See Data values
See Data values
Armor is a category of items that provide players and certain mobs with varying levels of protection from common damage types, and appear graphically on the wearer. These items include several different tiers of helmets, chestplates, leggings, and boots, which can each be placed in designated armor slots of a player's inventory for use.
- 1 Obtaining
- 2 Usage
- 3 Mechanics
- 4 Mob armor
- 5 Data values
- 6 Achievements
- 7 Advancements
- 8 Video
- 9 History
- 10 Issues
- 11 Gallery
- 12 See also
- 13 References
It takes 24 units of a given material to make a full set of armor. Chainmail armor cannot be crafted.
Armor can be repaired by placing two pieces of the same type (e.g., iron helmets) in a crafting grid. The resulting item will have 5% more durability left than the original items combined, but any enchantments will be lost. Repairing armor with an anvil will preserve and combine the enchantments. Chainmail armor can be repaired with anvils by combining iron ingots with it.
Gold Ingot or
Iron Ingot or
Gold Ingot or
Iron Ingot or
Gold Ingot or
Iron Ingot or
Gold Ingot or
Iron Ingot or
Zombies and skeletons that spawn with armor have a small chance of dropping their armor when killed by the player. When killed the armor they drop can vary from 0 to full durability. Zombies, skeletons, zombie pigmen and wither skeletons upon death will always drop armor that they picked up and equipped.
Leather pants and enchanted leather tunics can be bought from leatherworker villagers.
Iron helmets, iron chestplates, enchanted diamond chestplates, chainmail helmets, chainmail chestplates, chainmail leggings and chainmail boots can be bought from armorer villagers.
- In 1.13[upcoming] enchanted leather caps[note 1] can be found in 26.4% of shipwreck supply chests in groups of 1.
- Iron helmets can be found in 12.2% of stronghold altar chests and 26.0% of village blacksmith chests in groups of 1.
- Enchanted iron helmets[note 2] can be found in 13.4% of End city chests in groups of 1.
- In 1.13[upcoming] golden helmets can be found in 4.3% of big underwater ruins chests and 8.3% of small underwater ruins chests in groups of 1.
- In Bedrock Edition chainmail helmets can be found in 58.4% of buried treasure chests in groups of 1.
- Enchanted diamond helmets[note 2] can be found in 13.4% of End city chests in groups of 1.
- In 1.13[upcoming] enchanted leather tunics[note 1] can be found in 26.4% of shipwreck supply chests in groups of 1.
- In 1.13[upcoming] leather tunics can be found in 4.3% of big underwater ruins chests, 8.3% of small underwater ruins chests, and 29.3% of buried treasure chests, all in groups of 1.
- Iron chestplates can be found in 12.2% of stronghold altar chests and 26.0% of village blacksmith chests in groups of 1.
- Enchanted iron chestplates[note 2] can be found in 13.4% of End city chests in groups of 1.
- Golden chestplates can be found in 19.2% of nether fortress chests in groups of 1.
- Chainmail chestplates can be found in 15.1% of woodland mansion chests in groups of 1.
- Diamond chestplates can be found in 7.7% of woodland mansion chests in groups of 1.
- In 1.13[upcoming] enchanted leather pants[note 1] can be found in 26.4% of shipwreck supply chests in groups of 1.
- Iron leggings can be found in 12.2% of stronghold altar chests and 26.0% of village blacksmith chests in groups of 1.
- Enchanted iron leggings[note 2] can be found in 13.4% of End city chests in groups of 1.
- In Bedrock Edition chainmail leggings can be found in 58.4% of buried treasure chests in groups of 1.
- Enchanted diamond leggings[note 2] can be found in 13.4% of End city chests in groups of 1.
- In 1.13[upcoming] enchanted leather boots[note 1] can be found in 26.4% of shipwreck supply chests in groups of 1.
- Iron boots can be found in 12.2% of stronghold altar chests and 26.0% of village blacksmith chests in groups of 1.
- Enchanted iron boots[note 2] can be found in 13.4% of End city chests in groups of 1.
- In Bedrock Edition chainmail boots can be found in 58.4% of buried treasure chests in groups of 1.
- Enchanted diamond boots[note 2] can be found in 13.4% of End city chests in groups of 1.
- All enchantments are equally probable, except treasure enchantments, and any level of the enchantment is equally probable.
- Enchantment probabilities are the same as a level-20 to level-39 enchantment would be on an enchantment table that had no cap at level 30, and that was able to apply treasure enchantments, and where the chance of multiple enchantments is not reduced.
Chestplates provide the most protection per unit of material, followed by leggings. For leather, iron, and diamond armor, boots have equivalent armor points as the helmet, but for chainmail and gold armor, the helmets trump boots. However, boots are always the most durable. Turtle shells, in addition to providing protection, also gives the player the Water Breathing status effect.[upcoming 1.13]
Duplicate armor pieces are not stackable in inventory slots.
Armor tiers include (from weakest/least durable to strongest/most durable):
Turtle Shell[upcoming 1.13] does not fit into a tier, as it is not part of a full set. However, its defense points match gold, chainmail and iron helmets, while its durability is between iron and diamond helmets.
Pumpkins can be worn as a helmet. This will not provide any protection, and it will partially block the player's view, but it does prevent endermen from becoming aggressive when players look at them. Mob heads can also be worn as a helmet. They cut a player's detection range by 50% for the corresponding mob type. This bonus stacks with potions of invisibility and sneaking.
Elytra can be worn as a chestplate. Like pumpkins they do not provide any defense, but they do allow the player to glide through the air.
Dyeing leather armor
Leather armor can be dyed, and colors can be mixed.
|Iron Nugget||Any iron armor or
Any chainmail armor +
|Gold Nugget||Any golden armor +
Whenever a piece of armor absorbs damage for the player, the armor itself is damaged, reducing its durability. After taking enough damage, the armor piece is destroyed.
Note that if the damage is absorbed not by the armor itself but by a protection enchantment of the armor, the armor is not damaged. Enchantments can also reduce damage that armor normally does not reduce.
The following types of damage are reduced by armor and, consequently, damage the armor itself:
- Direct attacks from mobs and players
- Getting hit with an arrow
- This includes extra damage from enchantments.
- Getting hit with a fireball from a ghast or blaze, a fire charge, or ender acid
- Touching fire, lava or cacti
- Getting struck by lightning
- Getting hit with a falling anvil
- Getting hit by chicken eggs
- Getting hit with a fishing rod lure
The following types of damage are not reduced by armor and have no effect on the armor itself:
- Ongoing damage from being on fire
- Suffocating inside a block
- Drowning in water (partially for turtle shells[upcoming 1.13])
- Falling (including ender pearls)
- Falling to the void
- Status effects
- Instant damage from a potion of Harming
- Standing next to where lightning strikes.
- Getting hit by snowballs.
However, all sources of damage will damage all armor pieces worn in Pocket Edition.
Armor defense points are controlled by an attribute,
generic.armor. The player's current protection level is represented visually by the armor bar. The armor meter is affected by the particular pieces that are worn as well as the tier of the armor. The following table shows the amount of defense points added by default by each individual piece of armor, as well as the total points added by a full set of armor for each material.
|Leather||7 ()||1 ()||3 ()||2 ()||1 ()|
|Golden||11 ()||2 ()||5 ()||3 ()||1 ()|
|Chainmail||12 ()||2 ()||5 ()||4 ()||1 ()|
|Iron||15 ()||2 ()||6 ()||5 ()||2 ()|
|Diamond||20 ( × 10)||3 ()||8 ()||6 ()||3 ()|
|Turtle[upcoming 1.13]||2 ()||2 ()||N/A||N/A||N/A|
Different combinations of armor provide different levels of defense.
Armor can further protect the player through a second attribute,
generic.armorToughness. By default, only diamond armor provides toughness, with each piece granting +2 toughness.
Damage taken depends on the number of defense points, the toughness of the armor worn, and the strength of the attack.
The damage formula is
damage = damage * ( 1 - min( 20, max( defensePoints / 5, defensePoints - damage / ( toughness / 4 + 2 ) ) ) / 25 ).
Broken down, this means that each armor point gives 4% maximum damage reduction against an incoming attack. Without toughness, this max damage reduction is lessened by 2% for each hit point of the incoming attack. 1 piece of diamond armor, which grants +2 toughness to the player, decreases the defense reduction value for each hit point to 1.6%, 2 diamond pieces decreases it to 4⁄3% (about 1.3333%), 3 decreases it to 8⁄7% (about 1.1428%) and 4 decreases it to 1%. The exact formula for the defense reduction in percent is
damage * 4 / ( toughness / 4 + 2 ).
Simply put, as toughness increases, the amount of defense reduction done by high-damaging attacks is diminished, and as toughness approaches a very high value (through commands), the defense reduction caused by high-damaging attacks becomes negligible. The final damage reduction value of the armor is capped at a minimum of 0.8% damage reduction per armor point, and to a maximum of 80% total. If armor is cheated in so that the min cap is larger than the max cap, the min cap will be ignored.
In tabular form (with a toughness of 0), damages are:
Note that these damage values will be lower if a player is wearing pieces of diamond armor or has toughness added to their armor through commands. Armor values of 16 and above are impossible to obtain without at least one piece of diamond armor, without using cheats.
Damage taken only depends on the number of defense points.
Each armor point gives 4% damage reduction, for example, a player wearing a complete set of leather, always gives 28% of damage protection (while in java it protects 5.6-14%).
- See also: Enchanting
Armor can be enchanted to provide various enchantments. Enchantments can provide more protection or allow armor to protect certain types of damage that armor doesn't normally protect against, such as fall damage or fire. Damage reduction from enchantments do not decrease the armor's durability. Armor enchantments do not appear on the armor bar.
An armor's material determines how enchantable it is. The higher a material's enchantability, the greater the chances of getting multiple and high-level enchantments (see enchantment mechanics for details).
As with several enchantments, several different levels of protection are possible. The maximum level of a protection enchantment is currently IV (4). Protection enchantments from multiple pieces of armor stack together, up to a calculated maximum.
Each protection enchantment protects against specific types of damage. The amount of damage reduction depends on the Enchantment Protection Factor (EPF) provided by that enchantment.
|Enchantment||Damage reduced for||Type Modifier|| EPF
|Fire Protection||Fire, lava, and blaze fireballs||2||2||4||6||8|
|Projectile Protection||Arrows, ghast and blaze fireballs||2||2||4||6||8|
|Feather Falling||Fall damage (including ender pearls)||3||3||6||9||12|
When a player or mob wearing armor is subjected to damage, the EPFs of all applicable enchantments are added together, capped at 20, and then damage is reduced as
damage = damage * ( 1 - cappedEPF / 25 ), giving a maximum reduction of 80% at EPF 20.
Because of the caps in the calculation, it's possible to max out protection against specific types of damage with only three pieces of armor. For example, two pieces of armor with Blast Protection IV (EPF 8 each) and a single piece with Protection IV (EPF 4) would give a total EPF of 20 versus explosions. Any additional EPF would be wasted against explosions (but might be useful against other types of damage, if applicable).
If the damage is of a type that armor protects against normally, this reduction applies only to the damage that got through the armor.
It is possible using
/give to obtain armor with an enchantment level higher than what is normally obtainable via normal survival. Using this method, a player could give themselves, for example, a full set of diamond armor with a Protection V enchantment on every piece. Following the algorithm above, we find that, since Protection V has an EPF of 5, the armor will exactly reach the maximum EPF of 20 for all types of damage. Any higher Protection enchantments could be used to allow the cap to be reached with only one enchantment, rather than having a full set of enchanted armor, but would be wasted if all pieces shared the same level enchantment.
Any hit from a damage source that can be blocked by armor will remove one point of durability from each piece of armor worn for every 4 () of incoming damage (rounded down, but never below 1). The following chart displays how many hits each piece of armor can endure.
The chart below shows the durability per unit of material for each piece of armor, compared to that of the boots. Note that the durability per unit does not depend on the tier of the armor.
This means that for the same number of leather/iron ingots/gold ingots/chainmail/diamond, boots can take 1.5 more damage than leggings. Thus, chestplate and leggings offer more defense points per unit, but have a less durability per unit.
Mobs equipping armor
Certain mobs can spawn equipped with random armor pieces. Some mobs also spawn with the ability to pick up armor on the ground and equip them. The probability of mobs spawning equipped with armor, whether the armor is enchanted, the level of enchantment of the armor, and how many pieces of armor a mob spawns with depend on the difficulty; if a mob spawns with armor, the tier of armor (leather, gold, etc.) has a fixed probability:
Protection provided by armor and armor enchantments works the same with mobs as it does with players.
The following mobs can spawn with armor:
The following do not naturally spawn with armor, but will pick up any dropped pieces:
These mobs cannot wear armor through Survival mode means, but if equipped with commands, their armor will be visible:
These mobs can do things with armor in an upcoming version:
Helmets can protect mobs from burning in sunlight, depleting its durability as it absorbs the damage. Eventually, the helmet will lose all its durability and break. Pumpkins and mob heads also protect mobs from burning in sunlight.
Certain mobs naturally have armor points.
Magma Cube (tiny)
Magma Cube (small)
Magma Cube (big)
Shulker (when closed)
|20 ( × 10)|
|Item||ID Name||Numerical ID|
|Icon||Achievement||In-game description||Actual requirements (if different)||Availability||Xbox points earned||Trophy type (PS)|
||Iron Man||Wear a full suit of Iron Armor.||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||15G||Bronze|
||Tie Dye Outfit||Dye all 4 unique pieces of leather armor.||Yes||Yes||Yes||Wii U, Switch||15G||Bronze|
|Icon||Advancement||In-game description||Parent||Actual requirements (if different)||Internal ID|
|Suit Up||Protect yourself with a piece of iron armor||Acquire Hardware||Get any type of iron armor in your inventory.|
|Cover Me With Diamonds||Diamond armor saves lives||Diamonds!||Get any type of diamond armor in your inventory.|
Easter Egg: The Cover Me With Diamonds advancement is coded as 'shiny_gear'.
|June 14, 2009||Notch discussed how armor would work in Survival mode: "Two types of swords, two types of armor, two types of helmets. The basic versions require iron. The advanced versions require steel, which you make by combining iron and coal. Carrying swords, armor or helmets take up inventory slots, but otherwise have no penalty and work pretty much as you expect (prevent some damage, or cause more damage)"|
|August 13, 2009||Notch tested with armor models. Only chestplates and helmets were available. They were merely aesthetic at the time and had no effect on gameplay.|
|0.24_SURVIVAL_TEST||Armor models were tested with zombies and skeletons.|
|?||Armor was later removed from zombies and skeletons.|
|?||Studded armor can be seen in the texture files.|
|February 9, 2010||Notch revealed new models for armor, which included leggings and boots.|
|February 18, 2010||Added tiers for armor (cloth (wool), gold, chain, iron, and diamond).|
|Cloth armor (later called leather) was given the textures from one of Notch's previous games, Legend of the Chambered|
|Armor can be crafted and worn.|
|Armor now functions. All helmets give 3 (), all chestplates give 8 (), all leggings give 6 (), and all boots give 3 (). Armors have limited durability, with lower tier armors less durable than higher tier armors.|
|v1.0.8||Renamed wool armor to leather armor.|
|Leather armor is now crafted with leather instead of wool.|
|1.0.0||Beta 1.9 Prerelease||Each tier now provide different amounts of protection.|
|Beta 1.9 Prerelease 3||Iron armor can now be found in the new stronghold altar chests.|
|Beta 1.9 Prerelease 4||Armor can be enchanted.|
|1.1||?||Iron armor can be found in the new blacksmith chests in villages.|
|1.2.1||12w06a||Zombies drop iron helmets on rare occasions, and zombie pigmen drop golden helmets.|
|1.3.1||12w15a||⇧ Shift+clicking can now be used to wear armor.|
|12w21a||Chain armor can now be obtained legitimately in survival mode through trading.|
|Blacksmith villagers now sell chain boots for 5–6 emeralds, chain leggings for 9–10 emeralds, chain chestplates for 11–14 emeralds and chain helmets for 5–6 emeralds.|
|They sell diamond boots for 7 emeralds, diamond leggings for 11–13 emeralds, diamond chestplates for 16–18 emeralds and diamond helmets for 7 emeralds.|
|They sell iron boots for 4–5 emeralds, iron leggings for 8–9 emeralds, iron chestplates for 10–13 emeralds and iron helmets for 4–5 emeralds.|
|Butchers now sell leather boots, caps and pants each for 2–3 emeralds, and leather tunics for 4 emeralds.|
|1.4.2||12w32a||Mob armor is reintroduced. A partial or full set of any armor is sometimes worn by zombies, skeletons and zombie pigman, with the likelihood increasing with difficulty.|
|August 17, 2012||Jeb and Dinnerbone tweeted pictures of dyeable leather armor.|
|12w34a||Leather armor can now be dyed by crafting a leather armor piece with dyes. Dyes can be removed by using dyed leather armor on a cauldron with water.|
|Default leather armor texture is slightly darker.|
|12w34b||Leather and diamond armor models were altered. Leather tunics have buttons and longer sleeves, and leather caps no longer have a central, narrow protrusion. Diamond chestplates have notches under the shoulders.|
|12w36a||Dyed leather armor are more saturated and have a slight tint of tan in respect to the default armor color.|
|Wither skeletons can spawn with random armor.|
|12w37a||Leather armor now has non-dyed parts. This was implemented so that players can distinguish between other types of armor and similarly colored leather armor.|
|1.4.6||12w50a||The Thorns enchantment can be enchanted on chestplates.|
|1.5||13w04a||Armor in your hand can be equipped by right-clicking.|
|Dispensers can equip nearby players with armor.|
|1.6.1||13w18a||Golden chestplates are now found in the new chests in nether fortresses.|
|1.7.2||13w36a||Leather boots can be obtained as one of the "junk" items by fishing.|
|1.8||14w02a||Trades changed: armorer villagers now sell chain boots for 5–7 emeralds, chain leggings for 9–11 emeralds, chain chestplates for 11–15 emeralds and chain helmets for 5–7 emeralds.|
|They sell enchanted diamond chestplates for 16–19 emeralds, and no longer sell other diamond armor.|
|They sell iron chestplates for 10–14 emeralds and iron helmets for 4–6 emeralds, and no longer sell other iron armor.|
|Leatherworkers now sell leather pants for 2–4 emeralds and enchanted leather tunics for 7–12 emeralds, and no longer sell other leather armor.|
|14w05a||Armor no longer turns red when mobs/players are hurt.|
|14w06a||Armor is now visible on giants.|
|14w25a||Chain armor cannot be crafted anymore due to the item form of fire being removed.|
|1.9||15w31a||Enchanted iron and diamond armor can now be found in end city ship chests.|
|Mobs now wear armor from the bottom to the top, rather than from the top to the bottom. This means that a mob with three armor pieces, for example, will spawn with all armor except a helmet.|
|15w34b||Armor durability now affects armor value.|
|15w36a||Armor and armor enchantment calculations changed. For the original values, see here.|
|15w36d||Armor durability affecting value removed.|
|Armor now has an attribute controlling the defense points.|
|15w43a||Decreased average yield of gold chestplates in nether fortress chests.|
|16w02a||Armor and armor enchantment calculations changed again.|
|16w05a||Armor calculations changed again.|
|1.11||16w39a||Diamond and chainmail chestplates are now found in the new woodland mansion chests.|
|1.11.1||16w50a||Golden, chain and iron armor now smelt down into one of their respective nuggets.|
|Upcoming Java Edition|
|1.13||18w07a||Added turtle shells.|
|18w09a||Leather tunics and golden helmets now have a chance of generating in underwater ruins.|
|18w10a||Leather tunics can now generate in buried treasure chests.|
|18w11a||Enchanted leather caps, tunics, pants, and boots can generate in the chests of shipwrecks.|
|18w20a||Chain armor pieces now use the term "Chainmail".|
|Pocket Edition Alpha|
|0.8.0||Changed leather armor sprites to that of the PC version, but its armor model remains that of older versions.|
|0.9.0||build 1||Iron armor naturally generates in village chests and stronghold altar chest.|
|0.11.0||build 11||Armor will now only protect against mob damage.|
|0.12.1||Armor can now be worn by mobs.|
|Armor no longer turns red when mobs/players are hurt.|
|Golden Chestplate can be found in Nether Fortress Chest.|
|Chainmail Armor now obtainable in survival via mob that wearing it.|
|Leather Boots can be obtained from fishing as a junk item.|
|0.14.0||build 1||Leather armor can now be dyed and the model has been updated.|
|0.15.0||build 1||Armor can be obtained from Stray and Husk that naturally spawn with armor.|
|0.15.10||Capes no longer clip through armor.|
|1.0||build 1||Enchanted Iron Armor and Enchanted Diamond Armor can be found inside End city chest.|
|1.0.4||build 1||Iron Helmet, Iron Chestplate, Enchated Diamond Chestplate and Chainmail Armor are sold by Armorer smith Villager.|
|1.1||build 1||Golden, chain and iron armor can now be smelted down into one of their respective nuggets.|
|Diamond Chestplate and Chainmail Chestplate can be found inside woodland mansion chest.|
|1.2.14||build 1||Chainmail helmets, chestplates, leggings, and boots now generate in buried treasure chests.|
|Enchanted Leather Armor now can be found inside shipwreck supply room chest.|
|1.2.20||build 1||Leather Chestplate and Golden Helmet now can be found inside underwater ruins chest.|
|Upcoming Bedrock Edition|
|1.5||beta 22.214.171.124||Added Turtle Shells.|
|Legacy Console Edition|
|TU1||CU1||1.0||Patch 1||Patch s1||Added armor.|
|TU5||Added chain armor.|
|Added a quick equip for armor to the inventory interface.|
|TU12||1.03||Changed the texture for leather armor.|
|TU14||1.05||Leather armor can be dyed.|
|Item repair can repair armors.|
|TU25||CU13||1.16||Armor now has the quick equip functionality.|
|TU53||CU43||1.49||Patch 23||Patch s3||Golden, chain and iron armor now smelt down into one of their respective nuggets.|
Issues relating to "Armor" are maintained on the issue tracker. Report issues there.
Armor rendering overhaul in Indev
The armor sprite as it appeared in one of Notch's previous projects, Legend of the Chambered
Dinnerbone's first screenshot of dyed armor
A zombie with full leather armor.
A zombie with full gold armor.
A zombie with full chainmail armor.
A zombie with full iron armor.
A zombie with full diamond armor.