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Red Mushroom.pngBrown Mushroom.png
Brown MushroomRed Mushroom



Hunger.svgHunger.svgHunger.svg (when crafted into stew)




Yes (64)


Yes, 1

First appearance

Classic 0.0.20

Data values
dec: 39 hex: 27 bin: 100111
dec: 40 hex: 28 bin: 101000

Mushrooms can grow in dark caves and shady areas. They are more readily available in swamp, roofed forest, and mushroom island biomes, as well as in caverns and in the Nether due to the low light conditions. They have also been known to spawn in forests, jungles, and mega taiga biomes. A brown mushroom alone will increase the air block it occupies by one light level. Red mushrooms are generally rarer than their brown counterparts.


Mushrooms can be collected by hand and planted on the ground in light levels below 13 and not directly underneath the sky. (except in the cases of mycelium or podzol blocks, where mushrooms will remain planted even under full sun).

Mushrooms grow only at light level 12 and below, except when planted on mycelium or podzol. Mushrooms grow at the same rate regardless of light level.[1] Brown and red mushrooms grow at the same speed.[2]

Mushroom farms can be built. One method is to use bone meal on planted mushrooms which will grow them into huge mushrooms provided they are planted on a dirt, grass, mycelium, or podzol block and they have sufficient room to grow. Mushrooms will pop out of the ground if water flows over them, they are pushed by a piston, or the light level goes above 12 and the block next to them updates.

The individual blocks of huge mushrooms will drop individual small mushrooms when broken by the player. The blocks cannot be set on fire and are unaffected by lava.

Mooshrooms are a unique mob that serve as a source for red mushrooms (when sheared) and mushroom stew (when "milked" by the player while holding a bowl).


Crafting ingredient[edit]

Name Ingredients Crafting recipe

Fermented Spider Eye

Brown Mushroom +
Sugar +
Spider Eye

Grid layout Arrow (small).png Fermented Spider Eye
Mushroom Sugar

Spider Eye
Grid layout Shapeless.png

Mushroom Stew

Red Mushroom +
Brown Mushroom +

Grid layout Arrow (small).png Mushroom Stew
Mushroom Mushroom

Grid layout Shapeless.png

Rabbit Stew

Bowl +
Carrot +
Cooked Rabbit +
Baked Potato +
Any Mushroom

Cooked Rabbit
Grid layout Arrow (small).png Rabbit Stew
Carrot Baked Potato MushroomMushroom


Smelting ingredient (Pocket Edition only)[edit]

Name Ingredients Smelting recipe

Rose Red

Red Mushroom +
Any fuel

Mushroom Grid layout Furnace Progress.png Rose Red
Grid layout Fire.png
CoalCharcoalOak WoodOak Wood Planks



0.0.20 Red and brown mushrooms added.
Mushrooms were a decorative item, having no crafting use and remaining in the ground when planted. Mushrooms could be placed on any block except another mushroom, and would remain planted when the block below them was removed.
Pigs were able to eat mushrooms and sheep dropped brown mushrooms.
0.24_SURVIVAL_TEST Consumption of a mushroom healed 5 (Heart.svgHeart.svgHalf Heart.svg).
0.26 SURVIVAL TEST 8 Mushrooms now only spawn underground.
Consumption of a red mushroom causes 3 (Heart.svgHalf Heart.svg) damage to the player's health.
Mushrooms were generated in rare instances under trees or in the shadows of other floating continents in the "Floating" map type.
Red and brown mushrooms could not be eaten on their own, but could be crafted together with a bowl to yield mushroom stew.
1.2 With the addition of biomes and the dimly-lit Nether, mushrooms became a more common sight.
1.6 Mushrooms could be generated in the open when exploring during night, or under low-light conditions such as those found under trees or overhangs. If planted in direct sunlight or a light level higher than 12 they popped out of the ground. Several bug reports mentioned mushrooms growing on top of trees, but this was a very rare phenomenon.
Mushrooms were given an ability to spread in light levels under 13 onto any square touching their own, including squares located upwards and downwards diagonally. Mushrooms could be placed on any solid, non-transparent, square including pumpkins, workbenches, furnaces, and chests. However, while mushrooms could be placed on Jack o'Lantern and glowstone blocks, they would not grow due to the brightness of these blocks.
1.8 Mushrooms' spreading ability was severely restricted - a mushroom would only spread if there were fewer than 5 mushrooms of the same type in a 9w x 9l x 3h area around the original mushroom. However, mushroom farming became easier in another way since bone meal could be used on mushrooms to grow huge mushrooms that dropped several individual fungi when harvested. Mushrooms could also be found more easily in the new swamp biome under vine-covered trees.
Official release
1.0.0 Beta 1.9-pre1 A mushroom island biome was added, composed of mycelium blocks and populated by huge mushrooms and Mooshrooms, strange red cows with red mushrooms growing on their backs.
Beta 1.9-pre2 A new crafting recipe was added involving brown mushrooms. Each one could be crafted with a unit of sugar and a spider eye to produce a fermented spider eye.
1.7.2 13w36a The new item Podzol allows Mushrooms to grow on it regardless of the light level.
Pocket Edition Alpha
0.1.0 Added mushrooms.
0.5.0 Mushrooms can now be farmed.
Console Edition
TU1 Added mushrooms.
Pi Edition
0.1.1 Added mushrooms.


  • Sometimes you cannot place mushrooms. This is due to them requiring a light level dark enough to be grown on. However, you can grow mushrooms on Mycelium or Podzol at any point in the day.
  • Red mushrooms bear a strong resemblance to Amanita muscaria (Fly Agaric) mushrooms. Consuming Amanita muscaria will cause delirium and hallucinogenic effects if their psychoactive properties have not been reduced by parboiling. Similarly, red mushrooms in Minecraft caused damage to the player in the Survival Test.
  • Brown mushrooms are more common than red mushrooms in swamps, and this is balanced by mushroom islands having Mooshrooms, making red mushrooms more common there.
  • Mushrooms are one of the few blocks an Enderman can pick up.
  • Brown Mushrooms emit a very small amount of light but it's so small it has to be completely dark to notice it.
  • If The Player enters the Void at the top of the Nether, they may find mushrooms on top of bedrock blocks.
  • Mushrooms can often be seen in a ring around tree trunks due to the shade provided by the tree's leaves.