Ender Dragon

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Ender Dragon
Health points

200 (Heart.svg × 100)

Attack strength

Peaceful: 0 (Empty Heart.svg)
Easy: 6 (Heart.svgHeart.svgHeart.svg)
Normal: 10 (Heart.svgHeart.svgHeart.svgHeart.svgHeart.svg)
Hard: 15 (Heart.svgHeart.svgHeart.svgHeart.svgHeart.svgHeart.svgHeart.svgHalf Heart.svg)


The End

First appearances

See History



Network ID


Savegame ID


The Ender Dragon is the first official boss mob to appear in Minecraft (with the second being the wither). It only naturally spawns in the End. It is widely acknowledged as the main antagonist of the game.


The Ender Dragon is a large, black dragon with purple eyes and four big, black legs with three toes on each one. It is by far the largest mob in the game, about 20 times as long as a pig, and is made of 61 cuboids, more than any other model. It has a few light gray features, such as the wings and various other parts of its body. It uses the dragon model Notch created, but utilizes a texture more reminiscent of an enderman, being black and scaly with purple eyes.

Similar to endermen and spiders, the Ender dragon's eyes are visible through darkness, so you can see it coming from anywhere in the End. However, it does not emit particles like endermen.


The Ender Dragon will destroy any blocks it comes into contact with, except obsidian, end stone, bedrock, command blocks and barriers. Instead of destroying them, the Ender Dragon passes through them. When hit, an Ender Dragon makes roaring, growling and snarling noises. The flapping of its wings can also be heard as the dragon moves. Unlike endermen, Ender Dragons don't take damage from water, nor do they teleport.

The Ender Dragon has a purple health bar that appears at the top of the player's screen. This bar indicates the remaining health of the resident Ender Dragon. Each End dimension houses a single Ender Dragon whose health is periodically healed by nearby Ender Crystals. Destroying an Ender Crystal while the Ender Dragon is being healed by it (indicated by a series of circles appearing between the Ender Crystal and the Ender Dragon) will cause the Ender Dragon to take additional damage instead of being healed.

The Ender Dragon attacks by periodically charging toward the player. This charge can be interrupted by hitting the dragon with arrows. If the player is heavily armored, the dragon will not cause tremendous damage directly. However, the dragon can fling the player very far into the air, sometimes to fatal heights or even off of the map entirely. Therefore, although you can damage the dragon with a sword, the safest way to fight is with bow and arrows.

Once killed, the Ender Dragon will appear to have beams of light spontaneously erupting from its body. It will then explode, dropping enough experience to bring a player from no experience to level 78 (12000 - 10 drops of 1000 experience, one drop of 2000 experience).

It will also spawn an exit portal with a Dragon Egg on top. Entering the portal will activate a text cutscene that lasts for an average of 8 minutes, 30 seconds. After the cutscene, the player will be teleported to their spawn point/bed in the Overworld. The cutscene can be skipped by pressing the Esc key (B on Xbox and O on PlayStation.) The player may return to the End after defeating the Ender Dragon, however there will be no new dragon.

When spawned in the Overworld using /summon, the Ender Dragon exhibits the same behavior when killed, however, the End Portal spawned leads to the End, where another Ender Dragon still resides, and no text cutscene plays. Also, it seems to orbit around the origin (0 x 0) when not attacking a player.

The Ender Dragon will only target the player, however it can accidentally attack an enderman causing it to turn hostile towards the Ender Dragon, chase after it, and attempt to attack it, akin to when it is attacked by a player.

The ender dragon takes 14 normal damage + 1 when hit in any part except the head. Therefore eggs, snowballs, and other attacks that normally deal no damage will deal 1 (Half Heart.svg) damage to the ender dragon when not hitting it in the head.

Console Edition[edit]

Ender Acid Fire Charge

In the Console Edition, the Ender Dragon's behavior is slightly different. While flying, the Ender Dragon fires Ender Charges, which cannot be deflected, at the player. After flying for approximately 30 seconds, the Ender Dragon will come down and hover over the unfinished bedrock portal, and remain there for another 30 seconds. The Ender Dragon will spew out "Ender acid", which deals damage, onto nearby players. Players may continually strike it with a weapon at this time. The Ender Dragon also fights endermen during this time, implying the reason for returning to the "nest" is to stop the growing clusters of endermen from stealing the egg.

Also, instead of the portal being spawned underneath the Ender Dragon's death, it is spawned in the middle of the island as soon as you enter the End. However, until the Ender Dragon is defeated, it will remain deactivated, and the Dragon Egg will not be on its podium. Until it has been killed, this is used by the Ender Dragon as a nest, where it will hover over it and attack the player with "Ender acid".

One final difference between the Console and PC versions is that some of the Obsidian Pillars have iron bars surrounding the crystal. This prevents the player from shooting it from a distance with a bow, ensuring the player has to climb some of the Pillars.

It is also aggravated in Creative mode and still shoots ender charges at you. Unlike survival, you cannot get killed.


Icon Achievement In-game description Prerequisites Actual requirements (if different) Version restriction Xbox points earned Trophy type (PS)
Grid Dragon Egg.png
The End. Defeat the Ender Dragon The End? Enter the end exit portal while in the End. None 40G Gold


Note: The video states the Ender Dragon is the only boss. This is outdated, as the video was made before the Wither was implemented.


June 18, 2011 Originally, dragons were a possible planned mob, hinted at by Notch during the Spider Jockey update.
He also mentioned that dragon lairs may be an addition in the video description of this video They remained a potential work-in-progress until the Ender Dragon was announced.
June 18, 2011 Notch has stated in the past that if dragons are added, they will not be mountable as it would put too much pressure on SMP servers.
September 1, 2011 Notch stated that "dragons will be added eventually."
October 7, 2011 Notch revealed the existence of the Ender Dragon.
October 10, 2011 Notch released a video showing a small clip of the End that also shows the Ender Dragon fly into the top of the frame. Brightened version here
October 11, 2011 A player named stropping_notch asked Jeb if Dragon riding is an idea, to which he replied it is. It is not clear whether this means it is an idea under consideration or not, however, or whether it would apply to the Red Dragons or the Ender Dragon.
October 12, 2011 In a Reddit post Notch also said, "They will be different dragons. The Ender Dragon will probably become larger, and the ones in the main world will be this size, won't go through terrain, and will be red because dragons are red."
October 12, 2011 Notch stated in a twitter post that "Dragons have 6 limbs", consisting of 2 wings, and 4 legs.
Official release
1.0.0 Beta 1.9-pre4 Added Ender Dragon. The Ender Dragon existed in the code, mostly functional, however the dragon had not been enabled ingame yet and players were unable to damage it. Certain mods would allow the spawning of the Ender Dragon, but again, no physical interactions were available.
Beta 1.9-pre5 Added the ability for players to damage Ender Dragons. They required mods or a mob-spawner to be brought into the game however. The ender dragon's health was changed to 1 (Half Heart.svg) to test its new death animation.
Beta 1.9-pre6 Officially implemented Ender Dragons into the game. This includes a single Ender Dragon as a boss battle, spawning naturally when the player first enters the End.
April 28, 2012 Jeb mentioned that he wouldn't be adding any more boss mobs until he makes the Ender Dragon "more fun first". Despite this, the Wither was added before any major changes were made to the Ender Dragon.
1.3.1 Fixed the bug where after being damaged once, Ender Dragons would do no contact damage.
Experience drop reduced from 20,000 to 12,000
1.4.2 12w34b "Boss Health" now says "Ender Dragon".
1.4.2 Before this update, Ender Dragon used the same damage sound from the Player. Ender Dragons now have their own sound.
1.5 Fixed a bug where swords take no damage when used on the Ender Dragon.
1.5.1 13w11a Before this snapshot, the gamerule mobGriefing doesn't prevent the Ender Dragon from destroying blocks when they fly through them. Now, mobGriefing from the /gamerule command prevents the Ender Dragon from destroying blocks at their sight.
1.8 14w20a The Ender Dragon no longer breaks barriers.
Console Edition
TU9 Added the Ender Dragon. This Ender dragon has two exclusive new attacks (Ender Acid & Ender Charges) and a new behavior being that she will float over the exit portal spewing out the acid towards the player for a short time then fly off again.[1]


Issues relating to "Ender Dragon" are maintained on the issue tracker. Report issues there.


  • Name tags cannot be put on an Ender dragon.
  • In the Console Edition, Ender dragons cannot go through bedrock or obsidian.
  • Contrary to popular belief, the Ender dragon cannot be harmed by any mob other than a player or explosions. Therefore, the dragon will never purposely attack another mob, including a wither.
  • The Xbox avatar item 'Ender Dragon Pet' has the description 'A cuter, friendlier version of his bigger, less playful Minecraft sister.'- revealing that the Ender dragon is female. (Note: Quite a lot of people already knew this, noting that only females can lay eggs.)
  • The Ender Dragon has its own separate mob folder containing separate designs: the old gray skin and the newer black skin.
  • The Ender Dragon flies at 10 times the player's normal walking speed.
  • An Ender dragon's attack can cause endermen to chase after it and attempt to attack it to no avail, should they survive the devastating attack. This also works with blazes, wolves, and zombie pigmen.
  • The Ender Dragon's hitbox is larger than the Ender dragon itself, causing players to be pushed away from it.
  • The portal to the Overworld will appear at Y=64 at the X and Z location where the dragon died.
  • If you spawn the Ender dragon in a world and turn the difficulty to peaceful, the dragon will stay and not disappear, but will not be able to hurt the player.
  • If you kill a spawned Ender dragon in the overworld, it will create a portal to the real End, where there will be a separate Ender dragon.
  • Ender dragons can push other Ender dragons around.
  • Ender dragons will attempt to attack players in creative mode, though this has no effect.
  • When spawned in the overworld using the /summon command, players in creative mode at a certain height force Ender Dragons to flap their wings wildly.

Notch-related trivia[edit]

  • The name "Ender Dragon" was first made known through a tweet by Notch reading "raqreqentba", which could be decoded using the ROT13 cypher, translating to "enderdragon".[2]
  • On Reddit, Notch referred to the Ender dragon as a she, and suggested her name to be "Jean?" in the same manner he called the Player "Steve?".[3]
    • Dinnerbone later stated that he thinks the name is officially "Jean?"[4]
  • Notch joked about how Minecraft was "going next gen" when deadmau5 mentioned this.[5]
  • Before it was textured, Notch reported that he was afraid to texture it as it was a complicated model.[6] In the end, the dragon model was so complex Notch stated that he gave up making the texture manually and wrote a texture packer tool to aid him in adding the texture to the model. Notch also uploaded the code for the tool so others could use the pack.[7][8]
  • In terms of how difficult the Ender dragon is to defeat, Notch tweeted that his design guideline for the dragon is "[If] I can beat it at all, it's too easy."
  • Notch has uploaded a video showing why Ender dragons will not spawn in the main world, as they would destroy any block they come into contact with.[9]
  • On Reddit, Notch explained why Ender dragons destroy matter.[10]