities of plants, animals and soil organisms supported by similar climatic conditions. They are often referred to as ecosystems.[7][8]
  • The only fictional biomes are those found in the Nether and The End, or those with huge mushrooms. All the others are entirely or almost entirely based on real-life counterparts.
  • It is possible for biomes to be a single block in size.[9]


Sunrises and Sunsets[edit]


  2. MC-128784 – "Stems of flowers and moss on mossy cobblestone/stone bricks unaffected by biome colouring" as "Invalid"
  7. "Biome" on Wikipedia
  8. "biome" on
  9. MC-69731 – "Random 1 block biome generating?" resolved as "Won't Fix"

See also[edit]