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Solid Block







Blast resistance





Any tool




Yes (64)



First appearances

See History


Smelted: 0.2



Data value

dec: 81 hex: 51 bin: 1010001



A Cactus is a plant that occurs naturally in dry areas.

Obtaining[edit | edit source]

Cactus can be mined by hand without taking damage. The tool used to mine the cactus does not affect the speed in which it is mined.

Hardness 0.4
Breaking time[note 1]
Hand 0.65
  1. Times are for unenchanted tools in seconds.

When the spot a cactus is placed in becomes unsuitable, such as when a solid block is placed next to them or their own sand block underneath is harvested or falls, the cactus block will uproot and will drop as an item.

A cactus will also be removed and drop itself as an item if a piston tries to push it (trying to pull it does nothing) or moves a block into its space.

Natural generation[edit | edit source]

Cacti naturally occur in desert and mesa biomes. They mainly generate as one, two, or three blocks tall, but very rarely they can generate up to nine blocks tall.

Farming[edit | edit source]

Cacti grow only on sand at a rate of one cactus block every 2–4 minutes, and to a maximum height of three blocks; though, higher stacks can be placed by the player. Cacti can only be placed either on sand, red sand, or on other cactus blocks, with no horizontally adjacent solid blocks. Bone meal does not work on cacti to speed its growth. A cactus does not need light to grow and are non-flammable. If a cactus has space directly above it, it will grow; but if the newly grown cactus block has blocks on its sides, it will break immediately after growth and drop itself as an item.

Usage[edit | edit source]

When any entity, including players and mobs, touches a cactus, 1 (Half Heart.svg) damage is taken every 0.5 second. Damage from touching a cactus is reduced by armor, but touching it also damages the armor. Mobs will not avoid cacti when they pathfind, making them good for trap and farm design.

Cacti will also destroy any items that come into contact with them, including cactus blocks harvested above them.

When a minecart hits a cactus block, the minecart is dropped as an item - this item is often destroyed as a result, although a hopper will pick it up faster.

A cactus can also be placed in a flower pot, where it is rendered harmless.

Cactus (excluding its spines) is 78 of a block in width (the same as chests) and a full block in height, however the collision box is 1516 of a block high.

A cactus will break itself (and drop as an item) if any block with a solid material, or lava, is in any of the 4 blocks horizontally adjacent. It will also break if on sand and the block above is water or lava.

Smelting ingredient[edit | edit source]

Name Ingredients Smelting recipe

Cactus Green

Cactus +
Any fuel

Data values[edit | edit source]

Block data[edit | edit source]

See also: Data values
Bits Values
0x0 Freshly planted cactus.
0x1 to 0x15 The data value is incremented at random intervals.
When it becomes 15, a new cactus block is created on top as long as the total height does not exceed 3.

Block state[edit | edit source]

See also: Block states
Name Value Description

0–15 A freshly-planted cactus – and a cactus which has just grown cactus above it – each have an age of 0.
The age is incremented at random intervals.
At age 15, a cactus may try to grow more cactus above it.

Video[edit | edit source]

History[edit | edit source]

Until Beta 1.8, Cacti were somewhat larger than other blocks when dropped.
1.0.6 The cactus was added to the game. Players were hurt 7 (Heart.svgHeart.svgHeart.svgHalf Heart.svg) while breaking them.
Cactus-Pre Alpha 1.0.11.png The texture was different to what it is now. The cactus was a full block.
1.0.7 Players are now hurt 1 (Half Heart.svg) while breaking them.
1.0.11 Cacti can now only be placed on sand, and now have the requirement that the space around it has to be empty. Previously, cacti could be placed to form a damaging floor: both players and mobs take half a heart of damage when they walk on a cactus block. This made it useful for traps, such as a hallway with a cactus block floor that would kill all mobs that walked on it.
Collecting cacti no longer hurts the player.
Cactus.png The model and texture were updated to have spines around the block.
1.2 Cactus can now be smelted, giving cactus green.
1.8 When dropped onto the world, the Cactus item is no longer slightly larger than most other blocks despite the fact that they were visibly smaller when placed. This was because it used the larger 'item' size, rather than the 'block' size.
Official release
1.9 15w49a Cactus now breaks if adjacent to lava, or if on sand and the block above is water or lava.
Pocket Edition Alpha
0.1.3 Added cacti.
0.2.0 Cacti is now available in the creative mode inventory.
0.12.1 build 1 Cacti are no longer available from the Nether reactor.
Console Edition
TU1 CU1 1.0 Patch 1 Added cacti.

Issues[edit | edit source]

Issues relating to “Cactus” or “Cacti“ are maintained on the issue tracker. Report issues there.

Trivia[edit | edit source]

  • The bottom of a cactus block does not damage the player.
  • Cactus can be placed underwater, provided they are placed on sand, and will grow if they break the surface.
  • Cactus can be placed next to saplings, but the cactus will break when the tree grows.
  • Endermen can move and place cacti. Thus, they can increase the cactus population in deserts by moving cactus blocks as they grow.
  • Signs can be placed on top of cactus.
  • It is possible for cacti to generate on blocks other than sand due to generated structures; refer to the gallery for examples.
  • Cactus can be used in the desert to see if you are in a newly generated area. If most of the cacti around you are only one block high, then it is most likely new land.
  • Death to a cactus will display "[playername] was pricked to death" in the chat messages.
  • It is possible to sneak off cactus blocks.
  • It is possible to place blocks on top of a cactus.
  • It is possible to place redstone next to a cactus block and the block won't be destroyed.

Gallery[edit | edit source]