Minecraft

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Minecraft
Mclogo.svg
Author(s)
Platform(s)
Computer
WindowsOS XLinux
Pocket Edition
AndroidiOSFire OS.pngWindows PhoneWindows 10
Console Edition
Xbox 360Xbox OneWiiU.svg
Playstation 3Playstation 4Playstation Vita
Education Edition
OS XWindows 10
Written in
Latest version
Computer
1.10.2 (16w39b)
Pocket Edition
Alpha 0.15.9
Console Edition
Xbox 360: TU42
Xbox One: CU32
PS3: 1.35
PS4: 1.35
PSVita: 1.35
Wii U: Patch 12
Released
Computer
May 17, 2009 (Classic)
November 18, 2011 (1.0)
Pocket Edition
Android: August 16, 2011
iOS: November 16, 2011
Fire OS: April 2, 2014
Windows Phone: December 10, 2014
Windows 10: July 29, 2015
Console Edition
Xbox 360: May 9, 2012
PS3: December 17, 2013
PS4: September 4, 2014
Xbox One: September 5th, 2014
PSVita: October 14, 2014
Wii U: December 17, 2015[3]
Education Edition
Summer 2016
Rating(s)
Computer
DEJUS: L (Livre)[4]
GSRR: P (6+)[5]
Pocket Edition[note 1]
Apple: 9+[6]
Google: Everyone 10+[7]
Amazon: Guidance Suggested[8]
Windows: Everyone 10+[9]
PEGI: 7+[10]
ACB: M[11]
DEJUS: L (Livre)[12]
DEJUS: 10[13]
Console Edition[note 1]
PEGI: 7+[14]
ESRB: E10+[15]
ACB: PG[16]
USK: 6[17]
GSRR: P (6+) (Xbox One only)[18]
GSRR: PG12 (12+) (PS4 only)[19]
DEJUS: L (Livre)[4]
DEJUS: 10[20][21][22][23]
Windows 10 Edition[note 1]
Everyone 10+[24]
DEJUS: 10[25]
Size
License

Terms of Use

Source available

No, in .class files packed in a java archive (.jar)

Links

Minecraft is a sandbox video game written in Java originally created by Markus "Notch" Persson, maintained by Mojang AB, and part of Microsoft Studios. It is heavily inspired by Infiniminer.

From its creation, Minecraft was developed almost exclusively by Notch until Jens "Jeb" Bergensten started working with him, and has since become head of its development. It features music by Daniel "C418" Rosenfeld and paintings by Kristoffer Zetterstrand. Initially released as what is now known as Minecraft Classic on May 17, 2009, the game was released as Minecraft 1.0 on November 18, 2011. Since its release, Minecraft has expanded to mobile devices and consoles. On November 6, 2014, Minecraft and all of Mojang's assets were acquired by Microsoft.[26][27]

Minecraft focuses on allowing the player to explore, interact with, and modify a dynamically-generated map made of one-cubic-meter-sized blocks. In addition to blocks, the environment features plants, mobs, and items. Some activities in the game include mining for ore, fighting hostile mobs, and crafting new blocks and tools by gathering various resources found in the game. The game's open-ended model allows players to create structures, creations and artwork on various multiplayer servers or their own single player maps. Other features include redstone circuits for logic computations and remote actions, minecarts and tracks, and a mysterious underworld called the Nether. Ultimately, the completely optional goal of the game is to travel to a dimension called the End, and defeat the Ender Dragon.

Purchase and availability

Main menu of Minecraft with random splash text.[28]
The original Minecraft logo before the new logo update for the website on 27–28 April 2011 and Beta 1.4

Minecraft can be purchased for €24.90 (or US $26.95/GB £17.32). All editions of the game can be bought as a one-time purchase.[29] Once purchased, the game can be played by downloading the launcher. Players were previously able to play the game in their browser, but that feature was removed with the implementation of the new Minecraft Launcher. It is also possible to buy Minecraft gift codes for others, for the same price as buying the game for oneself.

Previous versions of Minecraft (Pre-classic, Classic, Infdev, Alpha, and Beta) are available in the Minecraft launcher.

Pocket Edition can be purchased in the Google Play Store, Amazon App Store, Apple App Store, Windows Phone Store, and Windows 10 Store for Android, iOS, Fire TV, Windows Phone, and Windows 10, respectively.

Console Edition can be purchased in the Xbox 360 Marketplace, the Xbox One Markertplace, the PlayStation 3 Store, the PlayStation 4 Store, the PlayStation Vita Store, and the Nintendo eShop.

Hardware requirements

See also: Hardware performance

According to https://help.mojang.com/customer/portal/articles/325948-minecraft-system-requirements :

Minimum requirements

  • CPU: Intel Pentium D or AMD Athlon 64 (K8) 2.6 GHz
  • RAM: 2GB
  • GPU (Integrated): Intel HD Graphics or AMD (formerly ATI) Radeon HD Graphics with OpenGL 2.1
  • GPU (Discrete): Nvidia GeForce 9600 GT or AMD Radeon HD 2400 with OpenGL 3.1
  • HDD: At least 200MB for Game Core and Other Files
  • Java Version: Java 6 Release 45

Recommended requirements

  • CPU: Intel Core i3 or AMD Athlon II (K10) 2.8 GHz
  • RAM: 4GB
  • GPU: GeForce 2xx Series or AMD Radeon HD 5xxx Series (Excluding Integrated Chipsets) with OpenGL 3.3
  • HDD: 1GB
  • Latest release of Java 8 from java.com/en/download/

Software requirements

  • Minecraft Release 1.6 or newer. Older versions will need to be updated to current versions
  • Please note that some users experience issues playing Minecraft while using a mismatched version of Java for their operating system (32 or 64 bit), while using certain versions of Java 7, or while multiple versions of Java are installed.

If you have a laptop with an a built-in (integrated) graphics card, rather than a dedicated card, it is highly suggested that you try the demo before purchase.

A stable internet connection is required for Minecraft to download game files, authenticate usernames, and connect to multiplayer servers. You'll need to download and run Minecraft while connected to the internet at least once; afterwards, you can play without an internet connection, but will need to connect if you'd like to receive updates or play online.

Minecraft will not run on a toaster (despite some actually using Java), your car (feel free to prove us wrong, though), or a Chromebook.

Information on system requirements for running a Minecraft server can be found here.

Gameplay

A new game of Minecraft

Player

The player is the person that the user controls in the world. When the user starts a game, the player is put in a world, generated by a random or specified seed, with an empty inventory. If the bonus chest option is enabled, a chest filled with basic items generates near the player. The player has a health bar with 10 hearts, and can be damaged by falls, suffocation, drowning, fire, lava, lightning, cacti, falling into the Void, and being hit by hostile mobs. Damage to health can be mitigated by armor, and health can be restored by eating food, or if difficulty is set to Peaceful, health will regenerate on its own. Hunger is also a factor if the difficulty is not set to Peaceful, depleting over time and even faster while sprinting. Food will replenish the hunger level; however, eating rotten flesh and raw chicken has a chance of giving the player a hunger effect. Depending on the difficulty level, a low hunger level will deplete a players health.

A player can change their skin on the profile page of Minecraft.net.

Blocks

Blocks are the objects that make up the Minecraft world, and were borrowed from Minecraft's original influence, Infiniminer. There are different types of blocks; natural blocks such as grass, stone, and ores are randomly generated within the world. There are also blocks that players can craft, such as a crafting table and a furnace. Resources can be extracted from blocks by hand or by using tools. Some of these resources are simply blocks in the player's inventory that can be placed elsewhere, while others are used as material to create other blocks or tools. Others yield no practical use whatsoever. Some blocks cannot be broken through normal survival means; these being Bedrock, End Portal Frames, and Command Blocks.

Mining

Various ores (in proximity of lava) that can be mined

As the game's name would suggest, mining is one of the main aspects of Minecraft. Mining is done to extract ore and other materials from below the surface of the map. These ores include coal, iron, gold, redstone, diamond, lapis lazuli, and emerald. These are crucial in making several useful items. Mining can involve digging a hole from the surface or going down through a cave. Abandoned mineshafts create extra areas to look for resources.

Crafting and smelting

Crafting allows players to create new tools and blocks using items from their inventory. Crafting was first implemented in Indev, and Notch has expanded the crafting recipes with new versions, blocks, and items. To craft, a player can use the 2×2 grid in the inventory or the 3×3 grid provided by a crafting table. Smelting requires a furnace in addition to fuel, and processes blocks such as iron ore into a more useful form (e.g. iron ingot).

Brewing and enchanting

An Enchantment Table with glyphs being absorbed into it

Brewing and enchanting were game elements added in Minecraft 1.0. Brewing creates potions from various ingredients and water using a Brewing Stand. They are stored in a glass bottle and then consumed by the player or thrown at other mobs to generate a certain effect based on the ingredients used to create the potion. Enchanting is also used to upgrade armor, tools, or weapons with a enchanting table. More powerful enchantments can be accessed by gaining experience and placing bookshelves around the enchanting table.

Mobs

A creeper in daylight

Mobs (short for Mobiles) are the animals and other creatures that inhabit the map. These include zombies that attack by melee and summon other zombies; skeletons that have a bow and arrow, spiders that jump large distances and can climb walls, and creepers that explode when near the player. Rare mobs include spider jockeys, which is a skeleton riding a spider, chicken jockeys, which is a baby zombie riding a chicken, endermen, which are tall, black creatures with purple eyes and turn aggressive when the player looks at them, and slimes, which spawn deep within the map and in swamplands. The Nether features ghasts; flying mobs that spit exploding fire balls and attack without provocation, and zombie pigmen; modified pigmen with a golden sword that are neutral, blazes; which shoot fireballs and fly, and magma cubes, which are similar to slimes but jump a bit higher). In the End, the Ender Dragon exists. Withers can be built in all dimensions.

To aid the player there are several passive mobs: pigs, cows, chickens, sheep, rabbits and squid, and three tamable mob types, wolves, ocelots, and horses. Wolves will attack enemy mobs if the player engages or is attacked by them. Cats, or tamed ocelots will keep creepers at bay and can't take fall damage. Passive mobs other than wolves yield resources when killed, such as beef, porkchops, chicken, wool, leather, and ink sacs. If killed when on fire, the meat drops are changed to steaks, cooked porkchops and cooked chicken.

There is currently only one NPC mob: villagers, which spawn and move about within their village.

The Nether

The Nether is a dimension in Minecraft, accessible from the Overworld by a Nether Portal. It was described by Notch as "a brand new hell world". It consists mainly of Netherrack and generates lakes of lava. It is populated by Zombie Pigmen, Blazes, Ghasts, Wither Skeletons, and Magma Cubes.

The End

The End

The End is another dimension of the game where the player battles the Ender Dragon. The End is accessible by entering an End Portal in a Stronghold. The End is composed of End Stone and is inhabited by Endermen. It also contains Obsidian Pillars and Ender Crystals that heal the Ender Dragon.

Multiplayer

PvP on a multiplayer server

The multiplayer feature was introduced on June 8, 2009 for Classic, and later as SMP (Survival Multiplayer) on August 4, 2010, and has been a popular part of the game ever since. Minecraft multiplayer servers have developed to include their own rules and customs, guided by their administrators and moderators. The term griefer, meaning a player who causes grief, is a typical term on the internet, but has taken up its own definition on Minecraft servers: a person who destroys or defiles other users' creations on servers.

Griefers are the reason many server administrators make rules, but this has been taken a step further with modifications to the Minecraft server and even plugin-based replacement servers such as Bukkit. Because of these plugin-based servers, new user-created features have shown up in Minecraft. This includes features like money, vehicles, protection, RPG elements and more. These features normally do not require modification to a user's client and can be accessed by using chat commands. With the default controls, the chat screen is brought up by pressing T.

One popular game on multiplayer servers is Spleef (a play on the word "grief"), a game where the player's aim is to make another player drop through the floor by destroying blocks beneath the opponent's feet. This is typically played in a designated area.

Minecraft Realms

Minecraft Realms is an official subscription-based server hosting service that allows players to create and manage their own private Minecraft servers. Hosted by Mojang, Realms provides an easy and fast way to create servers and allows the owner to manage them from inside the game, without prior knowledge of the concepts for hosting on the Internet. However, Realms are not intended for large public servers, but for groups of friends or as a family server.[30] Private Realms servers are easy to set up and available 24/7.

Development

See also: Version history

Creation

Notch got the idea for Minecraft after playing Infiniminer with other members of the TIGSource forums in 2009.[31] Other influences include Dwarf Fortress, Dungeon Keeper,[32] and Notch's own previous project, RubyDung.[33]

Notchface.png I realized that a game that simple yet that dynamic had a lot of potential to turn into a really great game, and kept coming up with things I wanted to change and stuff I wanted to add.
Notch on minecraft.net[34]

When he first started working on Minecraft, Notch had planned for it to just be a small project. For instance, when Notch uploaded the first YouTube video of Minecraft on May 13, 2009, he had not yet decided on a name, and simply referred to it as a "cave game".[35][36] The name "Minecraft: Order of the Stone" (a reference to Order of the Stick, a web comic and "one of the best things on the internet")[37] was announced the next day[38] (from a suggestion a TIGSource forums user gave in an IRC chat[39]), and then shortly after, it was shortened to "Minecraft" as it was much simpler and to prevent people from confusing it with Order of the Stick. The game was finally released for an "early private singleplayer alpha" on May 16, 2009.[40]

Classic

Minecraft 0.0.11a was publicly released the day after the private release on May 17, 2009,[41] and the game received mention on IndieGames.com the day after that.[42] This phase was later named Minecraft Classic.[43] In July, Minecraft was rewritten to use the Lightweight Java Gaming Library (LWJGL).[44] Until Minecraft Beta reintroduced it, Classic was the only version of Minecraft with the Creative game mode, which allows the player to build and destroy blocks, allowing the creation of all sorts of objects. Players are given an infinite amount of each block to build with.

Survival Test

Survival Test was released as a version of Classic on September 1, 2009. It was the introduction of Survival Mode. In it, the player now had to mine blocks, face mobs, and had a health bar. If the player were to die, the map was lost, and unless backed up, the user would have to start over with a new map, similar to Hardcore mode.

Indev

Indev (short for In Development) was released on December 23, 2009 after Notch received requests to let the community try out new features he was implementing in Survival Test. Indev version 0.31 was released to the public on minecraft.net/indev and available only to people who had purchased the game. When a new game was started, the player would spawn in a prefabricated wooden house.

Updates introduced a more complex and realistic lighting scheme than Classic. Indev received more updates after this, adding a few fundamental features to Minecraft as it went. During its lifespan, some updates were devoted mostly to testing new things, like torches or fire. Unique to Indev was level types, similar to biomes and the Dimensions - for example, Floating Islands and the Sky Dimension, and Hell and The Nether. Like Survival Test, if the player were to die, all progress was lost.

Infdev

Infdev (short for Infinite Development) was released on February 27, 2010, and became the third phase of Minecraft's development. It featured the important addition of maps that can generate infinitely, which extended the gameplay possibilities even further as well as other upgrades including new crafting recipes, 3D clouds, a new terrain generator, a more realistic fluid system, and more complex caves. However, Infdev scrapped other features of Indev such as world themes. This in turn spelled the demise of features such as 'floating islands' and 'permaday'. These removals are understandable, as Infdev's main purpose was to develop infinite maps. However, some extra gameplay features and items were added, such as the addition of minecarts and the ability to respawn. After being replaced by Alpha on June 28, 2010, Infdev remained available on the official Minecraft website until September 2010, when it was removed.

Alpha

Alpha was released on June 28, 2010, and saw many major features added to Minecraft. Multiplayer for Survival was created, and features such as Redstone Circuits, boats, new music, new mobs, and a Difficulty setting were added to the game, often without announcement in "Seecret Friday Updates".

The Halloween Update on October 31, 2010 was a major update adding biomes, The Nether, new mobs, blocks and items, and other changes.

One could see Alpha's introduction of biomes as being the return, at least in part, of Indev's world themes, and indeed the Nether is not unlike the 'Hell' world theme. Another reintroduction in Alpha was the return of multiplayer. Unlike Classic's Creative multiplayer, Alpha's multiplayer was only available in Survival form (logically called Survival multiplayer.)

Beta

Beta was the fifth and last phase of Minecraft's development before its official release. Beta was released on December 20, 2010. Features that were added include a new logo and launcher, achievements and statistics, weather, Smooth Lighting, dyes, more plant types (two new types of trees and Tall Grass), wolves and squid, beds, and other blocks and items.

The Adventure Update was a major set of updates, focusing on exploring, combat, and add an ending to the game. Features added include new terrain generator, new mobs, blocks, biomes, and items. More generated structures where added; villages, strongholds, abandoned mineshafts. Changes to general gameplay include an improved combat system including critical hits and experience, a reintroduced Creative Mode, Hardcore Mode, and a way to finish the game by traveling to The End and defeating the Ender Dragon.

Originally planned to be started in Beta 1.7, the first part of the Adventure Update was released as Beta 1.8 on September 14, 2011. Starting on September 9th, 2011, developmental versions were "leaked" by Mojang.[45] Beta 1.9 was never released, but 6 pre-releases using the 1.9 version number were made available for users to test and report bugs back to Mojang. On October 18, a feature freeze went into effect and Mojang shifted all Minecraft development focus to fixing bugs and preparing the game for release.[46] On November 13 a release candidate of 1.0 was released, along with an official update to 1.8.1 that added sounds from the developmental version.[47]

It is still playable on the Minecraft launcher by checking the "old Beta Minecraft versions" option in the Profile Editor window.

Minecraft 1.0

The official release of Minecraft, Minecraft 1.0, was released on November 18, 2011, during MineCon. The release includes many features from the Adventure Update that were not included in Beta 1.8. The most prominent feature is an ending to the game, which can be achieved by defeating the Ender Dragon boss in The End. For the full version changelog of Minecraft 1.0, see Version History.

Subsequent updates have since been released, with additions such as new gameplay mechanics, new mobs and biomes. For the full list of additions since Minecraft 1.0, see Version history.

Table of features

Below is a short summary of what features each new milestone introduces.

Feature Pre-Classic Classic Indev Infdev Alpha Beta Official Release
Creative Survival Test Minecraft 1.0 Minecraft 1.6 Minecraft 1.9
Premium account Not required Required Required for full version and multiplayer Required
Availability Yes Premium only
Multiplayer No Yes No Yes Premium only
Crafting No Yes
Inventory No Yes No Yes
Health No Yes
Hunger No After 1.8 Yes
Day/night cycle No Yes
Infinite map size No Yes Up to 29999999 blocks
Map environment No Yes
Caves No Yes
Biomes No After 1.2.0 Yes
Set spawn location No Yes No Yes
Permadeath No Yes No Hardcore
Mobs After Pre 0.0.9a (rd-132328) Yes
Infinite water No Yes Only in Island maps Yes
Redstone Wiring No Yes
Achievements and statistics No After 1.5 Yes
The Nether No After 1.2.0 Yes
The End No 1.9 Pre-release 3 Yes
Colored wool/cloth No Yes Partial No Yes
Sprinting No After 1.8 Yes
Breeding No 1.9 Pre-release Yes
Potions No 1.9 Pre-release Yes
Enchanting No 1.9 Pre-release Yes

Other Editions

Minecraft sales data.

Computer

The original platform for Minecraft and its most popular version. Runs on Windows, Mac OS X, and Linux, started through the launcher or browser.

Other versions of Minecraft for the computer include Minecraft 4k and the PC Gamer Minecraft Demo. 4k is a simple version of Minecraft in the style of other "4k" Java games that Notch has entered in contests. PC Gamer Demo is a version of Beta 1.3 with helpful dialogs and a 100 minute play time limit.

Pocket Edition

Notch with the Pocket Edition of Minecraft.

Minecraft Pocket Edition is designed for mobile platforms, with gameplay similar to Beta. It features many blocks, a local WiFi multiplayer, and is currently available on Google Play, the iTunes App Store, Windows Store, and the Amazon Appstore.

Minecraft Pocket Edition was released on August 16, 2011 and is designed for mobile platforms, with gameplay similar to Classic. It debuted on Sony's Xperia Play Android phone. The game is being developed by Mojang employees Jens Bergensten, Aron Nieminen, Daniel Kaplan and Tommaso Checchi. A version for all supported Android phones was released on October 7, 2011 after the exclusivity agreement between Sony and Mojang expired and the touch screen controls were added.[48][49] On November 16, a version for iOS was released. On April 2, 2014, a version was released for the Amazon Fire TV, and a version for Windows Phone was released on December 10.

Console Edition

The cover art for Minecraft: Xbox 360 Edition.

Minecraft: Console Edition refers to the port of computer edition 1.3.2 of Minecraft for consoles. Although almost identical to the computer edition in most aspects, there are several notable distinctions between the two. The Xbox 360 Edition is designed to be able to use Kinect, although optional. The game has been continuously updated by its developers, 4J Studios.

Minecraft was released on the Xbox 360 on May 9, 2012. It was announced by Mojang on June 7, 2011 at E3 and the release date was announced on March 22nd through PlayXBLA's Twitter account. Kinect support will be available later on.

It was also released on the PlayStation 3 on December 17, 2013. It was announced August 20, 2013 and performs identically to the Xbox 360 Edition. The game has since become available on Xbox One, the PlayStation 4, the PlayStation Vita, and the Wii U.

Pi Edition

Minecraft: Pi Edition is a ported version of the 0.5.0 version of Pocket Edition for the Raspberry Pi.[50] It is completely free to download and is intended as an educational tool for novice programmers, allowing users to manipulate the game code. It supports multiple programming languages. As of January 2016, this edition has been discontinued.

Windows 10 Edition

Minecraft Windows 10 Edition Logo

Minecraft Windows 10 Edition was released July 29, 2015 and is a port of Minecraft Pocket Edition for Windows 10. The game is written in C++ rather than Java. This version is available in the Windows 10 Store.[51]

Education Edition

Minecraft: Education Edition is an upcoming educational version of Minecraft specifically designed for classroom use. It is being developed by Mojang AB and Microsoft Studios and will contain features that will make Minecraft easy to use in a classroom setting. The full game is planned to be released this summer, in time for the 2016 school year.

Edition comparison

Edition Price (USD) Developer Platforms Download Input methods Account type Skin changes Support Notes
Computer $26.95 Mojang AB Windows, Mac & Linux PCs minecraft.net Keyboard & Mouse Mojang Free, user-created help.mojang.com The most feature complete version. Access to occasional test updates (snapshots).
Windows 10 Beta $9.99 Mojang AB Windows 10 PCs Windows Store Keyboard & Mouse
Touchscreen
Controller
Xbox Live Free, user-created, or via Xbox Live support.xbox.com Reduced price during beta period. Free if you already own Minecraft PC (code via Mojang account). Cross-platform local server multiplayer with Pocket Edition.
Pocket $6.99 Mojang AB Many iOS, Android, and Windows Phone devices Apple, Google, Amazon, and Windows Phone app stores Touchscreen
Controller
None Free, user-created, or via in-app purchase App stores Android users have access to occasional test updates (builds).
Education $1-5 per user per year Microsoft Studios Mac and Windows 10 PCs education.minecraft.net Keyboard & Mouse Microsoft Office 365 Free, user-created education.minecraft.net/support Designed for teaching.
Xbox One $19.99 4J Studios Xbox One Xbox Live Xbox One Controller Xbox Live Purchased via Xbox Live support.xbox.com Only $5 if you already own Minecraft: Xbox 360 Edition. Purchases and worlds transfer from Xbox 360.
Xbox 360 $19.99 4J Studios Xbox 360 Xbox Live Xbox 360 Controller Xbox Live Purchased via Xbox Live support.xbox.com
PlayStation 4 $19.99 4J Studios PlayStation 4 PSN Store DUALSHOCK 4 Controller PlayStation Network Purchased via PSN Store playstation.com/support Only $5 if you already own Minecraft: PS3 Edition. Purchases and Worlds transfer from PS3.
PlayStation 3 $19.99 4J Studios PlayStation 3 PSN Store SIXAXIS Controller
DUALSHOCK 3 Controller
PlayStation Network Purchased via PSN Store playstation.com/support
PlayStation Vita $19.99 4J Studios PlayStation Vita PSN Store PSVita PlayStation Network Not yet available playstation.com/support Allows you to get Minecraft: PS3 Edition for free and upgrade to Minecraft: PS4 Edition for $4.99.
Wii U $29.99 4J Studios Wii U Nintendo eShop Wii U GamePad
Wii U Pro Controller
Wii Classic Controller
Nintendo Network Purchased via Nintendo eShop support.nintendo.com Price includes six of the most popular add-on packs. Support for off-screen play.
Raspberry Pi Free Mojang AB Rasberry Pi pi.minecraft.net Keyboard and Mouse None Free, user-created Not available Designed for teaching and tinkering.

Game customization

Plugin API

Notch has always planned to add a plugin API, and announced official plans to support one in the game on April 26, 2011. As of yet it has not been implemented. In a post before the release of Minecraft 1.0, Notch said that the plugin API would be coming along with a new launcher.[52]

When Jeb became head of Minecraft's development in December 2011, he stated that the plugin API would be his top priority, as "there is no way in hell I will be able to add as much content as the whole internet can do". He said that they were talking to existing mod developers such as Bukkit, Minecraft Forge, and Minecraft Coder Pack.[53]

Resource packs

The game officially supports changing most of its various textures, sounds, and text through resource packs. These have to contain a certain structure of files and folders, contained in a .zip archive file and placed in the resourcepacks folder of the .minecraft folder. The resource packs, as well as the folder, can be accessed in the options menu. The extent to which the resources are changed is dependent on how many files are contained in the resource pack.

Skins

A skin refers to the texture that is placed onto a player model or mob.

The skin is divided into areas that act as the surface area of the character (for example, the front head area, left leg area, etc.). A skin will only allow solid color; transparency is not allowed on the skin file except on the second layer, which is transparent by default; playing offline, pixels can be left free resulting in "holes" in the skin. The second layer can be used to give the character glasses, hats, or other accessories (even a bigger head).

Unofficial mods

Minecraft can be modified by replacing or adding Java class files to minecraft.jar. This method of making modifications are not supported by Mojang as they can break the game if the mod is outdated, defective, or is conflicting with another mod. Some of these user created modifications have been found to impress Notch or Jeb and the original authors have been attributed under Additional Programming; an implementation of Paul Spooner's Forestry editor script (not actually an internal mod), Hippoplatimus' Piston Mod and Dr. Zhark's Mo' Creatures mod (horses) were added in Infdev (April 13, 2010), Beta 1.7 and 1.6.1 respectively, although the Forester script was later removed in Infdev.[54][55][56][57]

Third-party programs

There as many programs designed for Minecraft. These include 3D map editors and viewers, game modifiers, various informational programs (such as crafting recipes), and server wrappers, and other specialty programs. As with mods, these too are not supported by Mojang.

Media

Minecraft: The Story of Mojang

Minecraft: The Story of Mojang is a 2012 documentary created by 2 Player Productions about the history and development of Mojang AB. It was directed by Paul Owens and produced by Paul Levering, Peter De Bourcier and Burnie Burns, with additional funding given through a Kickstarter campaign. The movie was announced on February 21, 2011, was streamed on Xbox Live on December 22, 2012, and publicly released on other platforms, including The Pirate Bay, the next day.

Minecraft: The Movie

Minecraft: The Movie is an upcoming American-Swedish film based on the video game of the same name. It is being directed by Rob McElhenney and is planned to be released on May 24, 2019.

Minecraft: The Island

Minecraft: The Island is an upcoming novel by American author Maximillian Brooks; it is to be published by Del Rey Books.[58]

Other Games

Minecraft: Story Mode

Minecraft: Story Mode is an episodic point-and-click narrative-driven graphic adventure video game based on the sandbox video game Minecraft, released in October 2015 across multiple platforms with a Windows 10 release on December 16, 2015, a Wii U release on January 21, 2016, and a tvOS release on August 24, 2016. The game was developed by Mojang AB, the developer of Minecraft, in collaboration with Telltale Games. Music for the game was composed by Anadel, an atmospheric folk band based in California. The game follows the episodic format that Telltale has used for its previous titles, where player choices and actions have siginificant effects on later story elements.

Merchandise

Lego Minecraft

The four current Minecraft Handbooks

In December 2011, Mojang submitted the concept of Minecraft merchandise to Lego for the Lego Cuusoo program, from which it quickly received 10,000 votes by users, prompting Lego to review the concept.[59] On January 24, 2012, Lego Cuusoo announced the concept was approved and they would develop sets based around Minecraft. In February 2012, the first Lego Minecraft set of Micro World was showcased and made available for pre-orders, with a release set for the summer of 2012.[60]

Minecraft Books

The Official Minecraft Books are a series of guidebooks for Minecraft, written for new and inexperienced players while being high-quality enough for collectors. The books are written by Stephanie Milton, Paul Soares Jr. (paulsoaresjr), Jordan Maron (CaptainSparklez), Nick Farwell, Matthew Needler, Phil Southamt, Alex Wiltshire and published by Scholastic. There are currently five books in the series: Minecraft: Essential Handbook, Minecraft: Redstone Handbook, Minecraft: Annual 2014, Minecraft: Combat Handbook, and Minecraft: Construction Handbook They were first released in the UK in late 2013 (beginner, redstone, annual 2014) and early 2014 (combat, construction).[61]

Reception

Evaluation (PC) Publication
92.79% GameRankings
93/100 Metacritic
A+ 1UP.com
4.5/5 GamesRadar
10/10 Eurogamer
9.25/10 Game Informer
8.5/10 GameSpot
5/5 GameSpy
9.0/10 IGN

Minecraft was first made available for sale during June 2009 and has since sold over 20 million copies. Minecraft has received high acclaim from critics and has since become one of the most influential and successful indie games ever released. A level of popularity which has created an entirely new genre of Minecraft clones.[62] The game has been praised for the creative freedom it grants its players in-game, and for how dynamic the overall gameplay is. PC Gamer listed Minecraft as the fourth-best game to play at work.[63]

A review of the Alpha version, by Scott Munro of the Daily Record, called it "already something special" and urged readers to buy it.[64] Jim Rossignol of Rock, Paper, Shotgun also recommended the alpha of the game, calling it "a kind of generative 8-bit Lego S.T.A.L.K.E.R.: Shadow of Chernobyl."[65] On September 17, 2010, gaming webcomic Penny Arcade began a series of comics and news posts about the addictiveness of the game.[66] Video game talk show Good Game gave it a 7.5 and 9 out of 10, praising its creativity and customization, though they criticized its lack of a tutorial.[67]

On May 5, 2011, Minecraft was selected as one of the 80 games that will be displayed at the Smithsonian American Art Museum as part of "The Art of Video Games" exhibit that was opened on March 16, 2012.[68][69]

Awards

Mojang's trophies

Since release Minecraft has won numerous awards including:

  • PC Gamer's "Game of the Year"[70]
  • Independent Games Festival's Grand Prize and "Audience Award"[71]
  • Good Game's "Best Downloadable Game of 2010"[72]
  • Rock Paper Shotgun's "Game of the Year"[73]
  • Indie DB's "Indie of the Year", "Most Innovative and Best Singleplayer Indie"[74]
  • Game Developers Choice Awards's "Best Debut Game", "Best Downloadable Game" and "Most Innovative Game Award"[75]

References in popular culture

Many references have been made in culture in response to the popularity of Minecraft, this includes many memes and also references in these video games:

  • In Super Meat Boy, Steve?[76] is an unlockable character. He is known as Mr. Minecraft in this game.
  • In Battlefield Heroes, you could get a Royal Minecraft T-Shirt or a National Minecraft T-Shirt from the 29th to the 31st of July, 2011.[77]
  • In Team Fortress 2, there is a hat called Top Notch that resembles Notch's avatar in a cubic form.[78] Notch is the only person to have this hat.
  • In The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim and The Binding of Isaac, an item called the "Notched Pickaxe" can be found and used, referencing the game's creator Notch, and the pickaxes which feature prominently in Minecraft.[79][80]
  • In ChopLifter HD, there is a hidden island with Steve and chickens in the "Operation Charlie Takedown" mission.[81] When you save him, you unlock an in-game achievement. It should be noted that Steve is called "Blockhead" in this game.
  • In the PlayStation 3 game, PixelJunk Shooter 2, there's a small Creeper in the title screen hidden among other enemies native to Shooter 2.[82]
  • In Borderlands 2, there is a hidden section of the game with blocks in the style of Minecraft's stone and ore blocks, which are breakable. There are also enemy Creepers in this same area.[83]
  • In Torchlight 2, there is an area called "Notch's Mine." In it are Creepers, that can be killed for loot. There are also hidden swords in the game with the same graphics as swords in Minecraft.[84]
  • In season 17 of South Park, the 2nd episode depicted a kid teaching Minecraft to adults.[85]
  • In Patch 1.13 of Awesomenauts, a new skin for the character Clunk was added known as Creeper Clunk. It is unlocked by killing a player using the Creeper Clunk skin.[86]
  • A vehichle card in Dusk of D.A.W.N. is called "Mine Craft". The description at the bottom says "The Mine Craft is truly top-notch".[87] Notch's Twitter picture is hidden on the card.
  • One of the many paths in The Stanley Parable will eventually take the player to a Minecraft world.[88]
  • In Plague Inc, a popular mobile game, there is a chance a message in the news will appear about a "Top notch diamond mine in Sweden, attracting Miners and Crafters". this is a reference to the value of diamonds, Notch, and the game itself.[89]
  • In Terraria, there is a wearable creeper costume.[90]
  • In Stealing The Diamond, you need to choose "Sneak In" and use a "Pick". A creeper will show up and explode.[91]
  • In the The Walking Deceased movie trailer, the Minecraft zombie sound can be heard at 0:30.[92]
  • In season 25 of The Simpsons, the 17th episode had a couch gag known as SimCraft, complete with Bartender Moe as a creeper blowing up the house.[93]

References

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