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Minecart

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Minecart
Minecart.png
Minecart
Type

Vehicles

Durability

N/A

Renewable

Yes

Stackable

No

Network ID

42

Savegame ID

MinecartRideable

Drops


Minecart
(1)

Health points

6 (Heart.svgHeart.svgHeart.svg)

First appearance

Infdev (June 18, 2010)

Data value

dec: 328 hex: 148 bin: 101001000

Name

minecart

Minecarts are vehicle entities.

Obtaining[edit]

Minecarts can be retrieved by attacking it or derivative minecarts for some time.

Crafting[edit]

Ingredients Crafting recipe

Iron Ingot




Grid layout Arrow (small).png Minecart
Iron Ingot
Iron Ingot
Iron Ingot Iron Ingot Iron Ingot

Other minecarts[edit]

Minecart with chest, minecart with hopper and minecart with furnace will drop 1 minecart when destroyed.

Usage[edit]

Minecarts are placed in the same manner as other blocks; however, they can only be placed on top of rails. Once placed, they may be derailed by pushing them off of the end of the track. After this, they can be railed again by placing a rail directly below it.

Crafting ingredient[edit]

Name Ingredients Crafting recipe

Minecart with Chest

Chest +
Minecart




Grid layout Arrow (small).png Minecart with Chest

Chest

Minecart

Minecart with Furnace

Furnace +
Minecart




Grid layout Arrow (small).png Minecart with Furnace

Furnace

Minecart

Minecart with Hopper

Hopper +
Minecart




Grid layout Arrow (small).png Minecart with Hopper

Hopper

Minecart

Minecart with TNT

TNT +
Minecart




Grid layout Arrow (small).png Minecart with TNT

TNT

Minecart

Transportation[edit]

The rideable minecart on rails surrounded by wood slabs

Minecarts can be ridden by pressing "use" control on them. Once inside, an external impulse may be needed to make the minecart start moving. The player can slowly move the minecart while riding it, by using the direction keys. If a mob gets in front of an empty minecart, it will be pulled into the cart.

Players can exit the minecart by pressing the sneak key, however if there is only one block of headroom above the cart the player will take half a heart of suffocation damage as his head will be temporarily in the ceiling. When the minecart is exited, it searches for an adjacent or diagonal 2x2x3 area to put the player 1.5 blocks away from the cart. If none is available, the player is deposited directly above the minecart. Consequently, the player falls inside the minecart.

After rolling off of the end of a track, a minecart can be pushed around on open blocks. If a minecart is pushed onto or falls onto tracks, it will "snap" to those tracks. When riding a minecart, if the minecart lands on a rail, the player will not take any fall damage.

A minecart will stop dead when it encounters an arrow, whereas it will bounce off or fly past (if fast enough) a player.

Behavior[edit]

Speed[edit]

Minecarts have a predefined speed limit of 8 m/s per axis of travel. (1 block = 1 meter; 8 m/s = 28.8 km/hr.) A minecart traveling diagonally can therefore travel up to 11.314 m/s (i.e. the square root of the quantity 82 + 82) When a minecart comes to a turn it moves diagonally across that turn.

Boosting[edit]

Powered rails powered by redstone will give minecarts a boost of speed.

Loss of speed[edit]

One unit of kinetic energy could be defined as the energy gained by a cart going down a one block slope, and lost by a cart when it goes up a one block slope. If a 45 degree downward slope is connected directly into an upward slope, an initial height of 60 blocks will result in a final height of 40 blocks, a loss of 20 units of potential energy. But if 20 sections of flat track are inserted between the slopes, the final height will be 35. This implies that one unit of energy is lost for every 4 sections of horizontal track traveled with an initial stored energy of between 60 and 40. At much lower speeds, much less energy is lost, implying that the energy lost is a percentage of the cart's current energy. The above gives about 0.5% energy loss per section of track. One implication of this is that more energy lost when the cart has more energy, so a gradual slope should allow you to travel much farther distances than a steep slope followed by a long flat section. (This is different from real-life physics, where friction does not increase with velocity. However, it may be an attempt to mirror air resistance, which does increase with velocity.)

Anything in the way of the minecart will take it to a dead stop. Once a minecart has left the track, it will rapidly decelerate within one or two blocks. It is possible to have a sufficiently boosted minecart "skip" over one square without a track, then rejoin the track at reduced energy later. When a mob touches a minecart they affect it in the same way a player would, i.e. mobs that move up against a still cart will set it in motion.

Merged minecarts[edit]

Merged minecarts are two or more minecarts merged. Their special feature is their odd way of losing speed. When coming off a track, merged minecarts initially lose their speed to around walking speed. But after first contact, they won't lose their speed anymore.

This way they can be used to cross certain distances when the player's only goal is to not actively walk towards the player's goal / target. Or when the player doesn't have enough resources to cover the complete distance, this measure can be considered. Note: for this concept to work, at least 3 minecarts will have to be merged. Doing this can detach the minecarts by pushing one off of the rails, or the one the player is riding might get stuck on a tight turn. Speed may decrease when merged.

Unoccupied carts, incline and a boost[edit]

This table shows the distance traveled by an unoccupied minecart on an incline, with a boost (or no boost). The most efficient way is to use only 1 boost at the bottom of the incline on the flat surface. Using 2 will increase by about 20% or 1.5m. All distance trends based on the height seem to be logarithmic. The carts started from rest, on an incline (at Height).

-Height- No Boost Bottom Bottom and Top All boosts on incline and bottom
1 2.77m 8.77 10.8 10.8
2 4.59m 9.59 10.83 13.37
3 5.81m 9.81 11.66 15.12
4 7.04m 10.04 12.46 16.95
5 7.87m 10.87 12.29 17.95
10 11.65m 13.38 15.12 21.68
100 15.87m 17.05 17.54 25.34

Collision[edit]

Minecarts seem to have about the same size as a block; 1x1. Because of this, a ladder, door or trapdoor will prevent it from falling down a 1x1 hole..

Carts on rails will also ignore collision in certain situations. A cart traveling downhill or on a curve with a block placed in front of it will go through the block. If it is going fast enough, it can skip through one block and reattach to track on the other side, at significantly reduced speed.

A player riding in a minecart will not collide with or suffocate in any transparent blocks.

Data values[edit]

Icon Dec Hex Name Minecart type

328 148 minecraft:minecart Minecart

342 156 minecraft:chest_minecart Minecart with Chest

343 157 minecraft:furnace_minecart Minecart with Furnace

407 197 minecraft:tnt_minecart Minecart with TNT

408 198 minecraft:hopper_minecart Minecart with Hopper

422 1A6 minecraft:command_block_minecart Minecart with Command Block

Video[edit]

Note: This video shows only 3 varieties of minecarts, as it is out-dated. There are currently 7 varieties.

Achievements[edit]

Icon Achievement In-game description Prerequisites Actual requirements (if different) Version restriction Xbox points earned Trophy type (PS)
Achievement-fancy.png
Grid Rail.png
On A Rail Travel by minecart at least 1 km from where you started Acquire Hardware Travel by minecart to a point at least 1 km (500 m in Xbox 360 & PlayStation 3 Editions) from where you started. Distance is measured in a straight line. None 40G Gold

History[edit]

Infdev
Seecret Friday 1
The old Minecart from Infdev
Minecarts had a different inventory icon. OldMinecartInventory.png Their only purpose was to store things in. The more things you would put in the higher the "Dirt Level" would rise.
June 24, 2010 Changed minecart mechanics to ride-able minecarts.
Alpha
Seecret Friday 4 Added sitting animation for riding minecarts/saddled pigs.
Seecret Friday 7 Powered minecarts and storage minecarts were added. After this update, creating minecart trains became a much simpler solution to transporting goods.
Beta
1.5 Minecarts break faster with hands.
Powered rails were introduced, which enabled minecarts to move automatically, although previous methods of boosting no longer work or work as effectively.
The detector rail switch was introduced for use in detecting minecarts. Prior to this update, carts were detected by using pressure plates in line with cart tracks. This had the often undesirable effect of dramatically slowing or even stopping the minecart, which limited the use of this design mostly to boosters.
1.6 A minecart now transfers any fall damage it suffers onto its rider, and will not be destroyed upon impact.
1.8 If you punch a minecart when descending from a jump, it will show the critical hit animation. This also happens if you punch the cart while still in it.
Official release
1.0.0 Beta 1.9-pre1 C418 posted a sound showing the sound that minecarts make.
1.3.1 12w21b The player no longer spawns on top/inside of the minecart after getting out; instead the player gets off a few blocks away. Also, the player can nudge a stationary minecart while inside it to move onto a powered rail, etc.
1.4.2 12w38b Sounds for minecarts added.
1.5 13w02a
The first image Jeb released[1]
Minecarts can now be edited with a third party program to show any block inside of it (it will not take on the characteristics of this block), as well as make it take on the characteristics of any cart.
1.7.2 13w39a Added Minecart with Command Block.
1.8 14w11a Changed minecart physics - they now go faster and farther, can derail at corners if going too fast and refuse to go uphill.
Improved collision and position handling.
14w17a Reverted all changes to old minecart physics used before 14w11a.
Pocket Edition Alpha
0.8.0 build 2 Added minecarts.
build 3 Minecarts now ride smoother.
Console Edition
TU1 Added minecarts.
TU13 Doubled the speed of minecarts.

Issues[edit]

A pig inside a burning minecart

Issues relating to "Minecart" are maintained on the issue tracker. Report issues there.

Trivia[edit]

  • Endermen cannot teleport out of minecarts.
  • Minecarts appear to float above the track, as their model has no wheels.
  • You can bump a medium slime in a minecart, and it can't attack you. However, a large slime can.
  • Tamed wolves will follow you when you are in a minecart.
  • If you view your inventory while riding in a minecart you will appear sitting down in mid-air.
    Minecarts being stacked on each other
  • Minecarts can be set on fire, but the mob or player inside the minecart will not catch fire from a minecart.
  • You are able to teleport to another minecart whilst sitting in a minecart by right clicking a minecart in your range.

References[edit]