Light level of 7 or less, 3x3x2 space on solid blocks (spawns only on top of the central block). Top half of space may be occupied by transparent blocks (glass, etc.).
Spiders are common mobs that can be neutral or hostile depending on the light level. They are hostile in light levels of 7 or less, and neutral in light levels of over 7. They do not burn up in sunlight like Zombies and Skeletons. Spiders have the unique ability to climb most blocks vertically, and can see the player through solid blocks.
A spider measures 2 x 2 x 1 blocks, with black skin and red eyes that glow eerily in the dark. They make distinctive hissing noises.
Spiders can spawn on a 1 x 1 block space, if there are no blocks next to them. Water or glass blocks are considered a block in this regard, glass panes or iron bars are not. They also cannot spawn in a 1 block high space, if the ceiling is a solid block. They can spawn in a 1 block high space, if the ceiling is a transparent block (like glass).
Spiders have the ability to climb vertical block stacks, and can leap 2 - 3 blocks.
Because of their dimensions, Spiders cannot enter 1-block wide spaces that Zombies, Skeletons, and Creepers can, but they can crawl through 1-block high gaps (that are 2 blocks wide) whereas most other mobs cannot.
There is a 1% chance that a spider will spawn with a Skeleton on its back, forming the dreaded Spider Jockey. The Skeleton's ability to fire arrows combined with the speed, leaping, and wall-climbing of the Spider makes this a very dangerous opponent.
On Hard difficulty and on a full moon, spiders have a chance of spawning with a single beneficial status effect. This effect can be Swiftness, Strength, Regeneration, or Invisibility, and has an essentially infinite duration.
Spiders are a good source of string, which is a critical ingredient of bows, fishing rods and leads and can also be used to make (white) wool. Each spider drops 0 - 2 pieces of string on death. If the player kills the spider (i.e. death is not caused by another mob or mob farm), spider eyes will drop.
Dungeons that contain a spider monster spawner can be fitted with cactus blocks so the player can harvest spider string. Because spiders are two blocks wide, they cannot pass through a one-block gap between two cactus blocks (or a cactus and a wall) and will press themselves to death against a cactus trying to chase the player. Dungeon doorways can also be modified to trap spiders inside, allowing the player to kill them and obtain spider eyes and experience orbs, as well as the string.
Spiders are hostile as long as the light level immediately around them is 9 or less. If they are found in an area with a higher light level, they won't attack unless a player attacks first. Hostile spiders will continue to chase the player even if they are exposed to daytime or other well-lit locations. Conversely, a spider won't become hostile around a player when roaming in daylight, but if it wanders into a moderately shaded area (e.g. under a tree or rocky overhang) it will turn hostile and remain that way. If a spider sustains damage from a source other than the player, such as falling, its hostility will be reset, so that if it is in a well-lit area, it will not be hostile towards the player.
Spiders can draw line of sight through solid objects. They will pursue the player even when completely cut off from them, so long as they are within the standard aggressive mob's 16 block search radius. The spider will then approach as close as possible and ambush the player even if it subsequently becomes light. Spiders on the surface can also track a player in a cave or tunnel if there is a clear path above the player they can follow and vice versa.
Spiders can climb up over walls and other obstacles as if all blocks had ladders on them. However, spiders are careless and somewhat clumsy climbers and will often fall off other blocks and take fall damage while in pursuit of the player. Spiders do not turn sideways when climbing up walls and cannot climb along the tops of ceilings. When a spider climbs a wall and hits a ceiling or roof, it will fall and take damage. If there are blocks around the top of a wall, a spider will not be able to climb to the top, making this a good defense against the mob. However, if there are no blocks around the top of a building, the spider may climb on top of the roof of the building and ambush the player as they exit the building. Spiders seem to be oblivious to cactus damage as they may touch or even climb onto cacti, often being pricked to their death. This can also be used to the player's advantage when being chased as a spider is oblivious to its own safety when chasing the player.
While not poisonous themselves, Spiders are unaffected by Splash Potions of Poison.
Spiders will often jump around when attacking, making them a moving target and harder to hit. In the Pocket Edition, spiders move at a pace slightly slower than the player's walking speed.
Since they can pounce and move almost as fast as the player when hunting at night or aggravated, spiders should never be underestimated. As the only naturally occurring source of string apart from dungeon chests and cobwebs in abandoned mine shafts and strongholds, preparation and effort can pay off when hunting them. Wearing armor and carrying a stone or iron sword or bow is recommended. A bow is the preferred weapon, as arrows can damage a spider at a safe distance and spiders present a large and visible target due to their size and glowing eyes. When attacking a group of spiders, pick off the ones that aren't too close to others in order to avoid aggravating several at once. In a sword fight, it is best not to charge at a spider directly, but to retreat while attacking when it pounces to avoid getting hit.
Alternatively, the player can dig a narrow trench with a depth of 2 blocks in order to be able to attack spiders safely from underneath, trapping them above the gap. This strategy has mixed results, as some players have reported spiders waiting for them to exit the trench before pouncing, a behavior possibly caused by the AI that makes the spider lose track of the player after a number of unsuccessful attacks and therefore become neutral until the player is visible. Players should also keep in mind that trenches can leave them vulnerable to other mobs (skeletons, zombies, and especially Creepers) in the vicinity.
When attacking or being attacked by spiders, prepared or unprepared, your first priority should be to have the high ground, or if that is not possible, to at least ensure the spider does not have the high ground. When on higher ground the player can continuously attack the spider, preventing it from jumping and avoiding the attack while also ensuring the spider does not have a clear jump on the player. If the spider has the high ground on a player, it is advisable that the player retreat to flat ground before engaging with the spider, due to the fact that if the spider has the high ground, it will be able to jump on the player's head with the extra height. This causes an almost unavoidable attack and thus causing unnecessary damage. A player can also attack the spider as it drops down on the player similar to fighting a Slime. This can also be useful as it can easily do fall damage to the spider once it lands. The player can also use the spider's width to get out of difficult situations. If the ill-equipped player is being pursued by one or more spiders, it is best to hide behind a one block wide gap, so the spiders will be incapable of hitting the player. Be careful! The player must stand at least two blocks in the gap, as the spiders can attack at close range.
Farming spiders for experience orbs is more difficult than other monsters because of the spider's ability to climb and the tendency for spiders to constantly target the player up to 16 blocks away, making controlling their movement more complicated than a skeleton or zombie. It is still possible to control them by building certain safeguards to force the spiders into containment, and has the advantage that, unlike most other mobs, it is easy to build entrances and spaces where the player can go but the spider cannot.
 Defensive Measures
Like other hostile mobs, spiders are vulnerable to fire, fall damage, lava, and are injured by contact with Cactus blocks. They can be set on fire with a flint and steel in the day time, taking damage but remaining neutral towards the player. Surface spider populations can be controlled if the player sleeps regularly in a bed at dusk, since the night gives more chances to spawn than the day time. When traveling at night, the player is advised to watch for active spiders' glowing red eyes in the darkness.
 Construction Safeguards
Spiders can climb any vertical solid surface. One way to deal with this is to make sure the room is accessible through only a 1x1 hole (or a 1x2 high doorway with or without a door, although other hostile mobs will be able to fit through this gap) that spiders cannot crawl into. Alternatively, a lip or overhang on a wall will stop them from breaching it. The player can alternate an overhang every other block to conserve materials, as spiders are 2 blocks wide and cannot climb walls sideways, however, due to new skeleton AI, it is not unusual to find a couple skeletons hiding from the sun under any eave you create along walls.
For more tips on spider-proofing, please consult this guide.
|0.26||Added spiders. The second mob added in Survival Test, spiders were originally brown in early development (changed to the current texture because of a suggestion from a user on the TIGSource forums). They did not jump as far (compared to their range in the Beta update) and killing them gave the player 105 points.|
|February 19, 2010||Spiders now to drop 0 - 2 string upon death.|
|1.2||Spiders were given the ability to climb vertical walls made of any block and could "see" the player through solid blocks to track them down (Creepers used to have this ability before it was transferred to the Spiders).|
|1.4||Spiders stopped trampling crops, or making step sounds (or the step sounds were much quieter).|
|1.5||A cobweb block was added to the game files. Cobwebs did not naturally occur at the time, but they were fully functional if hacked into the game.|
|1.8||Cobwebs began to generate naturally in Abandoned Mine Shafts.|
|1.3.1||Spiders now become aggressive towards the last mob or player that hit them.|
|1.4.2||12w39a||Spiders were given a new walking sound.|
|1.6.1||13w24a||Spiders have a chance to spawn with the Swiftness, Strength, Regeneration, or Invisibility status effects on Hard difficulty.|
|1.7.2||1.7pre||Spiders are no longer provoked when attacked by the player in Creative Mode.|
|1.8||14w06a||Spiders can no longer see the player through blocks, and have been updated to the new AI system.|
|Pocket Edition Alpha|
|The eyes on Spiders now glow in the dark, making them easier to spot at night.|
|0.8.0||build 2||Bug introduced where spiders are extremely fast.|
|build 3||Fixed above bug.|
|0.9.0||build 1||Leaves will now have a chance to spawn spiders, creating a higher amount of spiders in tree-rich biomes at night. (version exclusive)|
|build 4||The animation for spiders is now twice as fast.|
|0.9.2||Spiders no longer draw a line of sight through solid blocks.|
|TU14||Spiders become aggressive towards the last mob or player that hit them now.|
- The original color of the Spider was brown; it is unknown why the color was changed.
- You can still see a Spider's eyes when a Spider is hit with a Potion of Invisibility.
- Sometimes after attacking a spider in sunlight, the spider will cease attacking the player; this is presumably the high light levels turning the spider neutral.
- Spiders slow down when climbing vertical surfaces, making it easier for a player to outrun them around steep mountains and cliffs.
- A spider can jump sideways or backwards.
- They appear to be based on real life jumping spiders due to their eye pattern and the fact that they pounce to attack. However, most jumping spiders hunt in the day.
- Spiders can travel through a space that is 1½ blocks wide. This can happen when glass panes are part of a wall composed mostly of solid blocks. If a glass pane on the end of a long window is broken, spiders can crawl through the gap that is created.
- If you set a spider on fire, it burns with a huge flame.
- Due to Spiders (And Endermen) having a separate texture for their eyes file, they can be seen as a bright-red "shadow" from within lava. (Endermen have the same effect). Similarly, Spiders hidden by fog will appear pure white.
- Spider's footstep noises get some special handling: They have a lower chance than other mobs to make a noise when they walk on a block, but they are wider, and so touch more blocks at once. The result comes out about even with other mobs.
- The looting enchantment does not affect number of Spider Eyes dropped, only the probability of a drop.
- While the spider will always pounce to attack (unless swimming), it doesn't actually need to—their attack is by touch like most unarmed mobs. However, their jumping may make the spider harder to hit.
- Curiously, in Pocket Edition, neutral spiders sometimes are found without their abdomen.
- At close range, Spiders occasionally pounce their attackers instead of being knocked back.
- If the water a Spider is swimming in is only 1 block deep, they may pounce nearby enemies upon touching the submerged floor.
- A spider will actually follow you regardless of y axis. That means if you are above ground and a spider is underground, it will still 'see' you.
- Spiders do not have a 'hurt' sound file; they simply play one of their 'idle' files.