Talk:Tutorials/Wheat farming

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Plant Growth Rates[edit]

Is anybody aware of which patterns make crops grow faster? Notch has said there are faster growing patterns, but I haven't noticed this in-game at all...


I wanted to kill some time so I decided to mess with the farming in a scientific setting. The results were quite strange. On a paradise, island, small, square map I found that crops grow at a variable rate. Two blocks of dirt set atop the Indev House next to each other. Two seeds in each. One will grow to wheat producing after 36 minutes while the other won't grow at all. Likewise I made pillars from the "ocean" floor to the top, then put a single block of dirt atop them. One crop would grow to full potential in about 36 minutes, the other barely past stage 2 until 47 minutes had passed.

So it seems that plants will grow at a varied rate. Kenji 03 12:17, 16 April 2010 (UTC)
It seems like this is still the case. I planted a section of hydrated field around a water block and am getting fully grown wheat in waves, and some is not maturing at all. I have torches set to allow crops light at night and am wondering if the torchlight is somehow cumulative with sun for purposes of determining plant growth. TheYeti 18:37, 23 July 2010 (UTC)
It appears that working around your crops - say by planting new ones, or tilling the area with a hoe - can directly trigger growth spurts in nearby plants, or speed up hydration. - Bomb Bloke 12:57, 9 October 2010 (UTC)

In optimal conditions 95.2% of crops will be grown after 18 minutes and 40.7 seconds. BOOM! Mathified. -Ms_Fish

Psuedocode is unclear[edit]

In Farming#Growth_Rate, the psuedocode mentions some functions whose meanings are unclear.

  1. horizontalNeighbors(block). Is that the set of blocks at the same altitude that are adjacent orthagonaly (4 blocks), orthagonal and diagonal (8 blocks), or only "horizontal" as per the first diagram in Farming#Optimal_Patterns instead of the vertical arragement in that same section?
  2. CropsOnXNeighbors(block) I can assume is the set of orthogonaly adjacent blocks in the X axis if-and-only-if the blocks are crops. CropsOnYNeighbors(block) is confusing, since the article already stated that crops must have dirt below and air above, so this function should always return an empty set. That would mean ( CropsOnXNeighbors(block) && CropsOnYNeighbors(block)) would always return false.
  3. CropsOnXYNeighbors(block) I'm not sure what this would return. The set of blocks adjacent east, west, above and below if-and-only-if they are crop blocks? Since this would only return a non-empty set if there are crops in the adjecent east or adjacent west blocks, why not just reduce this compound boolean expression to CropsOnXNeighbours(block) instead?

--Mozai 00:25, 28 April 2011 (UTC)

I'm pretty sure "y" should be replaced with "z" in all of this psuedocode. The confusion stems from the fact that the coordinates in Minecraft are wrong (IMO). X should be N/S, Y should be E/W, and Z should be up/down. GurnBlanston 16:06, 10 May 2011 (UTC)

SubOptimal Pattern
Do the crops diagonally adjacent influence a crop block's growth? i.e.: will the arrangement at right still result in a halved growth rate for the centre crop block? --Mozai 00:25, 28 April 2011 (UTC) No block image.pngWheatNo block image.png
No block image.pngWheatNo block image.png
Re SubOptimal Pattern

I just ran a test with regard to diagonally adjacent wheat. For this experiment, I used five 50x8 rows of hydrated soil. Half of row 4 and all of row 5 had a checkerboard pattern of seeds for a total of 300 crops. Rows 1-3 were the control group, containing 300 crops with no adjacency, even diagonally. All crops were fully exposed to the top of the map. Seeds were planted with the time locked at midnight. The time was switched to noon and locked for 20 minutes, then locked at midnight again for counting of the crops. Of the 300 diagonally adjacent (checkerboard pattern) crops, 4 fully grew. Of the 300 non-adjacent (control) crops, 88 fully grew.

Tomorrow I'll make a larger field to test cross-shaped crop placement by position (separate statistics for centre and points) against another control group. (Genshou 22:58, 16 May 2011 (UTC))

Pseudocode still unclear

"crop.getFarmlandIn8BlocksBelow()" What does this refer to? This section seems to imply that if you stack farmland tiles 8 high and hydrate them you add 6 to the growth rate of wheat grown on the top block. This portion of code seems to have no justification or clarification in the entire rest of the page

Also, the following section "if (crop.hasNeighborCropOnNS() ..." will HALF the growth rate if the farmland either has neighbors to all sides, or diagonally. This is at odds with other sections of the page which claim "It doesn't matter if there are crops on neighboring farmland or not." and in the suboptimal growth rate illustration, that the middle tile would have a growth rate of 5.0 as opposed to the 5.5 maximum listed above it (5.5/2 != 5.0). It is also at odds with the section above the pseudocode which says "For the fastest growth, watered farmland with crops on all neighboring squares or in rows is ideal" Can someone please provide clarification? SomeKindOfOctopus 03:27, 20 June 2011 (UTC)

  • Then who has the last saying about this? Again: there's a difference when one chooses to create just a row or a big, full crop field, right? That's what the code says at least. Renkien 02:43, 19 September 2011 (UTC)

After careful mathematical consideration, the methodology of the pseudocode has become clear to me and I have added comments to that extent (for what seemed confusing to me). If you want, I can try re-writing it further so that it's even more clear. BobChao 02:20, 11 August 2011 (UTC)

  • When I read the pesudo-code it seems to indicate that growth rate can range from 1 to 4.75. What I read is that it starts at either 2 or 4, gains a possible .25 or .75, and then possibly halves. I don't see how this can produce the values of 5.5 or 5.0 that the article mentions. Thanks for your help. Pareidolon 01:10, 19 August 2011 (UTC)
    • Oh, I see where I went wrong now. I was just confused by the for loop because I'm not used to seeing them with a single input. Pareidolon 22:13, 6 September 2011 (UTC)
Pseudocode unclear for me.

Lets go through it step by step.

   if (crop.getBlockBelow().isHydrated())
       growthRate = 4.0;
       growthRate = 2.0;

Allright. Hydrated blocks start with 4, unhydrated with 2.

   for (farmland in crop.getFarmlandIn8BlocksBelow()) //Immediately surrounding Farmland with crops
       if (farmland.isHydrated())
           growthRate = growthRate + 0.75
           growthRate = growthRate + 0.25

For each neighbouring farmland block that's wet you get a bonus 0,75, each dry farmland block gives you 0,25. You can calculate that the maximum growthrate you can get in total up to here is 10 (4 for a wet block, plus 8x0,75 for neighboring wet blocks). Now, the next part is the weird part.

   if (crop.hasNeighborCropOnNS() and crop.hasNeighborCropOnEW()) //If (north OR south) AND (east OR west) have crops
       growthRate = growthRate / 2;
   else if (crop.hasNeighborCropDiagonally()) //If any immediately diagonal square has a crop
       growthRate = growthRate / 2;

So, if a crop sees other crops on a tile that is on the North or South side, and theres also a tile on either West or East, we get halved the growthrate. If that is not the case, we look at any of the diagonal squares, so northeast, southeast, southwest and northwest. If any of them have a crop, you also get halved the rate.

This code seems to imply that it would be best to plant crops in long thin stretches, giving you a growthrate of 10, leaving the neighbouring land tilled and hydrated, but not seeded. The article, however, claims that 5,5% is the max. –The preceding unsigned comment was added by (Talk|Contribs) 07:31, 30 September 2011. Please sign your posts with ~~~~

I agree that maximum growth rate should be 10 for center blocks in these patterns.
   HHH    HCH    HHH    C=hydrated farmland with crops
   HCH    HCH    CCC    H=hydrated farmland without crops
   HHH    HCH    HHH
4+(0.75*8) = 10 -- Karyonix 17:04, 20 October 2011 (UTC)

Harvesting Section Outdated[edit]

So I was doing some looking around and noticed that farms actually have a 7th step on which it is harvested. The harvesting section currently is misleading and I would take care of it myself but... It would seem weird to fix the text without updating the picture, and i don't have an updated picture.

Also, this paragraph "As the water is hidden, seeds and wheat are easily gathered by running along the central lane, and tilled tiles are not trampled in the process. The method works for Sugar Cane as well. Shown here with some wall blocks removed to show where water should be placed." doesn't make any sense, it appears to be an orphan left from a previous edit. GurnBlanston 16:12, 10 May 2011 (UTC)

Fields destroying themselves[edit]

So i'm trying to start farming to use a plot of land near my base, but my land which i've just ploughed keeps removing the plough state of itself and reverting back to dirt, is there any reason for this? Some of it stays ploughed and then becomes hydrated, but many of the unploughed land tiles will revert back to dirt after a few seconds. I'm rather irritated, is it a feature or a bug? -Ryan -- 22:10, 6 July 2010 (UTC)

It's a feature. If you walk over the plowed tiles, they have a high chance of turning back to dirt. The same is true if you walk over crops. Just quit walking on them (and keep mobs off of them), and it should be fine. --Coolpilot 18:44, 23 July 2010 (UTC)
Actually, by crouching (default is LShift), you can walk on field tiles without damaging them. I'm not sure what happens when you jump/use ladders/land on field tiles while crouching though... Crazylemon64 02:40, 24 November 2010 (CST)
Also if there is no water near the area you hoed it will revert back to dirt

Types of Farming[edit]

Is "farming" cacti and reeds considered farming as well? --DigiKep 18:50, 29 August 2010 (PDT)

No, I think that would be growing. --TomCatFort 18:45, 09 October 2010 (GMT+2)
I agree that wheat farming needs a page to it's self but there should be a page list all other types of farms every from trees to cobblestone. --Tnarg 11:04, 19 October 2010 (CDT)
That page is Renewable Resources. —KPReid 02:11, 19 December 2010 (UTC)

Space above crops[edit]

I was wondering if anyone else noticed this;

I'm experimenting with underground farming, and I noticed that if you don't leave a block open above the crops, they don't seem to grow. I'm not certain of this (my computer actually crashed in the middle of experimenting...damn alpha), but i've tried it a few times with little success.

I was trying to get the farm set up so I cannot accidentally walk on the crops, so I was putting blocks over all the crops. That way I can walk through the paths w/o worry of trampling. But, I was not getting good results from the farm. The last one wasn't growing at all. So I removed a block over one to see what would happen and it started to grow.

If anyone else could experiment with this and confirm, I'd be appreciative. Pakratt0013 09:17, 22 October 2010 (CDT)

At least they dont grow with no space above them. But then I light them up only with torches, no direct sunlight, might be because of that, too. -- Luttz
I have a farm in direct sunlight except for one block above one of the planted seeds; that one has never grown. I have no data about whether more than one block's space might be needed. I'll add the requirement to the article. A further experiment would be whether a glass block obstructs growth too. —KPReid 02:08, 19 December 2010 (UTC)
BUMP! Wheat farms require light, and if you were using stone or dirt as the block above it, it will not grow. The only blocks able for use are glass, leave and ice. Rocĸetor talk 06:33, 30 March 2011 (UTC)
Two different issues, 1) wheat farms do require light and 2) you do need to put a transparent block (air is fine) above the wheat etc or it won't grow. Torches underground work for 1) and air (only one I've used) and apparently also glass, leaves and ice blocks work for 2). 14:15, 10 May 2011 (UTC)
Wheat crops under dirt cannot grow. Wheat crops under air, torch, sign, glass, fence, stairs, piston, farmland can grow. -- Karyonix 15:26, 20 October 2011 (UTC)


I've been wondering, and haven't had the time to test; do shovels dig out soil blocks faster than other tools, and if so, should we add the shovel under the tool2 field for the template transclusion? CyborgDragon 05:45, 5 November 2010 (UTC)

I just did a quick test and I'm not noticing any difference between my diamond shovel and bare hands when digging out unplanted tilled dirt. If there is a difference, its too small of one for my blond addled brain to pick out. --XipXoom 05:51, 5 November 2010 (UTC)
I think that using a shovel is MUCH faster than by hand (or other tools being used inappropriately); when I first played the game I couldn't keep up with the pick and kept destroying blocks beneath. After some time, it's too hard to notice because one will get used to it. However, the speed doesn't change between types of shovels being used; they only help the "life expectancy" of the tool.

Reed and Cactus farming[edit]

I think that Reed and Cactus farming should be in this page(Or article?).

I agree fully on that, they are still types of farming


how do i get the crops so i can start famin beacuase ive been tryin 4 ages with my hoe but it is just not workin

-If you right-click on a dirt tile with grass while holding the hoe, you will sometimes get seeds. Then, if you right-click on any dirt tile while still holding a hoe, you will get land which the seeds can be planted on. Good luck! -Magnus743

Destroying the long grass you see around is the best way to get seeds, you don't need a hoe for this either 02:18, 5 February 2012 (UTC)Aritimas


Okay... I don't think everyone might agree with this but right now in Minecraft, this word, "Farming" has a lot of meanings. Some of the more common farms might be cacti, reeds, obsidian, trees and mobs. But since this farming is actually an official feature in Minecraft, it deserves an article for itself. So I propose to rename this article as Wheat Farming or something similar. Opinions? --Scykei 12:20, 27 November 2010 (UTC)

BUMP. I disagree with renaming it. The other kinds of farming (gold-, diamond-, obsidian-, tree-, etc. farming) are using farming as a metaphor for producing a reliable supply of that good in the same sense that actual farming produces a reliable supply of food. I think it's fine to call actual farming "farming" and the header "This page is about wheat farming. For information on the systematic production of other resources, see Renewable Resources." is a good way to point people to the other forms. Steviesteveo 14:20, 10 May 2011 (UTC)
I agree that there should be a rename or migration to the actual topic. Wheat farming is wheat farming, not farming in general. There are different aspects of farming as Scykei mentioned: wheat farming, item farming, mob farming, and then there is melon farming. The page FARMING should be used as a DISAMBIGUATION page and a short description article giving an overview of farming and the history of it, and that points to wheat farming, melon farming, pumpkin farming, item/mob farming, and newer types of farming in the future. It's going to have be changed sooner or later, so might as well do it now. -Asterick6 04:28, 27 September 2011 (UTC)

Soil or Field?[edit]

In the block template, it is named Soil, but on the page it is called a Field. Which one should we make it? -F1racer101 19:52, 9 December 2010 (CST)

I just thinks that Field sounds better Benawesome150 21:33, 12 September 2011 (UTC)

Since dirt is called dirt and not soil or field, we should use soil because it is more accurate to the actual term. Btw this is an encyclopedia isn't it? -Asterick6 04:22, 27 September 2011 (UTC)

Bananas. -- 00:25, 6 September 2013 (UTC)


Noting Seeds redirects here but they are also a stackable item with a graphic and an item data value. So maybe they need their own section or stub. --JellyfishGreen 11:21, 12 January 2011 (UTC)


It seems to me that this page is in need of a complete rewrite. It seems to repeat itself a lot and its fairly inconsistent. Some clarity in the data would also be good, as well as some new pictures. Any volunteers? Does anyone agree or disagree?

Growth Rates[edit]

Where did you get that information on the growth rates i have been trying to find that for days. I am trying to mod minecraft and make wheat growth faster but I cant find that file could someone put the name and location of the file in the topic please

Do Mobs Destroy Farmland?[edit]

Do Skeletons, Spiders, Creepers, etc. Trample crops? I've had my game on peaceful because my farml is a floating, open island, and animals spawned there when I placed torches so I removed all the torches. If I leave it in darkness and aggressive mobs spawn, will they also trample the crops? --Darksoulknight 13:17, 25 February 2011 (UTC)

Aggressive mobs DON'T spawn on Peaceful.Drenay 13:36, 25 February 2011 (UTC)
I know that, lol. I'm wondering if when I put it back on Normal or Hard, will the aggresive mobs trample my crops? --Darksoulknight 14:00, 25 February 2011 (UTC)
Yes. A block of glass directly above wheat eliminates all trampling from mobs except the chicken and spider. Only a lit grassless enclosure will keep them out.PlNG 02:54, 30 March 2011 (UTC)
Use redstone torches, these keep the aggressives and passives/ neutrals out, then make a fence around it with a door. Rocĸetor talk 06:29, 30 March 2011 (UTC)
Spiders do not trample crops --HexZyle 04:47, 18 July 2011 (UTC)

Lava instead of water?[edit]

Is it possible to use lava to grow crops instead of water?

Apperantly, paulsauresjr can.


You mean sugar cane? No, but you can remove the water and replace it with lava (then it will not grow though)

You mean wheat? Very slowly. The lava doesn't speed it up though.

You mean trees? No. It will catch fire.

You mean cactuses? No. Rocĸetor talk 06:32, 30 March 2011 (UTC)

Water underneath soil works[edit]

At least, it did for me as of 1.5. I didn't have the space to have pools or a ring of water, so I decided to mine down one more block, fill it with water, and put soil above it. The soil IS hydrated... it seemed like it even hydrated faster, though that could have just been coincidence. ~Shippinu

I'm working on testing the optimal growth patterns on a test world this week. I'll try putting water beneath the soil to confirm this. (Genshou 05:06, 8 May 2011 (UTC))
I've tried this a few times and never found it to work; the farmland decays instead of hydrating. You may have had a block of water 4 blocks away that you didn't consider. Pareidolon 01:06, 19 August 2011 (UTC)
Couldn't get this to work in 1.0, but wasted a lot of time trying. Have removed the tip suggesting it based on my experience and comments on Hydration indicating that water only hydrates down. -kevmurray 0813, 24 Nov 2011 (UTC)

Rename to WHEAT Farming[edit]

There's a reason, you can farm melon, pumpkin, sugar canes, cacti, mushrooms, etc. CosmoConsole my page! my talk! my contributions! 14:19, 16 September 2011 (UTC)

How about we combine all the farming pages under a single subheading of farming? –The preceding unsigned comment was added by (Talk) Please sign your posts with ~~~~
That's the other way around. CosmoConsole my page! my talk! my contributions! 06:14, 17 September 2011 (UTC)
I believe we should make the actual farming disambiguation article now. Farming page to link to all specific types of farming, and then the tilled dirt article that describes that actual block itself. You guys know what I mean now right? -Asterick6 04:32, 27 September 2011 (UTC)

New article page on Tilled land/soil/dirt?[edit]

I've noticed that many articles link to farmland, tilled land, tilled soil, but there is no page for "Tilled Soil". I don't know if it's a technical block or a real block type, but I was thinking that maybe there should be a section detailing the tilled dirt and the uses and relationships for various crops, characteristics, and bugs for it because no page actually describes it in detail about all aspects of it. I don't really know the procedure and best name for creating a page so I'll leave this up to the experts to decide and make the correct title for it. Asterick6 06:55, 26 September 2011 (UTC)

There is already a page : farmland. If you mean to separate the Farmland and Wheat Farming pages, I agreed. And it should be on the Farmland page. – Scaler (t) 07:02, 26 September 2011 (UTC)
With the addition of melons and (growing)pumpkins, its wrong to place farmland at wheat farming, while it is so much more. Swpe 14:18, 26 September 2011 (UTC)

Yes there IS a page named Farmland, except it REDIRECTS to THIS one. After the implementation of Melons, Melon farming, and Pumpkin farming, I think there is a reason to have a completely independent page about the actual TILLED DIRT by ITSELF. What I mean is an article describing the aspects of the tilled dirt - the dirt that occurs when you right-click dirt or grass with a hoe. And I believe "farmland" is called TILLED dirt since it is dirt that has been "tilled" by a hoe. Like I said before, I don't know whether tilled dirt is an actual block or a technical one(seems like a technical block), but I feel that there needs to be an article that has the Tilled Dirt (farmland) Tiles section, Hydrated (farmland) Tiles section, Farmland Block Decay scetion, and specific bugs and details related directly to the tilled dirt itself, e.g. torches cannot be placed on tilled dirt blocks. The info on this page should be migrated over to that one. Also, having mentioned the technical block detail, I think Tilled dirt should be included in the article for technical block types if it is a technical block. I can make a page without discussing, but I just want to address this since people are still relating minecraft farming in general as wheat farming. But since melon blocks are now officially part of the game, and that they do require tilled dirt to grow, I think it's now obsolete to think of farming as only wheat farming. Therefore, the Farmland page shouldn't be a redirect. Also all mentions of "crops" in this Wheat Farming page should be changed to "wheat" as wheat is no longer the only crop in minecraft. ..and btw all this was a bit unnecessary, but you get my point. So someone please help migrate it or I'll do it tomorrow. Thanks for hearing me out.

-Asterick6 04:19, 27 September 2011 (UTC)
If this is an official vote for splitting the page, I'm all for it. --King Starscream 14:15, 27 September 2011 (UTC)
I agree, lets seperate. Swpe 14:20, 27 September 2011 (UTC)
Can we move it now? I don't know if we need a vote or something... - Asterick6 05:20, 28 September 2011 (UTC)
Done it. Farmland now is a page. People those think it should be Tilled Dirt instead, go over the farmland talk page and debate it there. And we should reconstruct this page. Swpe 09:47, 29 September 2011 (UTC)

Wheat growing glitch?[edit]

When I playing Minecraft Beta 1.7.3, I made Wheat farm. While I planting seed, 1~2 Crops are ready to harvested! Without using bone meal! I didn't even finished to plating seed all over the farm.. Why this happened? Can anyone confirm it on 1.8.1 or 1.9?

There is 0,000000001522435234375 chance for wheat to grow to maturity in 7 seconds under optimal conditions. Maybe you just lucky? — MiiNiPaaT|C 14:10, 26 September 2011 (UTC)
And where did you get that number from? I dont see it on the page. Swpe 14:27, 26 September 2011 (UTC)
"Every second, crop can grow up 1 level with a probability of growthRate/100 (maximum 5.5%)." The rest is a math. — MiiNiPaaT|C 14:56, 26 September 2011 (UTC)
0,055^7 = 1,522*10^-9 . Yup correct, I think I`ll put that on the page Swpe 15:00, 26 September 2011 (UTC)

Optimal Patterns is unclear[edit]

The picture of optimal and sub-optimal patterns should be more clear in showing if the blocks without crops on it need to be farmland or not. Also it should be more clear what should be next to the pattern. Can the pattern repeat, or does it need something in between each pattern? Matt49 16:53, 2 October 2011 (UTC)

Wheat automatically dying when light level 0[edit]

I found out that wheat automatically dies (dropping seeds (and wheat, if fully grown)) when they are in light level 0. Can someone add that info? Thanks :)

Wheat crops grow in light level 9 or more in the block above them, survive but not grow in light level 8 in the crops block (when lit horizontally), die in light level 0-7 in the crops block. -- Karyonix 15:24, 21 October 2011 (UTC) edited Karyonix 01:13, 25 October 2011 (UTC)

Wheat Not Growing[edit]

I have ran some tests that seem to suggest wheat does not grow if not within an area that is considered always "loaded" even when all players are offline, or otherwise when there is no one online within a certain distance of the wheat then they are considered "unloaded" and do not grow. Can anyone confirm or deny this? Tests ran on 1.8 and prerelease 1.9.3. It seemed the wheat would only grow when I was online standing near it.

For anything to grow you've got to be online, the land it's on needs to be loaded. If it isn't the game just saves it and leaves it for when you get back, even on dedicated servers. It'll also definitely stop growing if the chunk de-rezzes, but will continue when you re-enter the chunk. 02:31, 5 February 2012 (UTC)Aritimas

Optimal Design for Larger Farming[edit]

(broken link)

I don't think there's a better way to save time vs this method, if your aim is to gather a large amount of wheat from frequent visits.

Automatic farming methods addition?[edit]

I would like to suggest a new addition to the automatic farming methods section.

My idea (pardon the lack of image, but I cannot provide at this time. Perhaps a later time) is based on a automatic farm I saw on a server I frequent.

The way it works is as follows:

At the foot of the farm, is a small channel to catch the items and flow them down one path. The farm land itself is a series of 7 (?) block long farms that continue end to end so that water may run from one farm to the next before reaching its limit.

At the head of the farm is a lever, hooked up to an inverter, hooked up to a series of sticky pistons positioned directly behind the farm, holding up a block (of any kind that holds water back) to keep a series of water blocks from flowing prematurely onto the crops.

This resulting combo (presuming the farm is prepared so that it is hydrated from underneath a wall to direct the water down the farm) results in a farming mechanism that is easily extended and can haul in an insanely large amount of seeds and wheat.

I intend to include an image tonight of this farm. Please wait for me to upload an image before including it.

Da ninja 23:17, 1 November 2011 (UTC)

You don't need sticky pistons though: A piston facing upwards is enough to block water flow. I agree on your suggestion - there should be a section showing optimal ways to make an automatic harvesting farm.

Merge all farming related stuff[edit]

May i suggest that all farming related pages (Such as Melon farming, Pumpkin farmin, Cacti Farming, Sugar Cane Farming, Tree farming, and Wheat farming) be merged into a single page (Farming)?

Da ninja 23:23, 1 November 2011 (UTC)

Most of the different methods of farming are different enough that they shouldn't be included on the same page. For example, Cacti and Tree farming don't need water, Cacti, Tree, and Sugar Cane farming don't require hoes, melon and pumpkin farming require you to leave empty farmland near the seeds, wheat farming uses more complex mechanics and mathematical computations than the others, and their automated methods (when available) are different as well. I think the current method (a "Farming" disambiguation page) is probably best. 15:34, 4 December 2011 (UTC)

Rewrite 1/18/2012[edit]

Out of curiosity, I spent some time studying the crop growth algorithm in the source. I did some modeling, and come up with some plots and statistics that I think will help clarify the wheat "Growth Rates". I rewrote that part of the article, and reorganized the rest of it to try and streamline the whole thing. Hopefully I haven't stepped on anyone's toes. I think the result will be much easier to follow. JRoush 08:06, 18 January 2012 (UTC)

Corrections... 28/06/2012[edit]

Haven't made any changes to the page yet, but the information on growth rates is currently incorrect.
The probability of wheat growing is 1 / floor(25/rate)+1
And the rate is calculated by the following:

 rate = 1
 for each block in the 3x3 area below the crop {
   f = 0
   if block is farmland {
     f = 1
     if farmland is hydrated {
       f = 3
   if the current block is not directly below the crop {
     f = f / 4
   rate = rate + f
 if crops are planted diagonally, or in both cardinal directions to, this crop {
   rate = rate / 2

For hydrated farmland, with crops planted in rows, this gives a rate of 16 and a probability of 0.5 per upadate. and for a fully planted field, a rate of 8 and a probability of 0.25 per update. Crucially, this means that planting full fields has exactly the same rate of yield as planting rows.

The current calculations would have been correct, if not for the floor function (in the code, java.util.Random.nextInt(int) is used, so the (25/rate) is cast to int before it is passed as an argument). -- 15:05, 28 June 2012 (UTC)

Ways on Watering Wheat and Bamboo[edit]

Hey every one! So my question or topic to talk about is ways of watering wheat and bamboo for now. So how can you water wheat, by having a water block underneath, on one of the sides, or what I wanna know is can you put a pressure plate (of any kind)and put it on the top part of the cube and have water run under neath it, to water the wheat? Wouldn't that be cool? for your path ways between your farms and use up less space? Next is Bamboo. Plain and simple, you know you have to have water touching each bamboo plant in order for you to be able to plant (place it down) it, right? So, can you put water under neath it or do the same thing as you make a path way? If you can't do those questions of mine, hey you all out there that are creators for Minecraft out there possible bug fix (update) Suggestion!

-- 23:25, 7 October 2012 (UTC)Modern1, Oct. 7th

Suggested rename[edit]

Carrots and Potatoes have identical growth mechanics to wheat. I propose we rename this page to Crop farming, and simply cover all 3 crops on one page, which I am willing to add myself. What does everyone think? — MK (c/t) 10:49, 3 November 2012 (UTC)

Sounds reasonable, though there is one important difference: unhydrated farmland with carrots or potatoes planted will revert to dirt, causing the plants to uproot; with wheat planted, it stays farmland, but growth is slowed. -- Orthotope 05:48, 4 November 2012 (UTC)
I support this rename; the detail explained by Orthotope could be described in the wheat section of the page. --Keithicus420 21:50, 12 January 2013 (UTC)

If this does get changed, could someone address one way or another whether rows of the different types of crops will interfere with each other's growths? --Trevortni 02:57, 13 March 2013 (UTC)

They didn't interfere with each other in my tests.JabberwockySR 01:09, 23 August 2013 (UTC)


Noob to minecraft. My hoe does not till, just digs up dirt. Help - what am I doing wrong. tks, maven223

Right-click. -- Orthotope 20:17, 4 February 2013 (UTC)


Can someone confirm whether or not wheat grows slower in desert biomes? Team a 01:00, 25 July 2013 (UTC)

Alternating crops[edit]

It seems from my farm that alternating rows work as well as rows with unused farmland between. I am going to build a test to verify this, but I was hoping that someone familiar with the could could confirm or deny that this is how it should be working. JabberwockySR 22:50, 21 August 2013 (UTC)

Addition: Initial tests with 3 9x9 fields planted and watched twice, 1 solidly planted with wheat, 1 planted in rows of wheat, and 1 planted with alternating rows of wheat and potatoes showed that the dual-crop field grew as fast as the wheat-only rows. I would recommend dual-crop fields.JabberwockySR 01:07, 23 August 2013 (UTC)

Too much emphasis on rows[edit]

This article is correct stricly speaking, but I think it may be a bit misleading to a lot of people with its usage of the word "optimal". Of course it's clearly stated that the optimal thing the page is discussing is growth rate, so it's all correct, but my guess is people will read "the optimal way of farming is rows" instead. Too much emphasis on row farming.

And they would be almost right to do so. Because the growth rate difference between row and full surface farming is totally irrelevant to farming ("farming" understood as "getting an amount of wheat in an amount of time"). The only thing row is good for is increasing a supply of seeds faster.

(The following assumes rows has twice the rate as full surface farming for simplicity which is generous to row farming, it also assumes we have all the seeds we need)

Beyond that, for any finite surface, full surface style strictly beats row farming because it produces the same harvest (more in fact) in the same amount of time with half as many travelling sessions to the farm. What about pushing the limits ? what about infinite surface ? There's no such thing, the max surface if working full time is the one you can cover until the first seed (statistically) grows minus the time it takes to come back to your starting point; in this case, full surface farming still beats rows because of that little additional block you have to travel each row ! :D

To conclude, the growth rate difference between row and full farming is only relevant to increase a seed supply. Once a field has reached its max size, there's no point in row farming except losing time and efficiency. So yeah, my suggestion is less emphasis on optimal growth rate since it's almost irrelevant to farming, even more when you consider that the most common constraints are available surface (not because surface is rare - nice points of view are the rare thing) or amount of care begged by the farm (travelling to the farm every 30ish minutes ? no thanks).

I kinda agree... the growth bonus for rows (including alternating rows as above) should still be mentioned for startup (when you do need speed), but after that, the big issue is how much crops you get per harvest, with harvest coming whenever you need more. --Mental Mouse 19:18, 31 August 2013 (UTC)

So, drawing lessons from this post with editing wiki in mind:

Section "Growth rate"

Maybe put a word of caution as conclusion, something like:

"However, a better growth rate does not necessarily mean a better farm, because the efficiency of the corresponding pattern has to be taken into account (not to mention other parameters like convenience)."

Section "Tips for efficient/automated farming"

-Wiki:"Planting in rows on a layer of hydrated farmland produces the wheat the fastest for a given number of seeds."

=>No, except if you replant the EXTRA seeds you get from harvesting every 30 min, expanding the occupied surface. But then, what does "a given number of seeds mean" ? :D A "given STARTING number of seeds" would be correct. So this part needs disambiguation. I would phrase it this way :

"Planting in rows on a layer of hydrated farmland from a small initial supply of seeds produces the fastest increase in seed supply (and some bonus wheat) if harvesting is done every 37 minutes. After the desired field surface is reached, it is better to switch to a higher efficiency pattern like full surface planting (better harvest per unit surface AND unit time)."

-Wiki:"However, planting a solid area of hydrated farmland packs about twice as many individual crops into the same space, each taking a little less than twice as long to mature (see the section on Growth Rates above). Thus, planting an area solid will actually produce slightly more wheat than planting it in rows, and will need to be harvested much less often."

=> Yeap ! If the above change is implemented, then just need to change "However" to "Indeed" for consistency ;)

-Wiki:"This may suit some players who do not like to monitor their farms too closely."

=>What does this mean ? You Wiki just told me solid planting was better in all aspects except startup !! :D The truth is, This may suit players who don't care getting the full harvest every hour with less travelling instead of less than half the harvest every half an hour with more travelling. So yeah, does not sound appealing, right ?. Could just be erased.

PS: I'm not English, so phrase the things as you please.

21:03, 3 September 2013 (UTC) some1

I'm actually working on a replacement for the Wheat/Carrot/Potato Farming pages at User:Mental Mouse/Sandbox/Crop Farming, but probably won't be able to finish it up until sometime next week. --Mental Mouse 22:36, 3 September 2013 (UTC)