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Health points

10 (Heart.svgHeart.svgHeart.svgHeart.svgHeart.svg)


Opaque blocks with a (Minimum) two block space above them or after shearing a Mooshroom.

First appearance

Alpha 1.0.8

Common drops

Kill Adult: 1–3
Breeding: 1–7




Network ID


Savegame ID


Cows are passive mobs that dwell in the Overworld. They are the primary source of leather, raw beef, and milk and can be farmed by the player to create an infinite source of these materials.


Cows are common to all biomes in the Overworld (except for the desert and ocean biomes) and will spawn in herds that contain 4–10 individuals. They typically spawn on opaque blocks that have a minimum of two blocks of air above them, though they will sometimes spawn trapped under jungle leaves.

In creative mode, cows can be spawned with spawn eggs. The cow spawn egg is dark brown with grey spots.


Cows are 1.6875 blocks tall, 0.625 blocks wide, and 1.5 blocks long. They have brown coats with white spots and black hooves. All cows have a short horn on either side of their head and a pink udder. They resemble Norwegian Red Cattle.


Cows that are held captive by means of a fence, lead, or any other method can easily be farmed for resources and/or experience. Cows provide more types of useful resources than all other passive mobs (excluding the Mooshroom) and can be used to provide the player with an unlimited supply of meat (uncooked raw beef or cooked steak), milk, and leather. Additionally, killing or breeding the cows will give the player experience.

All cows can be milked infinitely by the player. This is done by holding a bucket and right-clicking on the cow. The bucket will immediately be filled with milk, which can then be consumed as an antidote to poison or used as a crafting ingredient.

If a cow is killed, it will drop 0–2 pieces of leather, 1–3 pieces of raw beef, and 1–3 experience. If the cow died while on fire, it will drop steak rather than raw beef and will only drop experience in this case if the player has hit it or started the fire. Killing a calf will give you nothing.


Cows roam the Overworld, usually in herds of 4 to 10 (however, it is not uncommon to find a lone cow that has wandered from its herd). They tend to walk around slowly and aimlessly, mooing and breathing occasionally. They also tend to jump off high cliffs and make no attempt to stay out of water. They also can climb ladders in certain conditions. During a rain or thunder storm, Cows can be seen taking cover under structure or trees to avoid getting wet.

Cows are passive to the player and will not attack under any circumstances, though like all passive mobs, it may turn to look at the player if the player comes near. An adult cow will follow the player if he/she is holding wheat, which is used for breeding, even if attempting to do so could prove deadly to the cow. If attacked, they will jump wildly and emit a cry of pain before trying to flee by running around erratically. Shortly after, the cow will become calm again and resume its idle wandering.

In the Xbox 360 Edition, cows are unaware of cliffs and holes in the ground, leading to them occasionally fall and die from excessive fall damage, if not fall in lava or mob traps.

Breeding and offspring[edit]

A calf compared to an adult cow.

If cows are given wheat, their love mode will be triggered and they will pair off to create calves, which may grant the player a small amount of experience. The parent cows will then have a delay of 5 minutes before they can breed again.

The growth of baby cows can be slowly accelerated using wheat. Each use takes 10% off the remaining time to grow up.

Unless they are separated, calves will follow their parents or other adult cows until they become adults themselves. A calf looks similar to an adult cow, but its body is smaller even though the head is the size of that of an adult cow. This results in an infantile, bobble-headed look. Calves also move more quickly and make higher-pitched noises than adult cows. They do not drop anything when killed, but they can be milked despite their immaturity. They take 20 minutes to fully grow, at which point they will instantly become full-sized adults.

In creative mode, calves can be spawned by right-clicking on an adult cow with a cow spawn egg. However in Pocket Edition, you can spawn calves randomly with spawn eggs.


Icon Achievement In-game description Prerequisites Actual requirements (if different) Version restriction Xbox points earned Trophy type (PS)
Grid Leather.png
Cow Tipper Harvest some leather Time to Strike! Pick up Leather from the ground. None 15G Bronze
Grid Wheat.png
Repopulation Breed two cows with wheat Cow Tipper Breed two cows or two mooshrooms. PC N/A N/A



The original cow skin without horns.
1.0.8 Added cows. They make noise similar to a kazoo and are black and white.
1.0.9 Cows now make a more realistic cow sound.
1.0.14 Added cow horns. Cows have a new look, brown with white spots, instead of black with white spots.
1.8 Updated cow AI as part of the first AI update; they now run away when attacked.
Added raw beef and steak.
Official release
1.0.0 Beta 1.9-pre3 Added baby cows.
Cows can be bred with wheat.
1.2.1 12w07a Updated cow AI.
1.4.2 12w38a Added new step, hurt, and idle sounds.
1.8 14w02a Baby cow growth can be accelerated using wheat.
Pocket Edition Alpha
0.3.0 Cows were added.
0.6.0 Baby cows were added.
Cows can now drop leather.
0.7.0 Cow spawn eggs were added to Creative.
0.8.0 Cows are attracted to wheat and can be bred.
Console Edition
TU1 Added cows.
TU5 Cows will run away when attacked.
TU7 Added baby cows.
Cows can be bred with wheat.
TU14 Baby cows can now be spawned by using Left trigger on an adult form of that mob using a spawn egg.


Issues relating to "Cow" are maintained on the issue tracker. Report issues there.


  • Cows in the PC Gamer Demo of Minecraft are branded with a 'PCG' logo on their side.
  • Because of the lack of hierarchy in every box model, the horns of the cow are sometimes misplaced. Jeb is planning to fix this.
  • Notch stated in a tweet that all breedable peaceful mobs displayed traits of both genders and could breed with any other individual of their species. This also applies to cows, since they have horns and give milk (although some cow females of certain breeds do have horns).
  • Cows are able to climb up elevation but are unable to climb down inclines lower than two blocks.


See also[edit]