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Enderman normal.png
Health points

40 (Heart.svg × 20)

Attack strength

Easy: 4 (Heart.svgHeart.svg)
Normal: 7 (Heart.svgHeart.svgHeart.svgHalf Heart.svg)
Hard: 10 (Heart.svgHeart.svgHeart.svgHeart.svgHeart.svg)


In the Overworld or the End in light level of 7 or less.

First appearance

Beta 1.8 (Beta 1.8-pre1)

Common drops


Network ID


Savegame ID


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Endermen are three-block-high mobs that spawn fairly uncommonly in the Overworld at light levels of 7 or less, and they densely populate The End. Endermen are neutral, but they will turn hostile when provoked. They are known for their spooky presentation, their unique abilities to pick up blocks and teleport, their vulnerability to water, and the odd noises they make.

Endermen are the main source of Ender Pearls (the only other being stronghold chests), which are useful both in their own right and as a crafting ingredient for Eyes of Ender, which are necessary to reach The End.

Endermen can be provoked via an attack or by simply looking at them (placing the crosshairs on their upper bodies from up to 64 blocks away). When provoked, Endermen stand still, stare at the player with trembling, gaping mouths, and emit a long, loud, unsettling noise, before teleporting towards the player to attack.

Endermen frequently spawn in The End, their home world, but still require a light level of seven or less in order to spawn. They will also spawn in the Overworld, although about 5-10 times more rarely than other mobs like Zombies, Skeletons and Creepers. They spawn in pairs, and can be seen at night in groups of up to five. However, they will very often teleport away carelessly, so you will most likely see only one or two at a time.


Endermen have long limbs, thin bodies, black skin, glowing purple eyes, and emit the signature purple Ender particle effect (like Ender Chests, Endermites, Nether Portals and Eyes of Ender). They are often seen holding blocks.


Endermen always initially spawn in pairs, but will often appear individually or in larger groups due to random teleportation. Endermen make strange noises and will mostly teleport away when they take damage. They take damage from contact with water or rain, upon which they will immediately teleport in search of dry areas.[1] In rain they can be seen teleporting rapidly as they search for shelter, but can often die from rain damage. Taking damage from an attacking player will cause them to teleport behind the player and attempt an attack, unless the player is looking at the Enderman's legs, which will usually prevent teleportation.

Endermen don't attack unless provoked, although looking at their bodies or upper legs from up to 64 blocks away is considered provocation. Staring at an Enderman will cause the player to hear a lengthy, loud, threatening sound. When provoked, Endermen will open their mouths and shake with rage. Staring at their torso will stop them from moving, and you can approach and attack, at which point they will teleport behind you. If an aggravated Enderman is hit by another mob, for example, an Iron Golem or the Ender Dragon, it will cease attacking the player.[2]

Endermen have a unique ability to pick up certain block types and move them around, which they generally spend their time doing while neutral. They can also step up one full block without having to jump.

Endermen will continue chasing a player until they are either killed, sustain several hits, or become distracted by exterior elements like rain, fire, or sun; Endermen are likely to teleport away to underground locations at day break.

In Creative mode, Endermen will not get provoked if you look at them, nor will they become provoked if hit.

Endermen can't be provoked by players looking through transparent blocks like glass/glass panes, from within a boat or minecart, or wearing a pumpkin on their head.

Endermen are also able to climb ladders, but only when forced to, as their AI does not handle ladders in a special way.


Endermen always attempt to teleport when attacked or taking other damage, such as from water. Most ordinary melee attacks are successful (such as with a sword), but are followed by an immediate teleport, generally to a point a few blocks behind the attacking player. Endermen cannot be attacked with projectile weapons in the PC version, as they will always teleport away just before being hit (in the Xbox 360 version, it is possible to hit an Enderman with a projectile by arcing a shot onto the Enderman without placing the crosshairs on them directly). They also cannot be attacked with Splash Potions of Harming, as they will similarly teleport away before the potion impacts any nearby surface. Splash potions of Poison, however, do work and the Enderman will not become hostile unless hit directly or looked at. In other words you can splash an Enderman with a poison potion and wait for its health to get down to a couple of hearts and then kill it.

When teleporting, Endermen search for an air block within 32m (along each axis); if there is a solid block below that air block, they can teleport to it regardless of the downward distance. An Enderman can teleport onto nearly any solid block, exceptions being blocks directly beneath water or lava or blocks with less than 3 vertical spaces above. Endermen will not teleport into water or lava.

An Enderman cannot teleport when it is in a minecart, though in rain and water it will attempt to do so, although it will always teleport back into the minecart repeatedly until death.

Endermen will not teleport in the daytime while on soul sand unless they are damaged.

Moving blocks[edit]

Endermen will only pick up and move certain blocks, regardless of whether they were natural or placed by the player. They will pick up blocks horizontally and vertically nearby, within 3 layers.

Endermen will not drop the block they are holding when enraged or slain. It will simply disappear.

Endermen can only pick up the following blocks:[3]

Endermen cannot pick up entities, such as boats, minecarts, primed TNT, and mobs.

Enderman can create iron or snow golems due to their ability to pick up and place pumpkins anywhere they want (on top of an l shaped snow block formation or T shaped iron block formation.) However, this is extremely rare because Endermen place blocks completely randomly and can only pick up the pumpkin.

Because Endermen possess the ability to move blocks, they can cause damage to the natural environment and in some cases player-built structures. They can also allow fenced animals to jump out by placing blocks adjacent to fences. Their block handling is not purposeful, but they may randomly breach walls and the like.

In the Overworld, signs of Enderman activity will become apparent in frequently loaded chunks in the form of misplaced blocks. In desert areas, Endermen may also propagate cacti by removing blocks and placing them on fresh sand, gradually increasing the population of cacti in frequently loaded deserts.

Endermen do not spawn in well-lit areas, but they may wander or teleport into lit areas from adjacent dark ones, particularly if rain or water causes them to teleport. It can be risky to stay awake at night, as an Enderman can teleport into your house. This is more apparent in large buildings, where rain may cause the building to be invaded by multiple Endermen seeking shelter. Therefore, lighting your structures with torches is not a guaranteed defense. However, they will not teleport into areas where they won't fit, so two-block high ceilings will keep them out.

One can summon an Enderman holding any block using {carried:Block ID} NBT tag.


Endermen are considered one of the most dangerous mobs in the game to fight. While initially neutral, they are easily provoked. They have more health (40 hit points) than any hostile mob except the Iron Golem (which has 100), and cause deadly amounts of damage (half the players health from full health in hard/hardcore difficulty). On top of that, they use their teleportation in combat—they often teleport behind the player to attack, or teleport out of sight only to reappear later for a surprise attack.

That said, they do have a few weaknesses that can be exploited: They take damage from water and rain on top of most of the usual sources, sunlight can turn them neutral (as does water or fire damage), and their height lets the player retreat to, or attack them from, a 2 block high shelter. Also, while their block-moving ability can be annoying, they don't use it purposefully: If they breach your defenses, it's by accident, and you need to strengthen your defenses.

Avoiding attack[edit]

There are only three ways to provoke an Enderman:

  • Actually hit it, which is usually easy to avoid. Using potions against them, or pushing them off a cliff or into a trap, will not provoke them.
  • Set off TNT with a flint and steel or flame bow. Setting it off with Dispensers or Redstone power won't provoke them.
  • Look at its face/upper body with the crosshairs. Looking at them through transparent blocks such as glass or fences will not provoke them, so a windowed watchtower is safe, in addition to doors. As well, a player wearing a pumpkin as a helmet can look at them safely, without provoking them. This can be very useful in The End. However, once provoked, a pumpkin will not prevent them from attacking, nor will the pumpkin help as armor. The pumpkin can be a disadvantage because it is hard to see through and other mobs can kill you easily.

However, you can press F5. The pumpkin can't block your vision in third person vision. F1 also gets rid of the pumpkin vision, at the cost of not seeing your items on the toolbar.

As Endermen are 3 blocks tall, the player can keep his or her house's interior 2-2.5 blocks tall to prevent Endermen from teleporting into it. If an Enderman happens to be outside of your house, any door will prevent your crosshairs to provoke it. Due partly to their size, Endermen are usually only encountered in relatively open spaces. Although they will still spawn, you're much more likely to see other mobs in cramped caves underground, before you see any Endermen. When exploring caves, a player can often spot an Enderman in the darkness by its glowing eyes. A player can use this warning to avoid accidentally staring at them. In a cave, you can often retreat into a 2 block high area, or even build a small ceiling as shelter as soon as one is spotted.

Also, if the player is in a body of water, no closer than 2-3 blocks away from dry land, and at least one block deep, and provokes an Enderman, it will become aggressive, but rather than charge and attack when the player moves the crosshairs away, it will stand in one spot for at least 30 seconds, then either teleport into the water, take damage, and teleport away, or continue to stand in one spot. Also, if the player continuously stares at the Enderman for at least 30 seconds, it may teleport away, or try to attack, and then teleport away upon coming in contact with water. After at least 90–120 seconds, if the Enderman has not tried to attack or teleport away, it will turn neutral again.

If provoked under sunlight, Endermen will usually teleport away rather than attack the player. In any case, they will immediately become neutral. In rain, they will teleport randomly and rapidly, and even if provoked, they will not stay hostile.


If a player has accidentally provoked an Enderman, they have several options for turning them neutral and cutting off the fight:

  • As of version 1.8, Endermen will always continue pursuing the player even if they come into contact with water, fire, or lava (previously this would make them neutral, but no longer does). However, they will still try to reach the player anyways, so standing in a body of water will keep them from being able to do so.
  • Enchanted weapons can be useful: Hitting them with a Fire Aspect sword, or otherwise setting them on fire will also cause them to turn neutral and teleport rapidly. Using a Knockback sword to knock them into water or off a steep drop will effectively get rid of them.
  • Luring them into sunlight or rain will likewise turn them neutral and make them go away. (If already provoked, you may need to attack or "look" at them in the sun.)
  • When Endermen take damage from a Creeper explosion when following you, right after the blast they have a chance of teleporting away and back again, teleporting away and getting neutral, just getting neutral or still continuing to follow you.
  • When you encounter Endermen in the desert, you can try hiding behind a cactus, or build some around you (try not to get hurt by them yourself). Unfortunately, they may teleport behind you instead of running into the cactus, or they may even pick the cactus up.
  • If you're planning on using a trap for them, make a 3 deep hole with 1 extra block on top (not over the hole!), then make a 2 high way out, make a way back up and suffocate them with sand or gravel by placing it on the 1 extra block on top.



At first, when Notch was still designing the Endermen, he thought they were not 'creepy' enough, coming with the idea that having a situation which the player would want to avoid could make the Enderman significantly more scary. This gave Notch the idea to implement the staring feature, where aiming the crosshair at the Enderman's face would cause a suspenseful moment in which breaking eye contact would trigger an attack, as well as the Enderman having the ability to teleport so that when the player has stared at the Enderman, he or she would have to face a consequence for that action.[5]
According to Burnie Burns of Rooster Teeth Productions, the Endermen's weakness to water was suggested by Burnie's son when Notch mentioned that he needed to come up with a way to kill a group of Endermen.[4]
In the Beta 1.8 demo at PAX, Endermen dropped diamonds as a placeholder for Ender Pearls.
1.8 1.8-pre1 The Enderman was officially introduced in Beta 1.8, "part one" of the Adventure Update. Endermen were able to pick up any block, including Bedrock. They had green eyes and emitted black smoke.
The release of Beta 1.8 changed the eyes to purple and black smoke has been replaced with purple particles similar to the particles emitted from Nether portals.
Official release
1.0.0 Beta 1.9-pre1 Before this update, Endermen could be killed with the use of a bow. Afterwards, arrows, snowballs, eggs, and negative splash potions will not hit them due to the fact that they teleport away before impact.
Enderman will teleport away and become neutral if the player pours water on a hostile Enderman.
Beta 1.9-pre3 Notch stated "Endermen suck because they're annoying, and because I nerfed them and made them too easy. I shall fix this."[6] Because of this, Endermen were modified in this update to have 40 hp (instead of 20), requiring 6 hits (5 with all critical hits) from a diamond sword to kill, or 40 punches with just a fist. Combined with their teleportation aspect, Endermen are significantly more challenging.
Beta 1.9-pre4 The Endermen now have a realm of their own: the End, where they spawn frequently.
Endermen used to burn in sunlight, but as of this update, Endermen won't burn in daylight. They will instead teleport away when the player walks up to them in the daytime, making it extremely hard to get close enough to kill them.
1.0.0-RC1 Before the Sound Update, Endermen used the sound effects of Zombies as a place holder. Then in Beta 1.9, the Zombie sounds for the Enderman were removed. On November 13th, 2011 Endermen received their own audio scheme, most notably a long moan overlaid with static for when they are triggered hostile by the player. The noises are actually a person saying 'Hi' and 'What's Up' backwards and distorted.[7][8]
1.3.1 12w22a The Enderman's behavior was modified slightly. Now, it stops in front of the player. When the player swings his/her sword, it teleports behind the player.
1.4.2 12w38a The Enderman's sound now plays the full length sounds instead of shortened, now if you look at them (or they open the jaw), a static sound will play, similar to Slenderman
1.7.2 1.7-pre Endermen are no longer provoked when attacked by the player in creative mode
1.8 14w06a Endermen can now pathfind as a result of their update to the new AI system.
14w11a Now walk slightly faster.
Endermen can now spawn Endermites when they teleport. The chance of producing one is 15%, minus 1% for each Endermite already spawned.
1.8-pre1 Endermites no longer spawn from Endermen.
Pocket Edition Alpha
0.9.0 build 1 Added Endermen.
build 2 Endermen now have sounds.
Endermen now teleport out of the way of arrows.
Console Edition
TU5 Added Endermen.
TU14 Endermen now open their mouths and shake when provoked.
Endermen stop in front of the player. When the player swings his/her sword, it teleports behind the player.


Issues relating to "Enderman" are maintained on the issue tracker. Report issues there.


  • Notch claimed in public that the Enderman is a "(subtle)" reference to "the Slenderman", a similar looking monster with a similar name. Given the later development of the End, it is possible he already had the name in mind, and did not choose it because of the Reddit thread in which their name was revealed.[9]
    • In the Halloween texture pack for the Xbox 360 Edition, the Enderman is re-skinned to look like the Slenderman.
  • If an Enderman is in his aggressive state, you can prevent him from walking/going anywhere if you stare at him (you can freeze the enderman as long as your cursor remains on him). However, if attacked in this state, the enderman may teleport away.
  • The Enderman seems to use a re-colored version of the player's face texture, much like blazes, zombies, and skeletons.
  • The exact size of an Enderman is 0.6x0.6x2.9 blocks(1.9x1.9x9.5 feet).
  • Enderman sounds seem to be reverse audios:
    • the "idle1" sound is a reversed “here”
    • the "idle2" sound is a reversed "hiya"
    • the "idle3" sound is a down-pitched “whats up?” or "this way!"
    • the "idle4" sound is a down-pitched reversed "forever!"
    • the "idle5" sound is a reversed "uh oh!"
  • Even in an aggressive state, they can still pick up blocks, which at times makes it look like they are tearing through walls to reach the player. However, they do not intentionally pick up blocks in order to reach the player.
  • If a Mob Spawner is tweaked to spawn Endermen, the model inside will have its head jutting out the top of the frame. In Pocket Edition, however, the model is shrunk to fit within the block.
  • The purple particles that Endermen emit are hard-coded into the game, so they cannot be re-textured without mods.
  • Amusingly, if an Enderman is set on fire, they may try to put it out by teleporting into water, and therefore committing 'suicide', because they take damage from it. However they usually teleport back out, fresh and clean and ready to fight again.
    • Using spawn eggs, Enderman continuously spawned into lava will humorously teleport - in the Nether, they will often teleport in circles for lack of room due to the lava oceans.
  • Amusingly enough, if an Enderman is caught in rain, it will continuously teleport in random directions. Players can sometimes, during rain, see Endermen teleport in front of them quickly and teleport off the moment they take damage.
  • If you throw a Potion of Invisibility to an Enderman, the Enderman will be invisible, but you can still see the eyes. This is because the eyes, like spiders, are in a separate texture file.
    • In the End, an invisible Enderman at a distance will become visible as a pale purple figure.
  • If you go to sleep in a bed it is possible for an Enderman to teleport on it and knock you off. You will still continue to go to sleep as if you were in a bed.
  • Endermen can be hit by arrows in the Console Edition. Although they appear to teleport away half a second before the arrow hits they will take damage after the teleportation, and if it was a flaming arrow the Enderman will be on fire. Shooting one in Pocket Edition will play the arrow vibration effect, implying it got hit.
    • In PC and Pocket Edition, they cannot be hit with arrows. When arrows are shot at an Enderman that cannot teleport anywhere, the arrows simply bounce off. Endermen will not catch fire from flaming arrows.
  • Endermen originate from the End, yet they are unable to pick up and move the End Stone of which that world is made.
  • On the rare occasion an Enderman creates a golem, it may cause it to attack the Enderman as soon as it places the pumpkin.
  • Switching to spectator mode and taking an Enderman's camera adds the invert shader, suggesting that they see The End as an island of blue cobblestone (because end stone is a yellowish inversion of cobblestone) in a white sky, with white pillars, white Endermen with green eyes and a white Ender Dragon.
  • The collective noun for a group of Endermen is "a haunting of Endermen", as stated by Dinnerbone.[10]
  • Endermen are the only mobs that pick up blocks in placed form.
  • In Pocket Edition, Endermen are attracted to water, effectively making them suicidal.
  • In 1.8 an Enderman chasing after a player standing in water in a lake or river may teleport upon taking damage from the water and move towards it again, repeatedly taking damage whilst trying to reach the player.


Beta 1.8 pre-release[edit]

Beta 1.8+[edit]