Bedrock Edition

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Bedrock Edition
Mclogo.svg
Author(s)
Platform(s)
Current

Windows 10AndroidiOS/iPadOS
Fire/Fire PhoneFire TVWindows 10 MobileGear VRXbox OnePlayStation 4Nintendo Switch

Written in

C++[7]

Latest version

Official: 1.16.40
Beta: beta 1.16.100.56

Release date
Android 4.2+
August 16, 2011 (Xperia PLAY only - 2.1+)[8][9]
October 7, 2011[10]
January 30, 2013 (2.3+)[11]
December 19, 2013 (3.0+)[12]
October 11, 2015 (4.2+)[12]
iOS 9.0+
November 17, 2011
August 15, 2013 (5.0+)
April 27, 2016 (6.0+)
June 13, 2016 (8.0+)
June 23, 2020 (9.0+)
Fire/Fire Phone 3.0+
September 13, 2012
April 2, 2014 (3.0+)
Windows 10 Mobile
December 10, 2014
(Windows Phone 8.1)
February 22, 2017
(Windows 10 Mobile)
Windows 10
July 29, 2015
Gear VR
April 27, 2016
Fire TV
December 19, 2016
Xbox One
September 20, 2017
Nintendo Switch
June 21, 2018
PlayStation 4
December 10, 2019
Rating(s)
Size
  • Android: Varies with device[13]
  • iOS/iPadOS: 353.3 MB[14]
  • Fire/Fire Phone: 100.5 MB[26]
  • Windows 10 Mobile: 180.41 MB[27]
  • Windows 10: 415.96 MB[28]
  • Gear VR: 335.8 MB[29]
  • Fire TV: 100.5 MB[30]
  • Xbox One: 395.26 MB[31]
  • Nintendo Switch: 463 MB[32]
  • PS4: 224.92 MB[33]
License

Proprietary

Source available

No

Links

Bedrock Edition (also known as the Bedrock editions, Bedrock versions, or just Bedrock) refers to the multi-platform family of editions of Minecraft developed by Mojang Studios, Xbox Game Studios, 4J Studios, and SkyBox Labs. Prior to this term, as the engine originated with Pocket Edition, this entire product family was referred to as "Pocket Edition", "MCPE", or "Pocket/Windows 10 Edition".

All Bedrock editions of Minecraft use the title Minecraft with no subtitle. The latest Bedrock Edition version is 1.16.40. Before the Better Together Update, they had different subtitles on each platform, including Pocket Edition (for all mobile platforms), Windows 10 Edition, Gear VR Edition, and Fire TV Edition. Apple TV Edition was discontinued shortly afterwards, thus it was no longer updated and removed from the App Store on Apple TV devices.

Although all Bedrock versions are nearly identical, the price[note 1] varies depending on the platform. Mobile versions are US$6.99. PlayStation 4, Xbox One, and Fire TV versions cost US$19.99. The Windows 10 version costs US$26.99, and the Nintendo Switch version is the most expensive, costing US$29.99. DLC purchased from the Marketplace on one platform is usable on all other platforms, but the game itself is sold separately on each platform. Xbox Live achievements are not shared between platforms and buying the game on one of these platforms does not get the game on the others. Despite all being UWP apps, Minecraft is sold as 3 separate apps at different prices on Windows 10, Windows 10 Mobile, and Xbox One. The Xbox One version is also playable to Xbox Game Pass subscribers. As with all other versions of Minecraft, updates are free of charge.

In October 2020, the game will be discontinued on Gear VR, Windows 10 Mobile, Android devices with less than 1GB of RAM, iOS devices that use iOS 10 or below, and devices with video cards that only support DirectX 10.1 or below.[34]

  1. Minecraft is sold in USD by the publishers, conversions vary from different distributors.

Gameplay[edit]

The objective of the game remains the same as its Java Edition counterpart, where players can build virtual realities in a sandbox-like environment. Like them, Bedrock Edition has survival elements such as hunger and brewing, and the Nether and the End dimensions. The multiplayer mode is cross-platform compatible between all supported devices.[35]

Bedrock Edition differs from Java Edition in a variety of ways, such as more saturated graphics, different terrain generation, some exclusive items, and an official add-on system.[36] The HUD and other elements vary for each relevant device. Players can interact with the game via keyboard and mouse, touchscreen or controller.

Differences from Java Edition include:

  • Some mobs have some sort of difference from their Java Edition counterparts.
  • Multiplayer allows for 4 ways of player connection:
  • A list of "featured" (Mojang Studios partner) servers, offering predefined multiplayer mini-games in a Minecraft setting, is also provided.

Some features of Bedrock Edition are only available on certain platforms.

  • Virtual reality is only available on Gear VR and Windows 10.
  • Importing or exporting worlds is only supported on Windows 10 and Windows 10 Mobile.
  • Joining servers through IP isn't supported by PlayStation 4, Nintendo Switch or Xbox One.
  • Playing with friends using Xbox Live is only available on Windows 10 and Xbox One.
  • Windows 10 Edition supports multiple different control types. You can use Xbox One gamepads, keyboards, or a touchscreen if your device has one.

Compatible devices[edit]

Android iOS/iPadOS
Minimum version Android 4.0
  • Latest version: Android 4.0
  • Until 0.12.1: Android 3.0
  • Until 0.8.0: Android 2.3
  • Until 0.5.0: Android 2.1
iOS 9.0
  • Latest version: iOS 9
  • Until 0.14.3: iOS 6
  • Until 0.14.1: iOS 5
  • Until 0.7.2: iOS 4.3.3
Processor Any with support of floating-point calculations ("ARM-v7a code") and Neon[37]

800 MHz Apple A5 CPU

Graphics Any with support of OpenGL ES 2.0
Storage 300 MB (100 MB to 1GB is the max to save a map)
Data connection Optional (Realms access)
Supported devices

(Do note that the hardware mentioned here is old and may no longer be supported.)

Sony Ericsson Xperia Play,[38] X10i, Ray,[39] and Mini Pro[40]
Sony Xperia Z5 Compact

iPod Touch 5th generation and later
iPhone 4S and later
iPad 2 and later
iPad Air, Mini, Pro (all generations)

Some devices below these specifications have been known to work fine either with or without custom ROM images, kernels, and overclocking of the CPU. The MSM7227 CPU is not supported due to its lack of the floating-point unit.[41] The "Tegra 2" processor is also not supported because it lacks support for Neon.

Development[edit]

Release[edit]

A video of an early prototype was released on Twitter, showing the game on the Xperia PLAY. The Alpha version was later released, and was released for different platforms on October 7, 2011. The non-exclusive version was going to be released on September 29 for Android[42] but there were several severe bugs that needed to be fixed; the release was delayed until October 7.

A version for iOS devices was confirmed to be released before 2012 in an interview with Mojang Studios[43] and was subsequently released on November 17, 2011.

Alpha[edit]

After the initial releases for Android and iOS, updates were released in parallel, with the same features being added for both platforms. During the Alpha stage, various aspects of gameplay were introduced into the Bedrock codebase including: crafting, smelting, more blocks, items, mobs and more game modes to bring it closer to the Java Edition. As the Pocket Edition development team works closely, often blocks released on the Java Edition are released around the same time for Pocket Edition. Certain features were also tested on Pocket Edition before their Java releases, such as beetroots and their related items, and also block models.

During the Alpha phase, the Bedrock Edition was ported to more platforms: first, Pocket Edition was released for Fire on September 13, 2012, and for Windows Phone on December 10, 2014. The Windows 10 Edition Beta was released on July 29, 2015, at a higher price than Pocket Edition. Gear VR Edition was released April 27, 2016 for the same price as Pocket Edition.

Two other versions of Minecraft that are based on the Bedrock codebase, but separate from Bedrock Edition, were also released during this period. Pi Edition is a free and discontinued version of Minecraft for the Raspberry Pi, which was based on an old alpha version of Bedrock. Education Edition was released for Windows 10 and macOS on November 1, 2016.

Full Release [edit]

On November 11, 2016, 1.0.0 (the Ender Update) was announced. It was released on December 19, 2016, along with the Apple TV Edition and Fire TV Edition. Pocket Edition began to receive updates again for Windows 10 Mobile on February 22, 2017.[44]

From 1.2.0, the Better Together Update, all editions of Bedrock Edition no longer have the "Edition" subtitle and are renamed to simply Minecraft. A port of Bedrock Edition for Xbox One was released along with the update, and one for the Nintendo Switch was released digitally and physically on June 21, 2018. PlayStation 4 users received the Bedrock Edition with the 1.14.0 update on December 10th, 2019. Owners of the original Legacy Console Edition for these consoles will be able to download the new version for free.

Builds[edit]

Starting on November 22, 2013,[45] Mojang Studios began to publicly release testing versions of full updates to Android users who opt into the beta program, in order to get major feedback, especially for bug reporting. This enabled the official updates to be considerably more stable.

Versions from 0.8.0 to 0.12.1 required opting into a Google+ group to receive development builds. Players would then see development updates appear as normal updates in the Play Store. On July 17, 2015, the Google+ group was removed due to the amount of spam and advertisements that the group attracted.[46][47][48] On November 3, 2015, the PE Beta team published a dedicated blog[49] which was subsequently used for users to opt into the 0.13.0 beta program and to display changelogs for these development builds.

The Xbox Insider Hub app is used to opt into the beta program on Windows 10 since July 31, 2017, and on Xbox One since August 24. Before the release of the Better Together Update, the Xbox One beta was available only to owners of the digital version of the original Xbox One Edition, and not owners of the disc version.

Players can also test certain features using Experimental Gameplay, a toggle that can be turned on through world settings, but it cannot be turned off upon creation.

Sales[edit]

Minecraft sales data, up to December 2015.

As of December 2013, Pocket Edition (the only Bedrock Codebase edition at the time) had sold 16.5 million copies, while at the same time, the Java Edition had sold 13 million. These calculations came out after the 0.8.0 update.[50] This was considered a huge success, with Pocket Edition outselling both Java Edition and Legacy Console Edition, despite being considered to be the least-developed at the time.

On December 2, 2016, Marsh Davies announced that Pocket Edition had sold over 40 million copies[51] (at the time, Java Edition had sold over 24 million). This statistic included Windows 10 Edition and Gear VR Edition.

Minecraft is also usually in the top 10 and regularly #1 in the App Store's and Google Play's Paid Apps Section in the Top Charts.[52][53]

Platform differences[edit]

There are several features in Bedrock Edition which are exclusive to certain platforms, either due to only certain platforms being capable of using those features, or due to platform restrictions preventing certain features from being implemented. Here is a table of the features that are only available on certain platforms.

Android Fire/Fire Phone Fire TV Gear VR iOS/iPadOS Windows 10 Windows 10 Mobile PlayStation 4 Nintendo Switch Xbox One
Export world button No No Unknown Unknown No Yes No No No No
Import world button No No Unknown Unknown No Yes Yes No No No
Join servers via IP Yes Yes Unknown Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No
Keyboard controls Yes Yes Unknown Unknown Partial[note 1] Yes Yes Yes Partial[note 1] Yes
Mouse controls Partial Partial Unknown Unknown No Yes Yes Yes No Yes
Shader language GLSL GLSL GLSL GLSL GLSL HLSL HLSL PSSL GLSL HLSL
Structure block 3D export Yes No No No No Yes Unknown No No No
Touch controls Yes Yes No No Yes Yes Yes No Partial[note 2] No
VR Partial[note 3] No No Yes No Yes[note 4] No Upcoming[note 5] No No
Gamepad controls Yes Yes Unknown Yes[note 6] Yes Yes Unknown Yes Yes Yes
RTX No No No No No Upcoming[note 7] No No No No
Price (USD) $6.99 $6.99 $19.99 $6.99 $6.99 $26.99 $6.99 $19.99 $29.99 $19.99
  1. a b Can only be used for chat.
  2. Touch controls can be used for inventory management and in the UI, but not for game actions (movement, attack etc).
  3. Some Samsung Galaxy phones can use Bedrock Edition for Gear VR, but it is a separate app (and purchase) from Bedrock Edition for Android.
  4. Via Oculus Rift and Windows Mixed Reality.
  5. Upcoming PS VR
  6. A gamepad is required to play to Gear VR Edition
  7. In Beta

Trivia[edit]

  • The Bedrock Edition logo is flatter than the Java Edition logo.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. "Minecon 2015 - Day Two" – Twitch.
  2. Xbox Game Studios § Subsidiaries
  3. Talk page edit by HelenAngel
  4. https://skyboxlabs.com/news/skybox-labs-brings-bedrock-version-of-minecraft-to-nintendo-switch/
  5. https://skyboxlabs.com/games/minecraft-nintendo-switch/
  6. https://skyboxlabs.com/games/minecraft-playstation4/
  7. https://twitter.com/jeb_/status/122350670648066049
  8. https://www.mojang.com/2011/08/say-hello-to-minecraft-pocket-edition
  9. The initial general Android release blog post said the minimum version was 2.2, but this was a typo, as shown by this later blog post which mentions both 2.1 & 2.2 as previously-supported versions.
  10. https://www.mojang.com/2011/10/minecraft-pocket-edition-on-android
  11. https://www.mojang.com/2013/01/minecraft-pocket-edition-0-6-0-submitted
  12. a b Determined by viewing the AndroidManifest.xml files of some APKs. See discussion here.
  13. a b c d https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.mojang.minecraftpe
  14. a b https://itunes.apple.com/app/id479516143
  15. http://amazon.com/dp/B00992CF6W
  16. Minecraft: Pocket Edition PEGI Rating
  17. https://microsoft.com/ru-ru/p/-/9wzdncrdzsbb
  18. https://microsoft.com/de-de/p/-/9wzdncrdzsbb
  19. ACB Rating
  20. https://microsoft.com/zh-tw/p/-/9wzdncrdzsbb
  21. https://microsoft.com/ko-kr/p/-/9wzdncrdzsbb
  22. https://microsoft.com/en-za/store/games/minecraft-for-windows-10-mobile/9wzdncrdzsbb
  23. https://microsoft.com/pt-br/p/-/9wzdncrdzsbb
  24. https://microsoft.com/p/minecraft-windows-10-edition/9nblggh2jhxj
  25. https://www.esrb.org/ratings/35148/Minecraft/ Minecraft ESRB Rating]
  26. https://amazon.com/dp/B00992CF6W
  27. https://microsoft.com/p/-/9wzdncrdzsbb
  28. https://microsoft.com/p/-/9nblggh2jhxj
  29. https://oculus.com/experiences/gear-vr/1046887318709554
  30. https://amazon.com/dp/B01NCJDPER
  31. https://microsoft.com/p/-/9NBLGGH537BL1
  32. https://nintendo.com/games/detail/minecraft-switch
  33. https://store.playstation.com/en-us/product/UP4433-CUSA00744_00-MINECRAFTPS40001
  34. "Important News Regarding Minecraft Mobile" – Minecraft.net, July 8, 2020
  35. "Minecraft - Pocket Edition on iOS!" – Www.mojang
  36. https://minecraft.net/addons
  37. "MCPE on Android devices requires a processor that supports Neon" – MCPE-8332, comment by rplatham.
  38. https://youtube.com/watch?v=jO-y5wzmK4E
  39. http://twitpic.com/6wimvs
  40. https://twitter.com/Kappische/status/122338591966896128
  41. wikipedia:MSM7000#MSM7227
  42. https://youtube.com/watch?v=rCcsuPH4vJY
  43. http://unboundgamer.com/_/minecraft-pocket-edition-interview-with-mojang-r393
  44. https://minecraft.net/article/upgrade-windows-phone-players
  45. https://www.mojang.com/2013/11/android-beta-program-for-minecraft-pe
  46. https://twitter.com/missmarzenia/status/621982409140105216
  47. https://twitter.com/missmarzenia/status/621984399349948416
  48. https://twitter.com/missmarzenia/status/621992330313236480
  49. https://twitter.com/missmarzenia/status/661531497527164928
  50. http://theguardian.com/technology/2013/dec/17/mojang-minecraft-pocket-edition-apple
  51. https://minecraft.net/article/pocket-edition-5-years-old
  52. http://apple.com/itunes/charts/paid-apps
  53. https://play.google.com/store/apps/collection/topselling_paid