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Yes (64)

First appearance

Indev (February 6, 2010)

Data value

dec: 296 hex: 128 bin: 100101000



Wheat is an item obtained by farming or found in dungeon chests. Seeds for growing wheat are obtained by breaking tall grass. Wheat can be crafted into bread, and is a necessary ingredient for cake and cookies.

Wheat may be used to breed cows, sheep, and Mooshrooms via first herding two of them together and then right clicking them with the wheat to begin "Love Mode." Wheat can also be used to lower a horse's temper when attempting to tame it.


[edit] Farming

Wheat can be farmed and harvested on farmland. When farmed, it will take 8 stages to grow, each stage being a little taller and darker than the previous one. When fully grown, wheat crops will drop 1 wheat as well as 0-3 seeds. If harvested before fully grown, it will only yield seeds. Right-clicking on wheat crops with Bone Meal will advance them to further stages in the growing process. Wheat may be planted in The Nether, but it will grow at a slow pace since water can not be placed to hydrate the farmland.

[edit] Crafting

Ingredients Crafting recipe

Hay Bale

Grid layout Arrow (small).png Wheat9

Hay Bale

[edit] As a crafting ingredient

Name Ingredients Crafting recipe



Grid layout Arrow (small).png Bread
Wheat Wheat Wheat


Wheat +
Milk +
Egg +

Milk Milk Milk Grid layout Arrow (small).png Cake
Sugar Egg Sugar
Wheat Wheat Wheat


Wheat +
Cocoa Beans

Grid layout Arrow (small).png Cookie8
Wheat Cocoa Beans Wheat

Hay Bale


Wheat Wheat Wheat Grid layout Arrow (small).png Hay Bale
Wheat Wheat Wheat
Wheat Wheat Wheat

[edit] Efficiency comparison

Wheat is used to make several different types of food, but the benefit you get from each unit of Wheat varies widely depending on what you use it for. This chart compares the number of hunger points you can expect to regain for each unit of Wheat you use, depending on how you use it.

Method Average hunger points refilled per wheat used Additional notes
Breeding Cows or Mooshrooms 8 (Hunger.svgHunger.svgHunger.svgHunger.svg) Requires at least two Cows or Mooshrooms. When breeding cows in large numbers for slaughter, you get an average of two Raw Beef (and also one Leather) for every two wheat used. To cook the beef into steak, you will also need fuel (or you can kill the cows with fire).
Crafting Cookies 8 (Hunger.svgHunger.svgHunger.svgHunger.svg) Requires cocoa beans, gives very little saturation
Crafting Cake 4 (Hunger.svgHunger.svg) Requires eggs, milk, and sugar
Crafting Bread 1.66 (Half Hunger.svg)

Based on these statistics, the most effective use of Wheat is to breed Mooshrooms. Cows are almost as efficient, with just the loss of red mushrooms that can be obtained from shearing a Mooshroom. They give the greatest return in terms of refilling your hunger meter, and also give you Leather, which you need to make books, and therefore bookshelves, so it helps you make better enchanted items. The above numbers actually understate the advantage of cows, as steak also gives far more saturation than the other foods listed.

[edit] Video

Note: the narrator demonstrates at 0:56 that walking over wheat can destroy the crop and untill the land. This is outdated: since version 1.1, wheat can only be destroyed by a player jumping on it.

[edit] History

February 6, 2010 Wheat was added. Any entities walking or jumping on wheat would cause it to drop before being fully grown.
Official release
1.0.0 Beta 1.9-pre2 Wheat is used in breeding.
1.1 11w48a Mobs no longer cause wheat to drop when walked on, unless a mob or player jumps excessively on the wheat.
1.4.2 12w36a Chickens and pigs no longer use wheat to breed.
1.6.1 Horses can have their tempers lowered with wheat.
13w18a Nine wheat can be crafted to make a hay bale.
Pocket Edition Alpha
0.4.0 Wheat added.
0.8.0 Wheat can be used to breed cows and sheep.
0.9.0 build 1 Wheat crops now naturally spawn in villages.
Console Edition
TU1 Added wheat.

[edit] Trivia

  • Crops can be harvested quickly and easily from large farms in a very short period of time either by redirecting water over the crops, using redstone lights to light the room and then turning them off, or by using pistons. Immature crops always drop one seed, but fully grown one can drop up to 3 seeds. It has about a 90% chance of dropping at least one seed, and 15% chance of dropping three seeds.
  • Wheat doesn't appear in the statistics page.
  • Dungeon chests can contain wheat in stacks of 1-4.
  • 2-3 Bone meal can be used to mature a newly planted wheat seed.
  • As of 1.5, wheat's growth is no longer considered a block update, ruling out the possibility of automatic wheat farms utilizing BUD switches.
  • In a Snow/Taiga Biomes, if you put torches around a wheat farm, the water won't freeze as easily.
  • Using Wheat to breed animals and eating their drops restores your hunger meter more than making the same amount of wheat into Bread and eating it.
  • Holding wheat in your hand causes cows, sheep and mooshrooms that are close by to follow you, until you stop holding the wheat.
  • Pigs and Chickens don't use Wheat to breed, instead, chickens breed with seeds, and pigs use Carrots.