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Ore

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A picture of every ore except emerald and nether quartz.
All of the current ores.
All of the current overworld ores including emerald ore and diamond ore.
A vein of coal, and a vein of iron, both in a ravine. Ores like this can be hard to get to, due to the difficulty of climbing the ravine's wall.

Ore is a block type in Minecraft. Ores are primarily collected for crafting purposes, such as for tools and armor. Redstone Ore is used as a type of "wiring" that can be used to create Redstone circuits, compasses, clocks, and other items. Ore can also be combined to create a block of the material's type. Blocks are hard to make, as they require nine pieces of material to create (blocks of quartz, however, require 4 Nether quartz crystals).

Contents

[edit] Availability

This graph shows the actual amount of ore found in a relatively small but untapped world.
Ores extracted down to bedrock
Ore density by quadrant before Beta 1.6

In Minecraft, the following is the distribution of ores according to the altitude (layers are number of blocks above the lowest layer of bedrock). As of Beta 1.8, the highest layers that Gold, Redstone, Diamond, and Lapis Lazuli can be found on are two layers lower.[1] The graph on the right shows the ore distribution in 1.1. The change to the 256-block worlds in the weekly releases before 1.2 did not affect world generation, as seen in this interactive chart.

Ore type Most found on... Commonly found up to... Rare on layers... None at or above... Lowest tier of pickaxe needed for drop Found in...

Coal
Layers 5-52 Layer 128 Layer 129-131 Layer 132 A wooden pickaxe or better is required to mine this block
The Overworld

Iron
Layers 5-54 Layer 64 Layer 65-67 Layer 68 A stone pickaxe or better is required to mine this block
The Overworld

Lapis Lazuli
Layers 14-16 [note 1] Layer 23 Layer 31-33 Layer 34 A stone pickaxe or better is required to mine this block
The Overworld

Gold
Layers 5-29 Layer 29 Layer 31-33 Layer 34 An iron pickaxe or better is required to mine this block
The Overworld

Diamond
Layers 5-12 Layer 12 Layer 13-15 Layer 16 An iron pickaxe or better is required to mine this block
The Overworld

Redstone
Layers 5-12 Layer 12 Layer 13-15 Layer 16 An iron pickaxe or better is required to mine this block
The Overworld

Emerald
[note 2]
Layers 5-29 Layer 29 Layer 30-32 Layer 33 An iron pickaxe or better is required to mine this block
The Overworld
, only in the Extreme Hills biome

Nether Quartz
[note 3]
Layers 15-120 Layer 120 Layer 124-125 Layer 126 A wooden pickaxe or better is required to mine this block
The Nether
  1. Unlike other ores, lapis lazuli's frequency peaks around layer 15, and slowly tapers off above and below.
  2. Instead of multi-block veins, emerald ore is placed in scattered blocks.
  3. Quartz spawns equally in all parts of the nether. (Not counting lava and bedrock.)

Redstone has the same layer and line-size statistics as Diamond, but is generated 8 times per chunk as opposed to 1.

In chunks generated prior to Beta 1.6, ore also varies depending on the section of the map it is generated in due to a bug (fixed in 1.6) in the spawning algorithm. In the quadrant southwest of the point (0,0), ore spawned approximately 50% more than in the quadrant northeast of the point (0,0). The quadrants northwest and southeast of the point (0,0) split the difference between the extremes. (See image below) Any chunks generated after Beta 1.6 do not show this disparity as the spawning algorithm has been fixed. The bug fix did not modify any already existing chunks.

[edit] Ore varieties

[edit] Finished raw materials

[edit] Craftable blocks

[edit] History

Classic
0.0.14a_01 Added gold ore, iron ore, and coal ore.
They could only be found exposed in amounts ranging from roughly 10 to 30 in a vein. Since there was the lack of a crafting system, these can only be mined for fun and will not yield any useful materials.
0.27 SURVIVAL TEST 10 Mining an ore gives the corresponding block of it.
Indev
0.31 Added Diamond Ore.
Alpha
1.0.1 Added Redstone Ore.
Beta
1.2 Added Lapis Lazuli Ore.
1.6 Bug fixed where ore was more or less common depending on the quadrant.
1.8 The highest layer for some ores was lowered by 2.
1.9pre4 Coal, Diamond, Redstone, and Lapis Lazuli can now also drop as ore blocks with Silk Touch.
Official release
1.3.1 12w21a Added Emerald Ore. The Emeralds it yields can be used to trade with villagers.
12w22a All ores except Gold and Iron (which give experience when smelted) drop experience points when mined.
Emerald ore spawns by itself, instead of in veins.
1.5 13w01a Added Nether Quartz Ore.
Upcoming
1.8 14w29a Ore generation is now a lot faster.

[edit] Video

[edit] Trivia

  • Iron and Gold drop the actual ore block when mined without the Silk Touch Enchantment. All of the other ores drop the usable item when mined.
  • Lapis Lazuli, Nether Quartz, and Emerald do not have the same texture as the other ores. All of the other ores have the same texture, but with a different color.
  • Gold ore is the only ore that can't be mined by its own pickaxe.
  • Only Iron, Gold and Diamond can be used to make tools.
  • Nether Quartz is the only ore whose texture is not stone-based but resembles netherrack, as it is the only ore found in the Nether.
    • It is also the only ore where 4 of the raw material make a resource block instead of 9, and it is the only ore where its resource block can't be crafted back into the raw material.
  • Dirt, gravel, granite, diorite and andesite spawn in the same way as normal ores.
  • Fortune adds drops to Redstone Ore, but multiplies Lapis Lazuli drops.
  • Emerald were Rubies in the snapshot 12w21a. There was also a Ruby Ore.
  • Lapis Lazuli Ore actually uses the texture of the Lapis Lazuli Block, splattered across the stone.

[edit] References