Partial (blocks light)
Stairs are blocks that allow the player to change elevation without jumping. They are a more compact alternative to slabs, allowing a greater elevation change in a shorter horizontal distance. Stairs will change their shape when placed in corners. A player appears to sit if it stands in front of a stair block and crouches.
 Natural Occurrence
Stairs occur naturally in NPC villages. Wooden Stairs make seating furniture in houses, as well as roofs for most structures in the village. Cobblestone Stairs occur in front of doors and inside churches. Cobblestone Stairs can also be found within strongholds. Sandstone Stairs can be found in Desert NPC Villages, replacing the stairs mentioned above. Nether Brick Stairs occur naturally in Nether fortresses.
Stairs can be made using six of either wooden planks (all six types), cobblestone, bricks, stone bricks (all four types), Nether bricks, sandstone, and blocks of quartz, producing four stairs per craft. (Quartz does not exist in the Xbox version.)
Unlike many wooden items, wooden stairs must be crafted entirely from one type of wood, but by the same token, they keep the type (and color) of the wood used, thus "Birch Wood Stairs" and so forth.
Any Wood Stairs
Any Wood Planks
Any Stone Bricks
Any Quartz Block
Aside from their given usage, stairs can be used for a number of aesthetic purposes, mostly in simulating items that are not currently present in the game.
- Walking up stairs is faster and takes less of a toll on a player's hunger bar than jumping up a slope would.
- A popular use for stair blocks is to simulate benches or chairs. As of the Beta 1.8 update, NPC villages are generated using stairs for seats.
- Another popular use is as roofing for homes, also seen in NPC villages but widely used by players prior to the Beta 1.8 update. A side effect of this is preventing mobs from spawning on roofs.
- Just as normal stairs are used to smooth slopes in the floor, upside-down stairs can be used to smooth slopes in the ceiling. This makes it possible to create more realistic arches under bridges or in architectural buildings.
- Brick and stone brick steps, when stacked at the end of a wall made with other brick or stone brick blocks, gives the appearance of broken masonry.
- Stairs can be used to hide Redstone wiring, as power will go through the lower half of a stair block. With the full-sized end facing outwards, it can be used to hide wiring without placing a hole in a wall.
- Chests can be opened below stair blocks.
- Stairs can be arranged to form windows or halls with unique properties. These openings will block light (except for the inside edge of the stairs) and fluid, but will allow entities such as items and small animals to pass through (if the opening is large enough). Openings may be made the size of 1/4, 1/2, 3/4, or 1 block. Arrows may pass through these openings, as of snapshot 12w23a.
As of the Halloween Update, stairs are placed facing the player so they may be immediately climbed. This may cause problems when constructing a stair; just start at the lower end to fix this. Alternatively, you can face the top of the stairs, sneak, and place stairs at your feet while hanging onto the edge of a block to place them in the correct location while descending the stairs.
Water will flow over stairs as if it were a completely solid block. If one attempts to place a torch on top of a stair block, the torch will be placed instead on the closest available non-stair block.
Wooden stairs and fences are flammable.
Stairs can also be placed upside down by one of two methods.
- Right-clicking on the bottom side of a block.
- Right-clicking on the top half of the side of a block.
Note: This video does not mention nether quartz stairs.
|June 28 2010||Added wood and cobblestone stairs. Wooden stairs do not burn up.|
|1.2.0||Before this version, stairs would determine their orientation based on the surrounding blocks (changing if they were changed). They would attempt to face a block adjacent to the stairs, so as to create a climbable surface towards that block. However, this was often more annoying than helpful, and was therefore changed to be placed facing the player.|
|1.2.2|| Other atmospheric effects such as snowfall did not penetrate stair blocks, making them an unusually effective material for creating roofing which kept weather out, but still let daylight in. Snow could not accumulate on top of stair blocks, grass was able to grow on the block directly underneath a stair block, and grass wouldn't disappear if a stair block was placed on top of it. Any stair block placed in Alpha 1.2.0_02 to Beta 1.5 would keep this property in later versions until it or an adjacent block is changed or removed, causing a lighting update.|
|1.6||Wooden stairs and fences are now flammable.|
|Fixed light transparency from Alpha 1.2.2. Reversed the inventory icon for stairs to show a more recognizable figure.|
|1.8||Added brick and stone brick stairs. Stone brick stairs could drop one of either mossy stone brick or cracked stone brick when broken due to the data value carrying over. Mining a stair block would yield the stair's source material, rather than a stair block, thus wasting material.|
|1.8.1||Stone brick stairs now always drop regular Stone Brick.|
|1.9pre1||Added Nether brick stairs.|
|1.9pre6||Mining a stair block now drops the stair block instead of the stair's source material.|
|1.2.1||12w08a||Added upside-down stairs. Before they were added, edited data values of 4 through 15 would create invisible stairs that could be walked through; these higher values are now used for upside-down stairs.|
|1.3.1||12w21a||Added sandstone stairs.|
|12w25a||Redstone, repeaters, torches, levers, pressure plates and rails can now be placed on stairs positioned upside down.|
|Added wooden stairs for the remaining three wood types (birch, spruce and jungle).|
|12w26a||Added crafting recipes for birch, spruce and jungle wood stairs.|
|1.4.2||12w34a||Stairs now automatically change shape into corner stairs depending on location.|
|12w39a||Stairs interact properly with lighting now.|
|Smooth lighting on stairs is slightly bugged.|
|1.5||13w02a||Added quartz stairs.|
|13w05a||Fixed stairs lighting when Smooth Lighting is on.|
|13w05b||Stairs no longer stop sprinting.|
|1.7 Pre Release||Added acacia and dark oak stairs.|
|Pocket Edition Alpha|
|0.1.0||Added wooden and cobblestone stairs.|
|0.3.0||Added brick stairs.|
|0.6.0||Added Nether brick, sandstone, stone brick and quartz stairs.|
|Corner stairs and upside-down stairs added.|
|0.8.0||Birch and spruce wood stairs added.|
Issues relating to "Stairs" are maintained on the issue tracker. Report issues there.
- Placing 6 Mossy Stone Brick, 6 cracked stone brick, or 6 chiseled stone brick in a crafting box will only make stone brick stairs, not mossy/cracked/chiseled stone brick Stairs. The behavior is the same for the different types of sandstone.
- Prior to Beta 1.8, stairs' entity had the larger “item” rather than “block” size, a bug shared with cactus.
- Cobblestone stairs are mistakenly called Stone Stairs.
- when stairs are placed in a line with the small side facing one direction, and water is flowing over top of the stairs, this can be used to make an item "tube" that can bring items from one location to another quickly. This can be used instead of hoppers to transport items faster and more cost-effective.
- On the Xbox 360 edition, grass won't revert to dirt on stone or oak wood stairs, but grass can't grow on it either.
- Items will bounce on stairs.