Sugar Canes

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Sugar Canes
Sugar Canes.png
Sugar Canes

Non-Solid Block







Blast resistance





Any tool




Yes (64)



First appearances

See History



Data values

See Data values



Sugar cane (formerly called reeds, and sometimes called papyrus or bamboo) is an item and an important crafting ingredient.


Sugar cane can be mined instantly with anything. When a sugar cane is pushed by a piston, it breaks.

Natural generation[edit]

Naturally-occurring sugar cane near a pond.

Sugar cane can generate naturally near water, mostly three-blocks tall, but has a small chance to naturally spawn four-blocks tall.


An underground sugar cane farm

Sugar cane must be planted on a grass, dirt, sand, podzol, coarse dirt or red sand block that is directly adjacent to water (not merely above or diagonal to water). The adjacent water block can be covered with another block, whether opaque or transparent, and sugar cane will still be able to be placed and grow next to it. It can also be planted next to flowing water. It does not need light to grow. Sugar cane may grow to a maximum height of three blocks. The player can place sugar cane atop existing sugar cane blocks to make sugar cane of any height up to the build limit.


Due to its water-displacing properties, sugar cane can interestingly be used to create underwater paths, allowing players to move at normal speed and breathe if it is two blocks in height. Water must be adjacent to the block the sugar cane is placed on.

Sugar cane can appear as a different shade of green depending on the biome in which they are placed.

Crafting ingredient[edit]

Name Ingredients Crafting recipe


Sugar Canes

Grid layout Arrow (small).png Sugar

Sugar Canes


Sugar Canes

Grid layout Arrow (small).png Paper3
Sugar Canes Sugar Canes Sugar Canes


Note: This video was made before sugar cane had a different shade of green depending on the biome.

Data values[edit]

Sugar cane blocks use block data to determine its age. They also have block states, intended to replace block data in the future.


Block ID name ID number
Sugar Cane minecraft:reeds 83
Item ID name ID number
Sugar Canes minecraft:reeds 338

Block data[edit]

Bits Values
0x0 Freshly planted sugar cane.
0x1 to 0x15 The data value is incremented at random intervals.
When it becomes 15, a new sugar cane block is created on top as long as the total height does not exceed 3.

Block states[edit]

Name Value Description

0–15 A freshly-planted cane – and a cane which has just grown cane above it – each have an age of 0.
The age is incremented at random intervals.
At age 15, a cane may try to grow more cane above it.


1.0.11 Reeds, (the previous name used for sugar cane(s)) were added in the Seecret Friday Update 6 (Alpha v1.0.11 patch) and informally referred to as bamboo or papyrus by many players. Since reeds could be washed away with water currents or instantly destroyed by removing the water adjacent to them, automated reed farms could be made in previous versions of Minecraft.
1.2 Notch retconned reeds into sugar cane in Beta 1.2 because the recipe for the cake(s) introduced in that update needed a source of sugar.
1.6 As of Beta 1.6, projectile interaction with sugar cane was changed: arrows no longer stick to sugar cane(s), and instead, they pass through. However, snowballs will still come into contact with any sugar cane blocks as if they are solid.
1.8 As of Beta 1.8, sugar cane can grow and be placed onto sand as long as they are adjacent to water, though before Beta 1.8, sugar canes could still spawn on dirt adjacent to water, but could not be placed onto sand. This update allows sugar canes to appear next to water ponds in desert biomes.
Official release
1.7.2 13w36a The color of sugar cane changes depending on the biome they're in.
13w37a Block ID 83 (sugar cane) was removed from the /give command.
Pocket Edition Alpha
0.1.0 Added sugar cane.
0.5.0 Sugar cane can now be grown on sand.
0.9.0 Sugar cane color changes depending on the biome.
Console Edition
TU1 Sugar canes added. They are solid, making it useful for growable walls.
TU2 Sugar canes are no longer solid, and arrows pass through them.
Pi Edition
0.1.1 Added sugar canes.


Issues relating to "Sugar Canes" are maintained on the issue tracker. Report issues there.


  • In the code, sugar cane is still referenced as "reeds," both the inventory edited block and the item. It is also called reed in the F3 screen.
  • When a sugar cane is broken at the second level, the time resets. (For example, if a two-high sugar cane is broken but is just about to grow to the third stage, it would reset that time)
  • In the Pocket Edition, you can use bone meal to help grow sugar cane. You cannot do this on PC.