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Raw materials






Yes (64)

First appearances

See History

Data value

dec: 263 hex: 107 bin: 100000111



Coal lumps are items mainly obtained by harvesting coal ore blocks. Their main uses are as a fuel or crafting torches.

Charcoal is an alternative to coal obtained from smelting wood. It can do everything coal can, except be traded with villagers or crafted into a block of coal. Coal and charcoal also cannot stack together.

Obtaining[edit | edit source]

The main difference between coal and charcoal is in the methods of obtaining.

Mining[edit | edit source]

Coal ore mined using a pickaxe will drop 1 unit of coal. If the pickaxe is enchanted with Fortune, it may drop an extra unit per level of Fortune, up to a maximum of 4 with Fortune III.

Crafting[edit | edit source]

Name Ingredients Crafting recipe


Block of Coal


Smelting[edit | edit source]

Name Ingredients Smelting recipe


Coal Ore +
Any fuel


Any Wood +
Any fuel

Wither Skeletons[edit | edit source]

A wither skeleton may drop a coal lump upon death.

Natural generation[edit | edit source]

Coal can be found in 45.2% of chest minecarts in abandoned mine shafts and 35.6% of stronghold storeroom chests in stacks of 3–8. In 1.9,[upcoming] coal can be found in 27.4% of dungeon chests and 74.3% of igloo chests in stacks of 1–4, and in 32.0% of chest minecarts in abandoned mine shafts and 35.6% of stronghold storeroom chests in stacks of 3–8.

Usage[edit | edit source]

Crafting ingredient[edit | edit source]

Name Ingredients Crafting recipe

Block of Coal


Fire Charge

Blaze Powder +
Gunpowder +
Coal or


Stick +
Coal or

Fuel[edit | edit source]

When used in a furnace as a fuel, a coal lump or piece of charcoal lasts 80 seconds (8 operations). Coal/charcoal used as fuel lasts more than 5 times longer than wood planks or wood used as fuel.

Coal and charcoal are also the only fuels accepted by powered minecarts. They provide approximately four minutes of transit each.

Trading[edit | edit source]

Villager fishermen, armorers, tool smiths and weapon smiths buy 16-24 coals for one emerald as part of their first tier trades. Butchers buy 16-24 coals for one emerald as part of their second tier trades.

Data values[edit | edit source]

Coal and charcoal share the same ID name, which is minecraft:coal, but charcoal has a data value of 1.

DV Description

0 Coal

1 Charcoal

Achievements[edit | edit source]

Icon Achievement In-game description Prerequisites Actual requirements (if different) Version restriction Xbox points earned Trophy type (PS)
Renewable Energy Smelt wood trunks using charcoal to make more charcoal. None Xbox, PS4 and Windows 10 10G Bronze

Video[edit | edit source]

History[edit | edit source]

0.31 (January 29, 2010)  Coal-Indev.png Added coal, which dropped when coal ore was lit on fire.
Coal can be used to craft torches.
0.31 (January 31, 2010) Coal may be mined from coal ore blocks, dropping one coal if mined by hand, or three when mined with a pickaxe.[1]
December 25, 2010 Charcoal is suggested to Notch by @Moleculor as a writing implement.
1.2 Charcoal was added, with the same texture as coal. It was not used as a writing implement.
Official release
?  Coal.png Coal and charcoal texture changed.
1.2.1 12w04a Coal is now used to craft fire charges.
1.4.2 12w36a Coal is now dropped by wither skeletons, making it renewable.
1.6.1 13w18a Coal can be used to craft coal blocks.
13w19a Charcoal.png Changed the charcoal texture.
1.9 15w43a Coal may now be found in igloo basement chests.
15w44a Decreased average yield from mineshaft chests, and added to dungeon chests.
Pocket Edition Alpha
0.3.0  Coal.png Added coal, which can be used to craft torches.
0.8.0 Coal can be crafted to make a block of coal.
0.8.1 Charcoal.png Changed the charcoal texture
Console Edition
TU1 Coal.png Coal.png Added coal and charcoal.
TU19 Charcoal.png Changed the charcoal texture.

Issues[edit | edit source]

Issues relating to “Coal” or “Charcoal“ are maintained on the issue tracker. Report issues there.

References[edit | edit source]