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Ore

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All of the current ores.

Ore is a type of block in Minecraft.

Purpose[edit | edit source]

Ores are primarily collected for crafting purposes, such as for tools and armor. Redstone is obtained from redstone ore, which can be used to create redstone circuits. Ore can also be combined to create a block of the material's type.

Availability[edit | edit source]

This graph shows the actual amount of ore found in a relatively small but untapped world.
Ores extracted down to bedrock

The following is the distribution of ores according to the altitude (layers are number of blocks above the lowest layer of bedrock). The highest layers that gold, redstone, diamond, and lapis lazuli can be found on are two layers lower.[1] The graph on the right shows the ore distribution.

Ore type Most found on... Commonly found up to... Rare on layers... None at or above... Lowest tier of pickaxe needed for drop Found in...

Coal
Layers 5-52 Layer 128 Layer 129-131 Layer 132
Wooden

The Overworld

Iron
Layers 5-54 Layer 64 Layer 65-67 Layer 68
Stone

The Overworld

Lapis Lazuli
Layers 14-16 [note 1] Layer 23 Layer 31-33 Layer 34
Stone

The Overworld

Gold
Layers 5-29 Layer 29 Layer 31-33 Layer 34
Iron

The Overworld

Diamond
Layers 5-12 Layer 12 Layer 13-15 Layer 16
Iron

The Overworld

Redstone
Layers 5-12 Layer 12 Layer 13-15 Layer 16
Iron

The Overworld

Emerald
[note 2]
Layers 5-29 Layer 29 Layer 30-32 Layer 33
Iron

The Overworld
, only in the Extreme Hills biome

Nether Quartz
[note 3]
Layers 15-120 Layer 120 Layer 124-125 Layer 126
Wooden

The Nether
  1. Unlike other ores, lapis lazuli's frequency peaks around layer 15, and slowly tapers off above and below.
  2. Instead of multi-block veins, emerald ore is placed in scattered blocks.
  3. Quartz spawns equally in all parts of the nether. (Not counting lava and bedrock.)

Redstone has the same layer and line-size statistics as Diamond, but is generated 8 times per chunk as opposed to 1.

Ore varieties[edit | edit source]

All ore blocks except iron and gold require a Silk Touch pickaxe to drop themselves. Coal, diamond, emerald, and nether quartz ores drop 1 unit their corresponding raw materials. Redstone ore drops 4-5 redstone dust, and lapis lazuli ore drops 4-8 lapis lazuli.

Finished raw materials[edit | edit source]

Crafting recipe[edit | edit source]

All raw materials except Nether quartz can be crafted from their mineral blocks.

Ingredients Crafting recipe

Any mineral block




Grid layout Arrow (small).png Coal9Iron Ingot9Lapis Lazuli9Gold Ingot9Redstone9Diamond9Emerald9

Block of CoalBlock of IronLapis Lazuli BlockBlock of GoldBlock of RedstoneBlock of DiamondBlock of Emerald



Smelting recipe[edit | edit source]

Any ore block can be smelted to produce a single unit of raw material. Note that this is the only way to obtain iron and gold ingots. This is not recommended for redstone ore because the block drops 4-5 redstone when mined.

Ingredients Smelting recipe

Any raw ore

Coal OreIron OreLapis Lazuli OreGold OreRedstone OreDiamond OreEmerald OreNether Quartz Ore Grid layout Furnace Progress.png CoalIron IngotLapis LazuliGold IngotRedstoneDiamondEmeraldNether Quartz
Grid layout Fire.png
CoalCharcoalOak WoodOak Wood Planks

Craftable blocks[edit | edit source]

Crafting recipes[edit | edit source]

All mineral blocks except quartz are crafted by putting 9 of the raw material items in a square. Quartz blocks are crafted with 4 nether quartz and can be crafted in the inventory.

Ingredients Crafting recipe

Any processed ore

CoalIron IngotLapis LazuliGold IngotRedstoneDiamondEmerald
CoalIron IngotLapis LazuliGold IngotRedstoneDiamondEmerald
CoalIron IngotLapis LazuliGold IngotRedstoneDiamondEmerald
Grid layout Arrow (small).png Block of CoalBlock of IronLapis Lazuli BlockBlock of GoldBlock of RedstoneBlock of DiamondBlock of EmeraldBlock of Quartz
CoalIron IngotLapis LazuliGold IngotRedstoneDiamondEmeraldNether Quartz CoalIron IngotLapis LazuliGold IngotRedstoneDiamondEmeraldNether Quartz CoalIron IngotLapis LazuliGold IngotRedstoneDiamondEmerald
CoalIron IngotLapis LazuliGold IngotRedstoneDiamondEmeraldNether Quartz CoalIron IngotLapis LazuliGold IngotRedstoneDiamondEmeraldNether Quartz CoalIron IngotLapis LazuliGold IngotRedstoneDiamondEmerald

Video[edit | edit source]

History[edit | edit source]

Classic
0.0.14a_01 Grid Iron Ore.png Grid Coal Ore.png Old Gold Ore.png Added gold ore, iron ore, and coal ore.
They could only be found exposed in amounts ranging from roughly 10 to 30 in a vein. Since there was the lack of a crafting system, these can only be mined for fun and will not yield any useful materials.
0.26 SURVIVAL TEST 9 Changed the texture of gold ore to Grid Gold Ore.png.
0.27 SURVIVAL TEST 10 Mining an ore gives the corresponding block of it.
Indev
0.31 Grid Diamond Ore.png Added diamond ore.
Alpha
1.0.1 Grid Redstone Ore.png Added redstone ore.
Beta
1.2 Grid Lapis Lazuli Ore.pngAdded lapis lazuli ore.
1.6 Bug fixed where ore was more or less common depending on the quadrant.
1.8 The highest layer for some ores was lowered by 2.
Official release
1.0.0 Beta 1.9-pre4 Coal, diamond, redstone, and lapis lazuli can now also drop as ore blocks with Silk Touch.
1.3.1 12w21a Removed Ruby Ore.png Added emerald ore, which generates in veins up to 10 blocks.
12w21b Emerald ore's texture was changed to Grid Emerald Ore.png.
12w22a All ores except gold and iron (which give experience when smelted) drop experience points when mined.
Emerald ore spawns by itself, instead of in veins.
1.5 13w01a Added nether quartz ore.
1.8 14w29a Ore generation is now a lot faster.

Trivia[edit | edit source]

  • Iron and gold drop the actual ore block when mined without the Silk Touch enchantment. All of the other ores drop the usable item when mined.
  • Gold ore is the only ore that can't be mined by its own pickaxe.
  • Only iron, gold and diamond can be used to make tools.

Gallery[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]