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Minecart

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Minecart
Minecart.png
Minecart
Type

Vehicles

Durability

N/A

Renewable

Yes

Stackable

No

Network ID

42

Savegame ID

MinecartRideable

Drops


Minecart
(1)

Health points

6 (Heart.svgHeart.svgHeart.svg)

First appearance

Infdev (June 18, 2010)

Data value

dec: 328 hex: 148 bin: 101001000

Name

minecart

Minecarts are rideable entities placed on rails that can be used to carry items, mobs, and the Player. They are used as a form of transportation to cover long distances, since they are much faster than walking. Additionally, they are used for recreation — intricate roller coasters have been created through clever track placement and design.

Contents

[edit] Obtaining

[edit] Crafting

Ingredients Crafting recipe

Iron Ingot




Grid layout Arrow (small).png Minecart
Iron Ingot
Iron Ingot
Iron Ingot Iron Ingot Iron Ingot

[edit] From special minecarts

Minecarts can also be obtained by breaking special minecarts:

[edit] Usage

Minecarts are placed in the same manner as other blocks; however, they can only be placed on top of rails. Once placed, they may be derailed by pushing them off of the end of the track.

Once placed, minecarts can be hit, which reverts them back to an item. This can't be done while they are being ridden. Swords can do this in one hit with no decrease in durability; one arrow will do the same, but the arrow will be lost.

[edit] As a crafting ingredient

Name Ingredients Crafting recipe

Minecart with Chest

Chest +
Minecart




Grid layout Arrow (small).png Minecart with Chest

Chest

Minecart

Minecart with Furnace

Furnace +
Minecart




Grid layout Arrow (small).png Minecart with Furnace

Furnace

Minecart

Minecart with Hopper

Hopper +
Minecart




Grid layout Arrow (small).png Minecart with Hopper

Hopper

Minecart

Minecart with TNT

TNT +
Minecart




Grid layout Arrow (small).png Minecart with TNT

TNT

Minecart

[edit] Transportation

The rideable minecart on rails surrounded by wooden slabs

Minecarts can be ridden by right-clicking them. Once inside, the player cannot move, an external impulse (a powered minecart, powered rail, or other player) may be needed to make the minecart start moving. It is possible to push the minecart yourself and then jump in. The player can slowly move the minecart while riding it, by using the direction keys. Mobs (notably tamed ocelots) can also push minecarts. Also, if an animal gets in front of a minecart, the animal will be pulled in the minecart.

Players can exit the minecart by pressing the sneak key, however if there is only one block of headroom above the cart the player will take half a heart of suffocation damage as his head will be temporarily through the ceiling. When the minecart is exited, it searches for an adjacent or diagonal 2x2x3 area to put the player 1.5 blocks away from the cart. If none is available, the player is deposited directly above the minecart. Consequently, the player falls inside the minecart. It is possible to interact with the environment while riding a cart, such as shooting a bow at enemies or laying down track in front of the minecart while it is moving.

After rolling off of the end of a track, a minecart can be pushed around on open blocks. If a minecart is pushed onto or falls onto tracks, it will "snap" to those tracks. When riding a minecart, if the the minecart lands on a rail, the player will not take any fall damage.

A minecart will stop dead when it encounters an arrow, whereas it will bounce off or fly past (if fast enough) a player.

Mobs can also ride minecarts. They can be pushed by the player into one, walk into one, or being hit by an empty cart. Passive mobs will not walk into a minecart. Hostile mobs will not try to avoid minecarts on their path and will ride it. Any mob that touches a minecart that is on an activated powered rail will instantly ride it, while a mob will NEVER ride into a minecart that is placed on an unpowered powered rail.

[edit] Speed

Minecarts have a predefined speed limit of 8 m/s per axis of travel. (1 block = 1 meter; 8 m/s = 28.8 km/hr.) A minecart traveling diagonally can therefore travel up to 11.314 m/s (i.e. the square root of the quantity 82 + 82) No longer works as of 1.7.5. When a minecart comes to a turn it moves diagonally across that turn.

[edit] Boosting

Powered rails powered by redstone will give minecarts a boost of speed. However, unpowered powered rails will bring minecarts to a halt.

[edit] Loss of speed

One unit of kinetic energy could be defined as the energy gained by a cart going down a one block slope, and lost by a cart when it goes up a one block slope. If a 45 degree downward slope is connected directly into an upward slope, an initial height of 60 blocks will result in a final height of 40 blocks, a loss of 20 units of potential energy. But if 20 sections of flat track are inserted between the slopes, the final height will be 35. This implies that one unit of energy is lost for every 4 sections of horizontal track traveled with an initial stored energy of between 60 and 40. At much lower speeds, much less energy is lost, implying that the energy lost is a percentage of the cart's current energy. The above gives about 0.5% energy loss per section of track. One implication of this is that more energy lost when the cart has more energy, so a gradual slope should allow you to travel much farther distances than a steep slope followed by a long flat section. (This is different from real-life physics, where friction does not increase with velocity. However, it may be an attempt to mirror air resistance, which is proportional to the square of velocity.)

Anything in the way of the minecart will take it to a dead stop, including: blocks, items, and mobs. Once a minecart has left the track, it will rapidly decelerate within one or two squares. It is possible to have a sufficiently boosted minecart "skip" over one square without a track, then rejoin the track at reduced energy later. When a mob touches a minecart they affect it in the same way a player would, i.e. mobs that move up against a still cart will set it in motion. When an empty minecart hits a mob, the mob will ride it.

[edit] Merged minecarts

Merged minecarts are two or more minecarts merged. This can be done in various ways, one of which is putting a minecart on a 1-piece slope-track and letting another minecart fall on top of it. When minecarts are merged the player can still ride them. What makes them useful, however, is their odd way of losing speed. When coming off a track, merged minecarts initially lose their speed to around walking speed. But after first contact, they won't lose their speed anymore.

This way they can be used to cross certain distances when the player's only goal is to not actively walk towards the player's goal / target. Or when the player doesn't have enough resources to cover the complete distance, this measure can be considered. Note: for this concept to work, at least 3 minecarts will have to be merged. Doing this can detach the minecarts by pushing one off of the rails, or the one the Player is riding might get stuck on a tight turn. Speed may decrease when merged.

[edit] Unoccupied carts, incline and a boost

This table shows the distance traveled by an unoccupied minecart on an incline, with a boost (or no boost). The most efficient way is to use only 1 boost at the bottom of the incline on the flat surface. Using 2 will increase by about 20% or 1.5m. All distance trends based on the height seem to be logarithmic. The carts started from rest, on an incline (at Height).

-Height- No Boost Bottom Bottom and Top All boosts on incline and bottom
1 2.77m 8.77 10.8 10.8
2 4.59m 9.59 10.83 13.37
3 5.81m 9.81 11.66 15.12
4 7.04m 10.04 12.46 16.95
5 7.87m 10.87 12.29 17.95
10 11.65m 13.38 15.12 21.68
100 15.87m 17.05 17.54 25.34

[edit] Detecting minecarts

The detector rail is a switch activated by minecarts. It generates a Redstone charge when a minecart is on the rail.

Minecarts can also be detected when their corners run over pressure plates as they go around a curved track. The effect is similar to the detector rail, but can only occur at curves.

[edit] Collision

Minecarts seem to have about the same size as a block; 1x1. Because of this, a ladder, door or trapdoor will prevent it from falling down a 1x1 hole. This can be utilized to make minecart dispensers, by stacking carts on top of each other and dispensing them with the help of a booster. A single cart dispenser using a door can also be made by using a sign to block the cart from falling off the door. As of snapshot 12w15a, minecarts can also be placed directly on rails using Dispensers.

Previously, it was possible to transport carts along 1 block wide water streams without the minecarts falling by placing ladders underneath. By alternating the signs, items could still fall through. Because streams carried minecarts at a very slow rate, a trap could be made where anyone sitting in a cart would be suffocated in a block directly above the stream, and their items could then be collected below. However, since water no longer affects minecarts, this is no longer possible.

Carts on minecart tracks will also ignore collision in certain situations. A cart traveling downhill or on a curve with a block placed in front of it will go through the block. If it is going fast enough, it can skip through one block and reattach to track on the other side, at significantly reduced speed.

A player riding in a minecart will not collide with or suffocate in any transparent blocks, including glass, half slabs, and leaves.

[edit] Special minecarts

There are currently six types of special minecarts:

Mojang has also released teaser images of another potential minecart, but it is not currently in the game:

[edit] Minecart trains

A minecart train, with a chicken riding

To create a train, start with a fairly short length of straight track with an open ending on one side. Put a Powered minecart on the side nearest the open end, and then add storage minecarts or ridable minecarts along the rest of the track. Then, turn on your powered minecart. It will push the other minecarts as if it were a minecart train. Placing an additional powered minecart on the other end will allow you to make a two-way train, as minecarts currently only push other carts, not pull. If you are on a superflat world, there are a fairly large number of Slimes around. Kill the Slimes until you are left with a bunch of tiny ones. Hop in a minecart and the tiny slimes will push the minecart while trying to kill you. This is completely safe because tiny Slimes do not cause damage.

[edit] Minecarts in 1.8

As of 14w11a, the physics of mine carts have drastically changed, meaning that many of the above statistics do not apply in 1.8. Minecarts now go faster and farther - they have a new defined speed limit of 1 meter/tick or 20 m/s (or 72 km/h). They have improved collision and position handling, meaning minecarts can no longer be merged.

One of the most significant changes is that minecarts can derail at corners if going too fast. One way to combat this is to place two unpowered powered rails, followed by a detector rail before each corner. If the minecart is going at full speed, this reduces it to a speed where the mine cart will be able to go round a corner. In addition, placing fences/glass panes around each corner will also prevent the minecart from derailing.

Minecarts can also refuse to go uphill. If a minecart is going too fast, the minecart will refuse to go uphill. This means that players have to test for the optimal speed at which a minecart is able to go uphill, and provides an extra challenge.

Minecarts can "fly" off rails if it is accelerating downhill. When the minecart reaches terminal velocity (or its fastest possible speed), the minecart will "jump" off the rail.

In 14w17a, minecarts reverted to the old minecart physics used before 14w11a.

[edit] Minecart IDs

Icon Dec Hex Name Minecart type

328 148 minecraft:minecart Minecart

342 156 minecraft:chest_minecart Minecart with Chest

343 157 minecraft:furnace_minecart Minecart with Furnace

407 197 minecraft:tnt_minecart Minecart with TNT

408 198 minecraft:hopper_minecart Minecart with Hopper

422 1A6 minecraft:command_block_minecart Minecart with Command Block

[edit] Video

Note: This video shows only 3 varieties of minecarts, as it is out-dated. There are currently 7 varieties.

[edit] Achievements

Icon Achievement In-game description Prerequisites Actual requirements (if different) Version restriction Xbox points earned
Achievement-fancy.png
Grid Rail.png
On A Rail Travel by minecart at least 1 km from where you started Acquire Hardware Travel by minecart to a point at least 1 km (500 m in Xbox 360 Edition) in a single direction from where you started. None 40G

[edit] History

Infdev
Seecret Friday 1
The old Minecart from Infdev
Minecarts had a different inventory icon. OldMinecartInventory.png Their only purpose was to store things in. The more things you would put in the higher the "Dirt Level" would rise.
June 24, 2010 Changed minecart mechanics to ride-able minecarts.
Alpha
Seecret Friday 4 Added sitting animation for riding minecarts/saddled pigs.
Seecret Friday 7 Powered minecarts and storage minecarts were added. After this update, creating minecart trains became a much simpler solution to transporting goods.
Beta
1.5 Minecarts break faster with hands.
Powered rails were introduced, which enabled minecarts to move automatically, although previous methods of boosting no longer work or work as effectively.
The detector rail switch was introduced for use in detecting minecarts. Prior to this update, carts were detected by using pressure plates in line with cart tracks. This had the often undesirable effect of dramatically slowing or even stopping the minecart, which limited the use of this design mostly to boosters.
1.6 A minecart now transfers any fall damage it suffers onto its rider, and will not be destroyed upon impact.
1.8 If you punch a minecart when descending from a jump, it will show the critical hit animation. This also happens if you punch the cart while still in it.
Official release
1.0.0 1.9pre C418 posted a sound showing the sound that minecarts make.
1.3.1 12w21b The player no longer spawns on top/inside of the minecart after getting out; instead the player gets off a few blocks away. Also, the player can nudge a stationary minecart while inside it to move onto a powered rail, etc.
1.4.2 12w38b Sounds for minecarts added.
1.5 13w02a
The first image Jeb released[1]
Minecarts can now be edited with a third party program to show any block inside of it (it will not take on the characteristics of this block), as well as make it take on the characteristics of any cart.
1.7.2 13w39a Added Minecart with Command Block.
Upcoming
1.8 14w11a Changed minecart physics - they now go faster and farther, can derail at corners if going too fast and refuse to go uphill.
Improved collision and position handling.
Pocket Edition Alpha
0.8.0 Added minecarts.
Console Edition
TU1 Added minecarts.

[edit] Issues

A pig inside a burning minecart

Issues relating to "Minecart" are maintained on the issue tracker. Report issues there.

[edit] Trivia

  • Multiple minecarts in the same place can make them push each other, meaning that they can move without powered rails or even rails at all.
  • Endermen cannot teleport out of minecarts. They will try, but fail.
  • Minecarts appear to float above the track, as their model has no wheels.
  • Small Slimes may be used to power a minecart by hitting it from behind. This strategy works fairly well, and can be used to power long minecart trains.[2]
  • You can bump a medium slime in a minecart, and it can't attack you. However, a large slime can.
  • The large slime, large Magma Cube and Ghast will completely cover a minecart.
  • A medium slime in a minecart has a small but powerful "Force Field" around it where you get pushed away, but not hurt.
  • Slimes in minecarts will divide if punched to death. This makes dividing slimes easy, as they can't move.
  • Minecarts automatically stored items until the storage minecart was put into the game.
  • Dropped items and skeleton arrows, if left on a track, will stop a minecart as if they were walls.
  • Tamed wolves will follow you when you are in a minecart.
  • If you view your inventory while riding in a minecart you will appear sitting down in mid-air.
  • The texture file, cart.png, features a large 'leather like' panel that used to be used as the bottom of the minecart when it contained items, back when minecarts were used to store items. However, it is now unused.[3]
    Minecarts being stacked on each other
  • Minecarts can be set on fire, but the mob or player inside the minecart will not catch fire from a minecart.
  • Spiders can get "caught" in a minecart. On certain times of the day they can hurt you, but not always. A powered minecart cannot push the spider while the player and powered rails can. The spider cannot escape but it can look around.
  • The minecart can drive underwater if launched by rail and some air supplies underwater.
  • Spider Jockeys can propel themselves on flat surfaces and chase you.
  • Minecarts can be stacked onto each other.
  • Creepers can explode while in a minecart.
  • Minecarts can be dropped when the player shoots a fully charged arrow at it.
  • Ghasts can ride minecarts, even though they fly.
  • Whilst minecarts have wheels when placed, their crafting recipe does not include them.
  • You are able to teleport to another minecart whilst sitting in a minecart by right clicking a minecart in your range.
  • If a minecart with other minecarts "stacked" on top of it falls into lava, they will sometimes drop a minecart item that can stay in the lava, yet never burn up. Note that these items can still despawn after 5 minutes, just like any item.
  • Giants riding minecarts are placed way up in the air in a sitting pose.
  • Villagers can ride on minecarts if possible.

[edit] References