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Materials

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Materials in Minecraft classify blocks into different types, more or less indicating what the block is "made of".

Materials[edit | edit source]

The following materials exist in Minecraft. Each material gives certain properties to the block, although individual blocks can and often will override them.

Material​[n 1] Map color Liquid? Solid?​[n 2] Block light?​[n 3] Block movement?​[n 4] Opaque?​[n 5] Need tool?​[n 6] Can burn?​[n 7] Can replace?​[n 8] Piston​[n 9]
Air    None No No No No No No No Yes Pushed
Grass    127,178,56 No Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No Pushed
Dirt    183,106,47 No Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No Pushed
Wood    104,83,50 No Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes No Pushed
Stone    112,112,112 No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Pushed
Metal/Mineral    167,167,167 No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Pushed
Anvil    167,167,167 No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Blocked
Water    64,64,255 Yes No Yes No No No No Yes Replace
Lava    255,0,0 Yes No Yes No No No No Yes Replace
Leaves    0,124,0 No Yes Yes Yes No No Yes No Replace
Plants    0,124,0 No No No No No No No No Replace
Replaceable plants    0,124,0 No No No No No No Yes Yes Replace
Sponge    167,167,167 No Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No Pushed
Wool    167,167,167 No Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes No Pushed
Fire    None No No No No No No No Yes Replace
Sand    247,233,163 No Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No Pushed
Non-solid    None No No No No No No No No Replace
Carpet    167,167,167 No No No No No No Yes No Pushed
Glass    None No Yes Yes Yes No No No No Pushed
Redstone lamp    None No Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No Pushed
TNT    255,0,0 No Yes Yes Yes No No Yes No Pushed
Unknown[n 10]    0,124,0 No Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No Replace
Ice    160,160,255 No Yes Yes Yes No No No No Pushed
Packed ice    160,160,255 No Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No Pushed
Snow layer    255,255,255 No No No No No Yes No Yes Replace
Snow block    255,255,255 No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Pushed
Cactus    0,124,0 No Yes Yes Yes No No No No Replace
Clay    164,168,184 No Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No Pushed
Gourd    0,124,0 No Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No Replace
Dragon egg    0,124,0 No Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No Replace
Portal    None No No No No No No No No Blocked
Cake    None No Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No Replace
Cobweb    167,167,167 No Yes Yes No No Yes No No Replace
Piston    112,112,112 No Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No Blocked
Barrier    None No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Blocked
  1. Names are conjectural.
  2. If yes, block dependent blocks can be placed on this block, and it is considered when spawning structures
  3. If yes, this block reduces the level of light passing through it or blocks it entirely
  4. If yes, entities cannot move through this block, and it usually suffocates them.
  5. If yes, this block cannot be seen through
  6. If yes, breaking the block without using the correct tool drops nothing. Note that this only affects whether the block requires a tool to drop, not whether it can be broken or drops anything at all.
  7. Only used to determine if lava can set fire to blocks; not used for fire spreading.
  8. If yes, trying to place some other block in the spot occupied by this block will succeed.
  9. If "pushed", the block is pushed by pistons. If "replace", the block is broken by pistons. If "blocked", the block prevents pistons from extending.
  10. Defined in the code, but not used on any blocks. Takes less time to break with swords, like plants and leaves.

Blocks[edit | edit source]

Material Blocks
Air Air
Grass


Dirt



Grass Path
Wood





































































Stone

















































































Prismarine




Metal/Mineral














Structure Block
Anvil
Water
Lava Lava
Leaves





Plants





























Replaceable plants







Sponge
Wool
















Fire Fire
Sand



Non-solid





















Carpet















Glass



































Sea Lantern
Redstone lamp
TNT
Unknown Not applied to any blocks.
Ice
Packed ice
Snow layer
Snow block
Cactus
Clay







Gourd


Dragon egg
Portal

End Gateway
Cake
Cobweb
Piston



Barrier

Effects[edit | edit source]

  • Endermen will teleport depending on materials which block movement. They choose a random destination and then seek downwards until they find a block with a movement-blocking material.
  • Various things that spawn on the "surface" similarly check material movement-blocking to find the surface.
  • Paintings, banners, signs, cakes, and mob heads are placed on any solid material. This is why signs can be placed on each other without any visible connection.
  • Player spawning checks for obstruction based on material solidity.
  • Lava checks for a burnable material nearby when attempting to start fires. The fire itself uses its own list of flammable materials, which is why fire will start next to some wood blocks but will never consume the block.
  • Water and lava spread and currents generally depend on whether the block's materials blocks movement, while placement from a bucket depends on the block's solidity.
  • Fence gates must be placed above a block with a solid material.
  • When broken, ice will turn to water if above a block with a liquid or movement-blocking material.
  • Cacti break depending on the solidity of an adjacent block's material.
  • Farmland turns to dirt if a solid-material block is placed on top.
  • Rain and snowfall fall through blocks that have a non-liquid material that does not block movement.
  • Dungeon, lake, and Nether portal generation checks for solid materials, rather than solid blocks.
  • Solid-material blocks cannot be placed at Y=255, while non-solid-material blocks can.
  • Note blocks check materials to determine the instrument. They check for a material of stone, sand, glass, or wood, while any other material is given the default piano sound.