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Stairs

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Stairs
Oak Wood Stairs.pngSpruce Wood Stairs.pngBirch Wood Stairs.pngJungle Wood Stairs.pngAcacia Wood Stairs.pngDark Oak Wood Stairs.pngSandstone Stairs.pngRed Sandstone Stairs.pngCobblestone Stairs.pngBrick Stairs.pngStone Brick Stairs.pngNether Brick Stairs.pngQuartz Stairs.png
Oak Wood StairsSpruce Wood StairsBirch Wood StairsJungle Wood StairsAcacia Wood StairsDark Oak Wood StairsSandstone StairsRed Sandstone StairsCobblestone StairsBrick StairsStone Brick StairsNether Brick StairsQuartz Stairs
Type

Solid Block

Requirements

None

Physics

No

Transparency

Partial (blocks light)

Luminance

No

Blast resistance

Wood: 15
Stone: 30
Sandstone, Quartz, Red Sandstone: 4

Hardness

Wood: 2
Stone: 2
Sandstone, Quartz, Red Sandstone: 0.8

Tools

This block can be broken with any tool, but an axe is the quickestGrid Wooden Pickaxe.png

Renewable

Cobblestone, Stone Brick, Wood: Yes
Brick, Nether Brick, Quartz, Red Sandstone, Sandstone: No

Stackable

Yes (64)

Flammable

Wood: Yes
Stone: No

First appearances

See History

Drops

Itself

Data values

See Data values

Name

See Data values

Stairs are a block that allows mobs (including players) to change elevation without jumping.

Obtaining[edit]

Stairs can be crafted, or can be found in villages, strongholds, and nether fortresses.

Breaking[edit]

Wood stairs drops themselves as items when broken with any tool, or with no tool, but an axe is fastest. Non-wood stairs drop themselves as items only if broken with a pickaxe.

Block Hardness Tool Breaking time (seconds)
Hand Wooden Stone Iron Diamond Golden Shears Sword

Brick Stairs
2
10 1.5 0.75 0.5 0.375 0.25

Cobblestone Stairs
2
10 1.5 0.75 0.5 0.375 0.25

Nether Brick Stairs
2
10 1.5 0.75 0.5 0.375 0.25

Quartz Stairs
0.8
4 0.6 0.3 0.2 0.15 0.1

Red Sandstone Stairs
0.8
4 0.6 0.3 0.2 0.15 0.1

Sandstone Stairs
0.8
4 0.6 0.3 0.2 0.15 0.1

Stone Brick Stairs
1.5
7.5 1.125 0.5625 0.375 0.2813 0.1875

Wood Stairs
2
3 1.5 0.75 0.5 0.375 0.25

Crafting[edit]

Wood stairs must be crafted entirely from one type of wood and keep the type and color of the wood used.

Name Ingredients Crafting recipe

Any Wood Stairs

Any Wood Planks



Oak Wood PlanksSpruce Wood PlanksBirch Wood PlanksJungle Wood PlanksAcacia Wood PlanksDark Oak Wood Planks Grid layout Arrow (small).png Oak Wood Stairs4Spruce Wood Stairs4Birch Wood Stairs4Jungle Wood Stairs4Acacia Wood Stairs4Dark Oak Wood Stairs4

Oak Wood PlanksSpruce Wood PlanksBirch Wood PlanksJungle Wood PlanksAcacia Wood PlanksDark Oak Wood Planks Oak Wood PlanksSpruce Wood PlanksBirch Wood PlanksJungle Wood PlanksAcacia Wood PlanksDark Oak Wood Planks
Oak Wood PlanksSpruce Wood PlanksBirch Wood PlanksJungle Wood PlanksAcacia Wood PlanksDark Oak Wood Planks Oak Wood PlanksSpruce Wood PlanksBirch Wood PlanksJungle Wood PlanksAcacia Wood PlanksDark Oak Wood Planks Oak Wood PlanksSpruce Wood PlanksBirch Wood PlanksJungle Wood PlanksAcacia Wood PlanksDark Oak Wood Planks

Cobblestone Stairs

Cobblestone



Cobblestone Grid layout Arrow (small).png Cobblestone Stairs4

Cobblestone Cobblestone
Cobblestone Cobblestone Cobblestone

Brick Stairs

Bricks



Bricks Grid layout Arrow (small).png Brick Stairs4

Bricks Bricks
Bricks Bricks Bricks

Stone Brick Stairs

Any Stone Bricks



Stone BricksMossy Stone BricksCracked Stone BricksChiseled Stone Bricks Grid layout Arrow (small).png Stone Brick Stairs4

Stone BricksMossy Stone BricksCracked Stone BricksChiseled Stone Bricks Stone BricksMossy Stone BricksCracked Stone BricksChiseled Stone Bricks
Stone BricksMossy Stone BricksCracked Stone BricksChiseled Stone Bricks Stone BricksMossy Stone BricksCracked Stone BricksChiseled Stone Bricks Stone BricksMossy Stone BricksCracked Stone BricksChiseled Stone Bricks

Nether Brick Stairs

Nether Brick



Nether Brick Grid layout Arrow (small).png Nether Brick Stairs4

Nether Brick Nether Brick
Nether Brick Nether Brick Nether Brick

Sandstone Stairs

Any Sandstone



SandstoneChiseled SandstoneSmooth Sandstone Grid layout Arrow (small).png Sandstone Stairs4

SandstoneChiseled SandstoneSmooth Sandstone SandstoneChiseled SandstoneSmooth Sandstone
SandstoneChiseled SandstoneSmooth Sandstone SandstoneChiseled SandstoneSmooth Sandstone SandstoneChiseled SandstoneSmooth Sandstone

Quartz Stairs

Any Quartz Block



Block of QuartzChiseled Quartz BlockPillar Quartz Block Grid layout Arrow (small).png Quartz Stairs4

Block of QuartzChiseled Quartz BlockPillar Quartz Block Block of QuartzChiseled Quartz BlockPillar Quartz Block
Block of QuartzChiseled Quartz BlockPillar Quartz Block Block of QuartzChiseled Quartz BlockPillar Quartz Block Block of QuartzChiseled Quartz BlockPillar Quartz Block

Red Sandstone Stairs

Any Red Sandstone



Red SandstoneChiseled Red SandstoneSmooth Red Sandstone Grid layout Arrow (small).png Red Sandstone Stairs4

Red SandstoneChiseled Red SandstoneSmooth Red Sandstone Red SandstoneChiseled Red SandstoneSmooth Red Sandstone
Red SandstoneChiseled Red SandstoneSmooth Red Sandstone Red SandstoneChiseled Red SandstoneSmooth Red Sandstone Red SandstoneChiseled Red SandstoneSmooth Red Sandstone

Natural generation[edit]

Wood and cobblestone stairs generate naturally in plains villages, and sandstone stairs generate naturally in desert villages.

Cobblestone stairs also generate naturally in strongholds.

Nether brick stairs generate naturally in Nether fortresses.

Usage[edit]

Stairs ReconfigurationLeft: Original facing when separate. Right: Changed shape when adjacent (top: inner corner; bottom: outer corner).

To place stairs, use a stairs item while pointing at a surface facing the space the stairs should occupy. Stairs will place with the half-block side closest to the player.

Stairs can be placed either right side up or upside-down:

  • Pointing at a block top or the bottom half of a block side will place the stairs right side up.
  • Pointing at a block bottom or the top half of a block side will place the stairs upside-down.

Stairs will change their shape to join with adjacent stairs (of any material):

  • When a stairs' half-block side is adjacent to the side of another stairs, the stairs' full-block side will wrap into an "L" shape to join the other stairs (it creates an "inner corner").
  • When a stairs' full-block side is adjacent to the side of another stairs, the stairs' full-block side will shorten to join only the other stairs' full-block side (it creates an "outer corner").

Right side up stairs won't join with upside-down stairs and vice versa.

Walking up stairs is faster and takes less of a toll on a player's hunger bar than jumping up.

Data values[edit]

Stairs are defined by their ID and block data. Stairs also have a block state which is expected to replace the functionality of block data in a future version.

ID[edit]

A stairs' ID specifies its material:

Name ID Name Block ID
Oak Wood Stairs oak_stairs 53
Cobblestone Stairs stone_stairs 67
Brick Stairs brick_stairs 108
Stone Brick Stairs stone_brick_stairs 109
Nether Brick Stairs nether_brick_stairs 114
Sandstone Stairs sandstone_stairs 128
Spruce Wood Stairs spruce_stairs 134
Birch Wood Stairs birch_stairs 135
Jungle Wood Stairs jungle_stairs 136
Quartz Stairs quartz_stairs 156
Acacia Wood Stairs acacia_stairs 163
Dark Oak Wood Stairs dark_oak_stairs 164
Red Sandstone Stairs red_sandstone_stairs 180

Block data[edit]

A stairs' block data specifies its facing and whether it is upside-down:

Bits Description
0x1
0x2
A two-bit field containing a value from 0 to 3 specifying the direction of the stairs' full-block side:
  • 0: East
  • 1: West
  • 2: South
  • 3: North
0x4 Set if stairs are upside-down
0x8 (unused)

Block state[edit]

Name Value Description

 facing
north
south
east
west
The direction the stairs' full-block side faces.

When placed in-game by a player, this matches the direction the player faces.


 half
top
bottom
Top if the stairs are upside-down.

 shape
straight
inner_left
inner_right
outer_left
outer_right
"straight" is the default stairs shape.

"inner" is an "inside corner" stair shape, with two full-block and two stair-shaped side faces.

"outer" is an "outside corner" stair shape, with two stair-shaped and two half-block side faces.

"left" and "right" specify in which direction is the higher part of the step.

Video[edit]

History[edit]

Alpha
1.0.0 Added wood and cobblestone stairs. Wooden stairs do not burn up.
1.2.0 Before this version, stairs would determine their orientation based on the surrounding blocks (changing if they were changed). They would attempt to face a block adjacent to the stairs, so as to create a climbable surface towards that block. However, this was often more annoying than helpful, and was therefore changed to be placed facing the player.
1.2.2
The old light transparency
Stairs now had the odd property of being transparent to light; when placed one or more spaces above the ground with air beneath, sunlight or other light sources would shine through and light the blocks beneath/behind the stairs exactly as if nothing opaque were present between them. Other atmospheric effects such as snowfall did not penetrate stair blocks, making them an unusually effective material for creating roofing which kept weather out, but still let daylight in. Snow could not accumulate on top of stair blocks, grass was able to grow on the block directly underneath a stair block, and grass wouldn't disappear if a stair block was placed on top of it. Any stair block placed in Alpha 1.2.0_02 to Beta 1.5 would keep this property in later versions until it or an adjacent block is changed or removed, causing a lighting update.
Beta
1.6 Wooden stairs and fences are now flammable.
Fixed light transparency from Alpha 1.2.2. Reversed the inventory icon for stairs to show a more recognizable figure.
1.8 Added brick and stone brick stairs. Stone brick stairs could drop one of either mossy stone brick or cracked stone brick when broken due to the data value carrying over. Mining a stair block would yield the stair's source material, rather than a stair block, thus wasting material.
1.8.1 Stone brick stairs now always drop regular Stone Brick.
Official release
1.0.0 Beta 1.9-pre1 Added Nether brick stairs.
Beta 1.9-pre6 Mining a stair block now drops the stair block instead of the stair's source material.
1.2.1 12w08a Added upside-down stairs. Before they were added, edited data values of 4 through 15 would create invisible stairs that could be walked through; these higher values are now used for upside-down stairs.
1.3.1 12w21a Added sandstone stairs.
12w25a Redstone, repeaters, torches, levers, pressure plates and rails can now be placed on stairs positioned upside down.
Added wooden stairs for the remaining three wood types (birch, spruce and jungle).
12w26a Added crafting recipes for birch, spruce and jungle wood stairs.
1.4.2 12w34a Stairs now automatically change shape into corner stairs depending on location.
12w39a Stairs interact properly with lighting now.
Smooth lighting on stairs is slightly bugged.
1.5 13w02a Added quartz stairs.
13w05a Fixed stairs lighting when Smooth Lighting is on.
13w05b Stairs no longer stop sprinting.
1.7.2 1.7-pre Added acacia and dark oak stairs.
1.8 14w32a Added red sandstone stairs.
Pocket Edition Alpha
0.1.0 Added wooden (original oak) and cobblestone stairs.
0.3.0 Added brick stairs.
0.6.0 Added Nether brick, sandstone, stone brick and quartz stairs.
Corner stairs and upside-down stairs added.
0.8.0 build 2 Birch, spruce and jungle wood stairs added.
0.9.0 build 1 Added acacia and dark oak wood stairs.
Stone brick stairs now naturally spawn in strongholds.
Cobblestone and oak wood stairs now naturally spawn in villages.
Corrected the name for stairs.
Console Edition
TU1 Added wood (original oak) and cobblestone stairs.
TU5 Added stone brick stairs and brick stairs.
TU7 Added Nether brick stairs.
TU9 Added spruce and birch wood stairs and sandstone stairs.
TU12 Added jungle wood stairs.
Stairs now automatically change shape into corner stairs depending on location.
Stairs can be placed upside down. Items can be placed directly on upside down stairs.
TU13 Jungle wood stairs are now flammable.
TU14 Added quartz stairs.
Changed placement of upside down stairs & slabs.
Pi Edition
0.1.1 Added wood (original oak), cobblestone and brick stairs.

Issues[edit]

Issues relating to "Stairs" are maintained on the issue tracker. Report issues there.

Trivia[edit]

  • On the Xbox 360 edition, grass won't revert to dirt on stone or oak wood stairs, but grass can't grow on it either.[Verify]

Gallery[edit]